Presentation on theme: "Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures"— Presentation transcript:
1 Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures Dr. SiemensOffice-Sierra Hall 240BOffice Telephone (818)Office HoursWednesday & Friday 1-1:30Thursday 11:45AM-1:15PMand by appointment
2 3x5 Card Name Reason for Class Previous Anthropology Email Address Is there a particular Third World Culture of interest to you?Anything else you want Dr. Siemens to know about you and your interests.
3 THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGY What anthropologists have you heard of THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGY What anthropologists have you heard of? What did they study?
13 David Maybury-Lewis(right) Host of PBS series Millenium” Also founder of the human rights group “Cultural Survival”
14 Anthropologists You may have Heard of Indiana Jones*Mary LeakeyLouis LeakeyJane GoodallDian FosseyMargaret MeadDeborah TannenDavid Maybury-LewisExplore Ruins (fictional)Fossil HunterChimpanzeesGorillasSamoan GirlsAmerican Women and Men TalkingXavante Rights*Fictitious anthropologist
15 Anthropologists in the News Anthropologists contribute to American society as well as to the international community of scholars
16 Helen Fisher Studies Brains in Love Considers three types of loveRomanticLustAttachmentAntidepresents may inhibit loveLA Times, July 30, 2007NeurotransmittersSerotonin (low)Norepinephrine (maybe)Testosterone (lust)Dopamine (novelty)Vasopressin (Male attachmentOxytocin (Female attachment)
17 Jeanne Arnold Studies Middle Class Los Angeles Residents Middle Class spend a lot on yards and don’t use themTwo wage earners don’t have leisure timeLA Times August 19, 2007Arnold is also an expert on Chumash.
18 Frederick Kyalo Manthi discovered the most recent habiline 1.5 mya Habilines must not be ancestral to our species since ancestral erectines appear 1.8 myaLA Times
19 Kuhn & Stiner say Neandertals lacked sexual division of labor That would establish sexual division of labor as distinctive of our recent evolutionary groupingPhiladelphia Inquirer April 2, 2007Neander-tals were coed huntersSteven L. Kuhn Mary C. Steiner
20 Sam Dunn used anthropological training in heavy metal documentary Takes holistic view: religion, gender, social, global and historical perspectives.Main obstacle was convincing artists he was sympathetic.Metal artists gave thoughtful responses.Some appeared hostile on camera but friendly off camera.Anthropological approach was not first choice.Chicago Tribune
22 Anthropologists in the News Helen FisherJeanne ArnoldFrederick Kyalo ManthiSam DunnBrain Biochemistry of LoveLos Angeles Middle Class HomesFossil human-like species of a couple million years agoHeavy metal music
23 Anthropologists for Our Readings Turnbull-Mbuti, Weiner-Trobriands, Flint & de Waal -DarfurEvans-Pritchard and Siemens-AzandeTrobriands(Weiner)DarfurFlint&deWaalMbuti(Turnbull)
32 Anthropologists for Our Readings Colin TurnbullMitsuo IchikawaRobert BaileyJustin KendrickAnnette WeinerBronislaw MalinowskiAdam Abdul-Jalil MusaJulie Flint and Alex de WaalEdward Evans-PritchardStephen SiemensMbuti PygmiesTrobriand IslandersDarfurAzande
34 Anthropology DefinedAnthropology is the study of human beings in a holistic manner.Holism means appreciating totalities as more than mere combinations of parts.There are two ways anthropology is holistic.1) Comprehensiveness. Because anthropology is holistic its study includes all humans of all places and all times.2) Interrelatedness. Because anthropology is holistic any human group should be studied in its entirety, finding connections among economics, politics, religion, language, etc.
35 Nature and NurtureA hundred years ago anthropology was the same as “racial” studies.Biological determinism was the prevailing view.Eugenics was popular.Eugenics seeks to “improve” a population by identifying those with “good” genes and promoting their reproduction. Those with “bad” genes are prevented from reproducing.Nazi extermination of Jews was eugenics.Eugenics is inhumane and mistaken about genetics.
37 Cultural DeterminismFranz Boas argued that the important sources of human variation were learned rather than inherited.Boas changed the prevailing view to cultural determinism.Boas decreased the importance of biology to anthropology and increased the importance of learned culture.
38 Anthropological Subfields First four subfields are results of differences in methods. Physical (or Biological) AnthropologyArcheologyLinguistic AnthropologyCultural AnthropologyApplied Anthropology intersects the first four.Has practical as well as intellectual goals.
39 Physical Anthropology Physical Anthropology uses biological methods.Physical anthropology studies human origin, related species & variation.
40 Archeology Archeology uses excavation methods and sampling. Archeology studies artifacts.Artifacts are objects made by humans.
41 Linguistic Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology uses linguistic methods.Linguistic anthropology studies language in use.
42 Cultural Anthropology Cultural Anthropology uses participant observation.Cultural anthropology studies cultures of living people.This class is about cultural anthropology.
43 Applied AnthropologyIntersects cultural, physical, linguistic and archeological anthropology.Works with organizations to solve problems using anthropology: business, government, non-governmental organizations.Creates commonality among practitionersMarietta L. Baba (right) as worked with major corporations such as Motorola.Current interest is in globally distributed work groups.Network analysis reveals rifts that hinder productivity.