Presentation on theme: "Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures Dr. Siemens Office-Sierra Hall 240M Office Telephone (818) 677-4931 Office Hours –Tuesday and Thursday 8:20-9:20AM."— Presentation transcript:
Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures Dr. Siemens Office-Sierra Hall 240M Office Telephone (818) Office Hours –Tuesday and Thursday 8:20-9:20AM 3:30- 4PM –and by appointment
3x5 Card Name Reason for Class Previous Anthropology Address Is there a particular Third World Culture of interest to you? Anything else you want Dr. Siemens to know about you and your interests.
THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGY What anthropologists have you heard of? What did they study?
Harrison Ford as fictional Indiana Jones
Mary Leakey Discovered Oldest Footprints
Louis Leakey found fossil humans
Jane Goodall was first to study chimpanzees in the wild.
Jane Goodall still works for Chimpanzee conservation.
Dian Fossey was first to study gorillas in the wild.
Sigourney Weaver as Dian Fossey
Margaret Mead with Samoan Girls
David Maybury-Lewis(right) Host of PBS series Millenium” Also founder of the human rights group “Cultural Survival”
Sam Dunn used anthropological training in heavy metal documentary Takes holistic view: religion, gender, social, global and historical perspectives. Main obstacle was convincing artists he was sympathetic. –Metal artists gave thoughtful responses. –Some appeared hostile on camera but friendly off camera. Anthropological approach was not first choice. Chicago Tribune
Anthropologists You may have Heard of Indiana Jones * Mary Leakey Louis Leakey Jane Goodall Dian Fossey Margaret Mead Deborah Tannen David Maybury-Lewis Sam Dunn Explore Ruins (fictional) Fossil Hunter Chimpanzees Gorillas Samoan Girls American Women and Men Talking Xavante Rights Heavy Metal Music * Fictitious anthropologist
Anthropologists in the News Anthropologists contribute to American society as well as to the international community of scholars
Maira Martinez Forensic Anthropologist Identifying victims of political massacres Families accompany her sometimes LA Times August 4 A7
Jane MacLaren Walsh Studied Crystal Skull donated to Smithsonian Skull was made with modern tools Skull lacks prehistoric style features LA Times June 8, 2008
Studied Japanese consumer culture –Worked in Tokyo convenience stores Japanese buy exotic Colombian Giant beetles. –Heads resemble samurai headgear –$350/Giant beetle LA Times A4 Biodiversity valuable to Colombian, German Viasus, left Colombia plans to market more biodiversity Gavin Whitelaw
Diana Fullwiley Harvard Analyses genetic markers to connect African-Americans to ancestral populations and African-American kin. –"At most, you're getting 1% of your ancestry…” Raymond A. Winbush –“paternal DNA linked him to the Bubi, a people indigenous to Equatorial Guinea on Central Africa's Atlantic coast, and his maternal DNA linked him to the Tikar people of adjoining Cameroon. He also carried markers common in people of Dutch, French, British and German origin.” –"The discovery helped me to locate myself more psychologically," he said. "It's all kind of wrapped up in the idea of locating oneself in history." LA Times A6
Richard Applegate Wrote Samala dictionary from John P. Harrington’s notes –Samala is a Chumash Language Chumash are native people of Los Angeles Santa Barbara Independent Chumash financed dictionary Chumash are relearning language –Last native speaker of Samala died 1965 J.P. Harrington
Anthropologists in the News Maira Martinez Jane MacLauren Walsch Gavin Whitelaw Diana Fullwiley Richard Applegate Identifying Colombian Political Victims Crystal Skulls Japanese Consumerism African Genetic Markers Chumash Language
Anthropologists for Our Readings Trobriands (Weiner) Mbuti (Turnbull) Turnbull-Mbuti, Weiner-Trobriands, Flint & de Waal -Darfur Evans-Pritchard and Siemens-Azande Darfur Flint&deWaal
Colin Turnbull Mbuti (Sua)
Mitsuo Ichikawa Mbuti (Sua)
Robert Bailey- Mbuti (Efe) Justin Kendrick- Mbuti
Bronislaw Malinowski Trobriand Fieldwork and Functionalism
Annette Weiner Trobriands
Darfur, Sudan Julie Flint and Alex de Waal used research on Dor village by anthropologist Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa
Edward Evans- Pritchard Azande
Siemens Observes Azande Magic
Anthropologists for Our Readings Colin Turnbull Mitsuo Ichikawa Robert Bailey Justin Kendrick Annette Weiner Bronislaw Malinowski Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa Julie Flint and Alex de Waal Edward Evans-Pritchard Stephen Siemens Mbuti Pygmies Trobriand Islanders Darfur Azande
Why are all of these called anthropologists?
Anthropology Defined Anthropology is the study of human beings in a holistic manner. –Holism means appreciating totalities as more than mere combinations of parts. –There are two ways anthropology is holistic. 1) Comprehensiveness. Because anthropology is holistic its study includes all humans of all places and all times. 2) Interrelatedness. Because anthropology is holistic any human group should be studied in its entirety, finding connections among economics, politics, religion, language, etc.
Nature and Nurture A hundred years ago anthropology was the same as “racial” studies. –Biological determinism was the prevailing view. –Eugenics was popular. Eugenics seeks to “improve” a population by identifying those with “good” genes and promoting their reproduction. Those with “bad” genes are prevented from reproducing. –Nazi extermination of Jews was eugenics. Eugenics is inhumane and mistaken about genetics.
Cultural Determinism Franz Boas argued that the important sources of human variation were learned rather than inherited. –Boas changed the prevailing view to cultural determinism. Boas decreased the importance of biology to anthropology and increased the importance of learned culture.
Anthropological Subfields First four subfields are results of differences in methods. Physical (or Biological) Anthropology Archeology Linguistic Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Applied Anthropology intersects the first four. –Has practical as well as intellectual goals.
Physical Anthropology Physical Anthropology uses biological methods. Physical anthropology studies human origin, related species & variation.
Archeology Archeology uses excavation methods and sampling. –Archeology studies artifacts. Artifacts are objects made by humans.
Linguistic Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology uses linguistic methods. Linguistic anthropology studies language in use.
Cultural Anthropology Cultural Anthropology uses participant observation. –Cultural anthropology studies cultures of living people. This class is about cultural anthropology.
Applied Anthropology Intersects cultural, physical, linguistic and archeological anthropology. Works with organizations to solve problems using anthropology: business, government, non-governmental organizations. –Creates commonality among practitioners Marietta L. Baba (right) as worked with major corporations such as Motorola. Current interest is in globally distributed work groups. Network analysis reveals rifts that hinder productivity.