Presentation on theme: "Activator When you finish answering the 4 questions below in your notebooks we will watch a clip from a movie about modern day workers on strike called."— Presentation transcript:
Activator When you finish answering the 4 questions below in your notebooks we will watch a clip from a movie about modern day workers on strike called Made in LA. 1. Who fights for the rights of workers? 2. What can workers do to protest low wages, dangerous working conditions, discrimination or abuse from an employer? 3. What is a union? 4. What should government do?
Agenda Activator, agenda, and objective (10 minutes) Made in LA video clip (30 minutes) How did people react to industrialization notes (20 minutes) How did government react? Populists and Progressives pair work (30 minutes) Exit ticket: Should government regulate business?
Objective All students will: Understand the effect of political programs and activities of the Populists and the Progressives. Populists: Farmers Alliance, demands for radical social and economic change, money supply, government ownership of transportation, tax proportionate to income. Progressives: Federal regulation of railroad transport, the Children’s Bureau, 16 th amendment, Theodore Roosevelt, and Hiram Johnson.
How did people react to Industrialization? Industrial workers – labor unions – strikes. Knights of Labor, AFL, Wobblies, Railroad strike of 1877, Homestead 1892, Pullman 1894 Farmers – Farmers Alliance – populism. Money supply, nationalize transportation, tax rich more Government – regulation – social programs. Regulating the railroads. Triangle Shirtwaist fire. Municipal reforms. Antitrust law
Knights of Labor An injury to one is the concern of all. 8 hour work day. Worker-owned factories. No child labor. Equal pay for men and women
American Federation of Labor (AF of L) 1886 Mostly for skilled workers. Represented them in political matters. Maintained a national strike fund. Mediated disputes between labor and management through collective bargaining. Prevented disputes among many craft unions. Samuel Gompers
International Workers of the World (IWW) or Wobblies 1905 Opposed AFL. Socialist leadership. Violent strikes especially in WWI.
The Great Railroad Strike 1877 Started when wages were cut 10% during depression. Strikers, sympathizers, rioters broke railroad property and clashed with local militias. Federal troops called out – fired on crown in Pittsburg. 20,000 angry people reacted by destroying $5 million in railroad property. President Rutherford Hayes again called in troops. Employers relied on state and federal armies to repress labor unrest.
Haymarket 1886 National demonstration for the 8 hour work day. Police broke up a fight between strikers and “scabs” at McCormick reaper factory in Chicago killing many workers. Protesters came to Haymarket Square where they were joined by anarchists (radicals who opposed government). Riot with many dead on both sides. Four anarchists were tried for conspiracy to commit murder and hung. Press blamed the AF of L.
Pullman Strike 1894 Pullman created a town for workers making luxury train cars. Built parks, etc. but also regulated behavior like banning alcohol etc. Financial panic of 1893 – Pullman laid off workers and cut wages by 25% while keeping food prices in his town at the same level. 260,000 workers joined the strike. Because it blacked the delivery of mail, U.S. troops were called in. The government cited the Sherman Antitrust law saying that the union was a trust and restrained free trade. Set a pattern of government opposition to unions.
Populists and Progressives What was the government response 1880-1920? In groups of 3 read either the section on Populists or the section on Progressives. Take notes and search to answer this question: “What did the government do to regulate business? How did this help workers?”
Populists pp.507-512 Grew out of the Farmers Alliance Demanded radical economic change Increased circulation of money Progressive income tax Government ownership of transportation and communication United front of African American and white farmers
Progressives pp.614-620; pp.621- 627 Federal regulation of railroad Children’s Bureau 16 th Amendment Theodore Roosevelt Hiram Johnson
Exit Ticket 1. What is a “Trust” and why would you need an antitrust law? 2. Is government regulation of business a good thing? Explain why or why not.