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Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures

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1 Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures
Dr. Siemens Office-Sierra Hall 240B Office Telephone (818) Office Hours Wednesday & Friday 1-1:30 Thursday 11:45AM-1:15PM and by appointment

2 3x5 Card Name Reason for Class Previous Anthropology Email Address
Is there a particular Third World Culture of interest to you? Anything else you want Dr. Siemens to know about you and your interests.

3 THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGY What anthropologists have you heard of
THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGY What anthropologists have you heard of? What did they study?

4 Harrison Ford as fictional Indiana Jones

5 Mary Leakey Discovered Oldest Footprints

6 Louis Leakey found fossil humans

7 Jane Goodall was first to study chimpanzees in the wild.

8 Jane Goodall still works for Chimpanzee conservation.

9 Dian Fossey was first to study gorillas in the wild.

10 Sigourney Weaver as Dian Fossey

11 Margaret Mead with Samoan Girls

12 Deborah Tannen

13 David Maybury-Lewis(right) Host of PBS series Millenium” Also founder of the human rights group “Cultural Survival”

14 Anthropologists You may have Heard of
Indiana Jones* Mary Leakey Louis Leakey Jane Goodall Dian Fossey Margaret Mead Deborah Tannen David Maybury-Lewis Explore Ruins (fictional) Fossil Hunter Chimpanzees Gorillas Samoan Girls American Women and Men Talking Xavante Rights *Fictitious anthropologist

15 Anthropologists in the News
Anthropologists contribute to American society as well as to the international community of scholars

16 Helen Fisher Studies Brains in Love
Considers three types of love Romantic Lust Attachment Antidepresents may inhibit love LA Times, July 30, 2007 Neurotransmitters Serotonin (low) Norepinephrine (maybe) Testosterone (lust) Dopamine (novelty) Vasopressin (Male attachment Oxytocin (Female attachment)

17 Jeanne Arnold Studies Middle Class Los Angeles Residents
Middle Class spend a lot on yards and don’t use them Two wage earners don’t have leisure time LA Times August 19, 2007 Arnold is also an expert on Chumash.

18 Frederick Kyalo Manthi discovered the most recent habiline 1.5 mya
Habilines must not be ancestral to our species since ancestral erectines appear 1.8 mya LA Times

19 Kuhn & Stiner say Neandertals lacked sexual division of labor
That would establish sexual division of labor as distinctive of our recent evolutionary grouping Philadelphia Inquirer April 2, 2007 Neander-tals were coed hunters Steven L. Kuhn Mary C. Steiner

20 Sam Dunn used anthropological training in heavy metal documentary
Takes holistic view: religion, gender, social, global and historical perspectives. Main obstacle was convincing artists he was sympathetic. Metal artists gave thoughtful responses. Some appeared hostile on camera but friendly off camera. Anthropological approach was not first choice. Chicago Tribune


22 Anthropologists in the News
Helen Fisher Jeanne Arnold Frederick Kyalo Manthi Sam Dunn Brain Biochemistry of Love Los Angeles Middle Class Homes Fossil human-like species of a couple million years ago Heavy metal music

23 Anthropologists for Our Readings
Turnbull-Mbuti, Weiner-Trobriands, Flint & de Waal -Darfur Evans-Pritchard and Siemens-Azande Trobriands (Weiner) Darfur Flint&deWaal Mbuti (Turnbull)

24 Colin Turnbull Mbuti (Sua)

25 Mitsuo Ichikawa Mbuti (Sua)

26 Robert Bailey-Mbuti (Efe)
Justin Kendrick- Mbuti

27 Bronislaw Malinowski Trobriand Fieldwork and Functionalism

28 Annette Weiner Trobriands

29 Darfur, Sudan Julie Flint and Alex de Waal used research on Dor village by anthropologist Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa

30 Edward Evans-Pritchard Azande

31 Siemens Observes Azande Magic

32 Anthropologists for Our Readings
Colin Turnbull Mitsuo Ichikawa Robert Bailey Justin Kendrick Annette Weiner Bronislaw Malinowski Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa Julie Flint and Alex de Waal Edward Evans-Pritchard Stephen Siemens Mbuti Pygmies Trobriand Islanders Darfur Azande

33 Why are all of these called anthropologists?

34 Anthropology Defined Anthropology is the study of human beings in a holistic manner. Holism means appreciating totalities as more than mere combinations of parts. There are two ways anthropology is holistic. 1) Comprehensiveness. Because anthropology is holistic its study includes all humans of all places and all times. 2) Interrelatedness. Because anthropology is holistic any human group should be studied in its entirety, finding connections among economics, politics, religion, language, etc.

35 Nature and Nurture A hundred years ago anthropology was the same as “racial” studies. Biological determinism was the prevailing view. Eugenics was popular. Eugenics seeks to “improve” a population by identifying those with “good” genes and promoting their reproduction. Those with “bad” genes are prevented from reproducing. Nazi extermination of Jews was eugenics. Eugenics is inhumane and mistaken about genetics.


37 Cultural Determinism Franz Boas argued that the important sources of human variation were learned rather than inherited. Boas changed the prevailing view to cultural determinism. Boas decreased the importance of biology to anthropology and increased the importance of learned culture.

38 Anthropological Subfields First four subfields are results of differences in methods.
Physical (or Biological) Anthropology Archeology Linguistic Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Applied Anthropology intersects the first four. Has practical as well as intellectual goals.

39 Physical Anthropology
Physical Anthropology uses biological methods. Physical anthropology studies human origin, related species & variation.

40 Archeology Archeology uses excavation methods and sampling.
Archeology studies artifacts. Artifacts are objects made by humans.

41 Linguistic Anthropology
Linguistic Anthropology uses linguistic methods. Linguistic anthropology studies language in use.

42 Cultural Anthropology
Cultural Anthropology uses participant observation. Cultural anthropology studies cultures of living people. This class is about cultural anthropology.

43 Applied Anthropology Intersects cultural, physical, linguistic and archeological anthropology. Works with organizations to solve problems using anthropology: business, government, non-governmental organizations. Creates commonality among practitioners Marietta L. Baba (right) as worked with major corporations such as Motorola. Current interest is in globally distributed work groups. Network analysis reveals rifts that hinder productivity.


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