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Pippin Ch.7 Expansion and Industrialization (1860-1914) By Matthew Pippin.

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Presentation on theme: "Pippin Ch.7 Expansion and Industrialization (1860-1914) By Matthew Pippin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pippin Ch.7 Expansion and Industrialization (1860-1914) By Matthew Pippin

2 Pippin Formed when The Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railroad joined their tracks at Promontory, Utah. Transcontinental Railroad.

3 Pippin

4 Westward expansion caused conflicts with Native Americans

5 Pippin Conflicts with Native Americans that faugh against westward expansion are called this. Frontier Wars.

6 Pippin Name given to 4 all black regiments, by Native Americans, that fought in the Frontier Wars Buffalo Soldiers.

7 Pippin Battle where Sioux warriors surrounded and killed General Custer and his men. Battle of Little Bighorn 1876

8 Pippin Act passed by congress that dissolved the reservations and gave Indian families 160 acres to farm. Dawes Act

9 Pippin Dance performed by the Sioux that they believed would bring back the buffalo and remove the whites The Ghost Dance

10 Pippin Massacre of Sioux leader Sitting Bull, and his people by U.S army. Massacre at Wounded Knee Army tried to arrest Sitting Bull Began when settlers feared the Sioux and their Ghost Dance.

11 Pippin Process developed by Sir Henry Bessemer that improved the production of steel. The Bessemer Process Bessemer, Alabama named after him

12 Pippin Invented by John Deere in 1830’s it allowed people to work the land of the midwest and plains. Steel Plow

13 Pippin Used by farmers of the plains to pump water out of the ground. Wind mill

14 Pippin Developed by Joseph Glidden, it allowed farmers to cheaply and efficiently fence in land Barbed Wire

15 Pippin Group of farmers that pooled their resources to purchase new equipment at better price. Grange

16 Pippin Political party that formed in 1892 to address the concerns of the farmers. The Populist Party

17 Pippin Man responsible for sending the first telephone transmission. Alexander Graham Bell

18 Pippin A company that is the only supplier in its particular industry. Monopoly

19 Pippin Persons that become wealthy by exploitation and ruthlessness Robber barons Ex. John Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and Cornelius Vanderbilt.

20 Pippin Owned the Standard Oil Co. and created a monopoly in the oil industry by ensuring that his company was the only supplier of oil. John D. Rockefeller

21 Pippin Owned a steel company that controlled all phases of production and forced out competition. Andrew Carnegie Believed that wealthy should help poor. He called this idea Gospel of Wealth.

22 Pippin Owner of the New York Central railroad Cornelius Vanderbilt

23 Pippin Famous labor union formed in 1881 to coordinate strikes in entire industries and lobby congress for better working conditions. American Federation of Labor

24 Pippin Act passed in 1882 that prohibited Chinese from immigrating to U.S. The Chinese Exclusion Act

25 Pippin Movement that started during the 1890’s that developed in response to the growing corruption of politicians by the forces of big business. The Progressive Movement

26 Pippin Leading intellectuals during the Progressive Movement that wrote stories explaining the abuse of big business on workers and consumers Muckrakers

27 Pippin Book written by Upton Sinclair that exposed the miserable working conditions and poor food quality of the meat packing industry. The Jungle

28 Pippin Wrote The History of the Standard Oil Company(1904) that exposed the corruption of Standard Oil. Ida Tarbell

29 Pippin Person who began the movement for Public education in the early 19 century. Horace Mann

30 Pippin These amendment were known as the Progressive Amendments 16 th -collect income tax 17 th -people elect senators instead of state legislatures 18 th -Prohibited the making and selling of alcohol 19-Women’s suffarage

31 Pippin Progressive president who initiated reforms such as National Park system. President Theodore Roosevelt

32 Pippin Theodore Roosevelt’s verbal contract with the people to maintain equality for people and business The Square Deal.

33 Pippin After reading The Jungle, Theodore Roosevelt promoted this act to protect the health of the U.S people. Food and Drug Act (1906)

34 Pippin Name given to Woodrow Wilson’s Progressive ideas and actions. New Freedom. Goal was to insure competition in the marketplace and at the same time keep government out of business.

35 Pippin Wilson urged congress to est. this commission to investigate companies for unfair business practices. Federal Trade Commission (FTC), (1914)

36 Pippin Act passed by congress that was sponsored by Alabama congressman Henry De Lamar Clayton that made sure that businesses could not use antitrust laws to break up labor unions. Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)

37 Pippin Movement of blacks from the south to cities of the north and west as a result of violence in the south by the KKK. Black Exodus

38 Pippin Former slave that founded the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Booker T Washington He believed the answer to racial confrontation lie in vocational education and blacks entering in to the workforce.( Blue Collar Worker)

39 Pippin One of Booker T. Washington’s students who discovered the many uses of the peanut George Washington Carver

40 Pippin First black Ph.D. graduate from Harvard Univ. and wrote several important papers attacking the philosophy of Booker T. Washington W.E.B. Du Bois Believed Blacks should strive to gain jobs in the Clerical or professional fields. (White Collar Fields)

41 Pippin Movement organized by W.E.B.Du Bois that outlined the agenda for black progress in U.S. Niagara Movement. Meet in Niagara, Canada after being denied hotel accommodations in the U.S.

42 Pippin Goals of Niagara Movement. 1. Equal economic and political opportunities for blacks 2. Ending of segregation 3. Ending discrimination in the court system, public facilities, and trade unions.

43 Pippin Organization formed to help blacks gain equality and adopted the goals of the Niagara Movement. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

44 Pippin 1896 supreme court case ruling that said segregation was legal (separation of races), as long as things were equal. Plessy vs. Ferguson Things were separate but not equal.

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