Food labels All Packaged foods have nutrition facts. All food manufacturers must include some details on labels. What do they mean? We invite you to join us to find out more…..
Nutrition claims Are used to attract the buyer’s attention such as: “low fat”, less sugar, and high fibre”. Do not rely in these claims. Some packages have :
The Ingredient List Ingredients list are listed in descending order based on the weight of the ingredient. Percentage daily value Tell what percentage of the daily recommended amount of each nutrient in in each serving. (This is based on a 2000 calorie per day) All packaged food have Nutrition information
This diagram shows the nutrition information and ingredients from a Weetbix package by Sanitarium.
750 g net FatFat total: is the amount of all fat types in one serving. We need fat. But we should avoid saturated fat and look for zero trans fat. saturated fat trans fat. CarbohydrateCarbohydrate: this includes both sugars and starches in food. Sugar :this tells how much of the total carbohydrate is sugar (the total amount of natural sugar and added sugar in one serving). We don’t need too much sugar. Sugar can add a lot of calories. FibreFibre: tells you how much fibre is in one serving. Eat food that are high in fibre. Sodium or salt: Try to choose foods with reduced or no added salt. Serving size is the amount of food to be eaten at one time by an adult. Serving per pack tells you how many servings in that package CaloriesCalories: tells you how much energy you will get from one serving of this food. Potassium and magnesium : minerals needed by the body. Some packages include vitamins section. 750g net ( the weight with the package) This tells you the nutrients in 100 g of this food. It is the best way to compare similar products. Click on the hyperlinked words (in blue) for more explanation then click back to bring you back to this page. Reading the labels
With numbers Serving size: 2 biscuits Serving per pack : 24 750 g net Calories: 107 per serve: Fat total: 0.4 g and 0.1 g of fat total comes for saturated fat. Saturated fat 0.1 g Carbohydrate: 20.1 g per serve Sugar :this tells how much of the total carbohydrate is sugar. 1g of carb per serve comes for sugar. Fibre: 3.3g: Aim for a total of 30 g per day. Foods with 4 g or more is high in fibre. Sodium (Salt): 87 mg per serve Salt is added during processing or preparation. 1g=1000mg The recommended daily value for sodium is less than 2400 mg per day (2.4 g per day) (less than a half tsp.) Amount: 1 tsp. of table salt equals 5.69 grams (g). You should not get more than 30% calories per day from fat. If you have 2000 calories in one day, no more than 600 calories should be from fat.
Each gram of fat has 9 calories Each gram of Carbohydrate has 4 calories Each gram of Protein has 4 calories. 1 year old needs 900 calories 5 years old needs 1400 calories An adult needs 2000-2500 calories 1 Cal = 4.18 kJ
With some calculations 750 g net Each g of fat has 9 calories. 0.4 x 9 = 3.6 g calories per serve comes from fat. Work out the percentage of fat in one serving: 3.6/107 x100 = 3.36% which is much less than 30 %. Calories in the whole container: Multiply the 107 (calorie per serve) x 24( serving per container) =2568 calories Each g of carbohydrate has 4 calories. 4 x 20 = 80 calories per serve comes from carbohydrate. Each gram of fat has 9 calories Each gram of Carbohydrate has 4 calories Each gram of Protein has 4 calories. If you eat two servings: 107x2= 214 calories. If you eat one serving, you get 107 calories. 2biscuits=30g 1 biscuit= 15 g Each serving is 2 biscuits 24x2= 48 biscuits in the package
There are four primary kinds of fats in the average diet: Saturated fats Trans fatty acids Monounsaturated fats Polyunsaturated fats Fat Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats are the so called "good" fats Back
Trans fat are man made fat. They are in our chips, bakery goods, popcorn and cakes. Trans fat is a type of unsaturated fat that behaves like a saturated fat because of its chemical structure. It increases our risk of heart disease by increasing the “bad” LDL cholesterol, while also lowering the “good” HDL cholesterol in our blood. Naturally occurring trans fats are found in small amounts in dairy products, beef, veal and lamb. Back Trans fat
Unsaturated fats are a healthy type of fat that are liquid at room temperature. They actually lower blood cholesterol and help reduce heart disease.fatheart disease There are two types of unsaturated fats, which are known as polyunsaturated and monounsaturated. Unsaturated fats Back
Sources of monounsaturated fats include: Olive oil Canola oil Peanut oil Nuts Avocados Monounsaturated fats Back
Saturated fats Saturated fats are found in animal products like meat and whole milk dairy products, as well as certain plant oils like coconut oils. They are the main cause of high cholesterol and heart disease. Back
Polyunsaturated fats can be divided into two groups known as omega-3 fats and omega-6 fats. These two types of fats have slightly different health benefits. Polyunsaturated fats Back
A fibre also known as roughage is essentially a carbohydrate that is found only in plants. The main purpose of fibre is to keep the digestive system healthy and functioning properly. It usually speeds up and aids the excretion of waste and toxins from the body, hence, preventing them from staying in the bowel for too long, which could cause several illnesses. Fibre Back
Carbohydrates are found in a variety of foods—bread, beans, milk, popcorn, potatoes, cookies, spaghetti, soft drinks, corn, whole grains, fruits and vegetables. The most common and abundant forms are sugars, fibres, and starches. Carbohydrates provide the body with the fuel it needs for physical activity and for proper organ function. Carbohydrates Back
Calories are what gives us energy! Definition of Calories: a unit that expresses the energy-producing value of food If you eat more calories than you burn, you will gain weight! Each gram of fat has 9 calories Each gram of Carbohydrate has 4 calories Each gram of Protein has 4 calories. 1 Cal = 4.18 kJ 1 year old needs 900 calories 5 years old needs 1400 calories An adult needs 2000-2500 calories Back