Presentation on theme: "Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures Dr. Siemens Office-Sierra Hall 240B Office Telephone (818) 677-4632 Office Hours –Wednesday & Friday 1-1:30 –Thursday."— Presentation transcript:
Anthropology 315 Third World Cultures Dr. Siemens Office-Sierra Hall 240B Office Telephone (818) Office Hours –Wednesday & Friday 1-1:30 –Thursday 11:45AM-1:15PM –and by appointment
3x5 Card Name Reason for Class Previous Anthropology Address Is there a particular Third World Culture of interest to you? Anything else you want Dr. Siemens to know about you and your interests.
THE SCOPE OF ANTHROPOLOGY What anthropologists have you heard of? What did they study?
Harrison Ford as fictional Indiana Jones
Mary Leakey Discovered Oldest Footprints
Louis Leakey found fossil humans
Jane Goodall was first to study chimpanzees in the wild.
Jane Goodall still works for Chimpanzee conservation.
Dian Fossey was first to study gorillas in the wild.
Sigourney Weaver as Dian Fossey
Margaret Mead with Samoan Girls
David Maybury-Lewis(right) Host of PBS series Millenium” Also founder of the human rights group “Cultural Survival”
Anthropologists You may have Heard of Indiana Jones * Mary Leakey Louis Leakey Jane Goodall Dian Fossey Margaret Mead Deborah Tannen David Maybury-Lewis Explore Ruins (fictional) Fossil Hunter Chimpanzees Gorillas Samoan Girls American Women and Men Talking Xavante Rights * Fictitious anthropologist
Anthropologists in the News Anthropologists contribute to American society as well as to the international community of scholars
Helen Fisher Studies Brains in Love Neurotransmitters –Serotonin (low) –Norepinephrine (maybe) –Testosterone (lust) –Dopamine (novelty) –Vasopressin (Male attachment –Oxytocin (Female attachment) Considers three types of love –Romantic –Lust –Attachment Antidepresents may inhibit love –LA Times, July 30, 2007
Jeanne Arnold Studies Middle Class Los Angeles Residents Middle Class spend a lot on yards and don’t use them Two wage earners don’t have leisure time LA Times August 19, 2007 Arnold is also an expert on Chumash.
Frederick Kyalo Manthi discovered the most recent habiline 1.5 mya Habilines must not be ancestral to our species since ancestral erectines appear 1.8 mya LA Times
Kuhn & Stiner say Neandertals lacked sexual division of labor That would establish sexual division of labor as distinctive of our recent evolutionary grouping Philadelphia Inquirer April 2, 2007 Neander- tals were coed hunters Steven L. KuhnMary C. Steiner
Sam Dunn used anthropological training in heavy metal documentary Takes holistic view: religion, gender, social, global and historical perspectives. Main obstacle was convincing artists he was sympathetic. –Metal artists gave thoughtful responses. –Some appeared hostile on camera but friendly off camera. Anthropological approach was not first choice. Chicago Tribune
Anthropologists in the News Helen Fisher Jeanne Arnold Frederick Kyalo Manthi Sam Dunn Brain Biochemistry of Love Los Angeles Middle Class Homes Fossil human-like species of a couple million years ago Heavy metal music
Anthropologists for Our Readings Trobriands (Weiner) Mbuti (Turnbull) Turnbull-Mbuti, Weiner-Trobriands, Flint & de Waal -Darfur Evans-Pritchard and Siemens-Azande Darfur Flint&deWaal
Colin Turnbull Mbuti (Sua)
Mitsuo Ichikawa Mbuti (Sua)
Robert Bailey- Mbuti (Efe) Justin Kendrick- Mbuti
Bronislaw Malinowski Trobriand Fieldwork and Functionalism
Annette Weiner Trobriands
Darfur, Sudan Julie Flint and Alex de Waal used research on Dor village by anthropologist Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa
Edward Evans- Pritchard Azande
Siemens Observes Azande Magic
Anthropologists for Our Readings Colin Turnbull Mitsuo Ichikawa Robert Bailey Justin Kendrick Annette Weiner Bronislaw Malinowski Adam Abdul-Jalil Musa Julie Flint and Alex de Waal Edward Evans-Pritchard Stephen Siemens Mbuti Pygmies Trobriand Islanders Darfur Azande
Why are all of these called anthropologists?
Anthropology Defined Anthropology is the study of human beings in a holistic manner. –Holism means appreciating totalities as more than mere combinations of parts. –There are two ways anthropology is holistic. 1) Comprehensiveness. Because anthropology is holistic its study includes all humans of all places and all times. 2) Interrelatedness. Because anthropology is holistic any human group should be studied in its entirety, finding connections among economics, politics, religion, language, etc.
Nature and Nurture A hundred years ago anthropology was the same as “racial” studies. –Biological determinism was the prevailing view. –Eugenics was popular. Eugenics seeks to “improve” a population by identifying those with “good” genes and promoting their reproduction. Those with “bad” genes are prevented from reproducing. –Nazi extermination of Jews was eugenics. Eugenics is inhumane and mistaken about genetics.
Cultural Determinism Franz Boas argued that the important sources of human variation were learned rather than inherited. –Boas changed the prevailing view to cultural determinism. Boas decreased the importance of biology to anthropology and increased the importance of learned culture.
Anthropological Subfields First four subfields are results of differences in methods. Physical (or Biological) Anthropology Archeology Linguistic Anthropology Cultural Anthropology Applied Anthropology intersects the first four. –Has practical as well as intellectual goals.
Physical Anthropology Physical Anthropology uses biological methods. Physical anthropology studies human origin, related species & variation.
Archeology Archeology uses excavation methods and sampling. –Archeology studies artifacts. Artifacts are objects made by humans.
Linguistic Anthropology Linguistic Anthropology uses linguistic methods. Linguistic anthropology studies language in use.
Cultural Anthropology Cultural Anthropology uses participant observation. –Cultural anthropology studies cultures of living people. This class is about cultural anthropology.
Applied Anthropology Intersects cultural, physical, linguistic and archeological anthropology. Works with organizations to solve problems using anthropology: business, government, non-governmental organizations. –Creates commonality among practitioners Marietta L. Baba (right) as worked with major corporations such as Motorola. Current interest is in globally distributed work groups. Network analysis reveals rifts that hinder productivity.