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THE STUDENT WILL DESCRIBE THE GROWTH OF BIG BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AFTER RECONSTRUCTION. Standard 11.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDENT WILL DESCRIBE THE GROWTH OF BIG BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AFTER RECONSTRUCTION. Standard 11."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDENT WILL DESCRIBE THE GROWTH OF BIG BUSINESS AND TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONS AFTER RECONSTRUCTION. Standard 11

2 Teacher Resources For SSUSH11: “Gospel of Wealth” primary document (with 5 questions) Rockefeller Reading Guide Video of Thomas Edison talking about light bulb on youtube

3 SSUSH11 The student will describe the growth of big business and technological innovations after Reconstruction. a. Explain the impact of the railroads on other industries, such as steel, and on the organization of big business. b. Describe the impact of the railroads in the development of the West; include the transcontinental railroad, and the use of Chinese labor. c. Identify John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company and the rise of trusts and monopolies d. Describe the inventions of Thomas Edison; include the electric light bulb, motion pictures, and the phonograph, and their impact on American life

4 SSUSH11-A. Explain the impact of the railroads on other industries, such as steel, and on the organization of big business. Impact of Railroads on Industries  Iron, coal, steel, lumber, and glass industries grew rapidly  Fostered the growth of towns  Helped establish new markets

5 SSUSH11-A. Explain the impact of the railroads on other industries, such as steel, and on the organization of big business. Steel Industry:  Railroads need steel  Andrew Carnegie (Carnegie Steel Company)  Wrote “Gospel of Wealth” (Answer # 3-5 on primary document)  Vertical Integration- bought out his suppliers & controlled raw material.  Horizontal Integration- bought out competing steel producers.

6 SSUSH11b. Describe the impact of the railroads in the development of the West; include the transcontinental railroad, and the use of Chinese labor. Development of the West  , huge land grants to railroads for laying track to the west.  Railroads sell land to farmers, attract many European Immigrants  Railroads made expansion possible  Made transit reliable and  Offered adventure, land, and a fresh start  Towns developed (Pullman)  Promoted interdependence and trade  Promoted specialization of cities

7 SSUSH11b. Describe the impact of the railroads in the development of the West; include the transcontinental railroad, and the use of Chinese labor. Transcontinental Railroad  1860’s, Central Pacific goes east, Union Pacific goes West, meets in Utah  Central Pacific- Chinese immigrants  Union Pacific- Irish, civil war vets, Indian attacks  By 1880’s, 5 continental railroads complete  2,000 employees killed, 20,000 injured!

8 Transcontinental Railroad

9 “Golden Spike”

10 SSUSH 11-C c. Identify John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company and the rise of trusts and monopolies Rockefeller Reading Guide & Political Cartoon

11 Review of Rockefeller Oil Industry Controlled 90% of industry Used Trusts to control industry  Joined with competitors in trust agreements.  Turned over their stock to a group of trustees  In return, companies were entitiled to dividends on profits earned by the trust SSUSH 11-C c. Identify John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company and the rise of trusts and monopolies

12 What does this mean? “What a funny little government” -Horace Taylor, 1900

13 SSUSH 11-C c. Identify John D. Rockefeller and the Standard Oil Company and the rise of trusts and monopolies Intro Exercise

14 SSUSH11-D d. Describe the inventions of Thomas Edison; include the electric light bulb, motion pictures, and the phonograph, and their impact on American life Thomas Edison  Electric Light Bulb  (1880)…http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EUe2vjDEgs0  Motion Pictures  First Cartoon with Synchronized Sound:   Phonograph Impact on American Life  Changed business forever, could work at night  Could put factories wherever, not just near water  Electric street cars- urban travel was cheap, promoted spread of cities

15 SSUSH11-D d. Describe the inventions of Thomas Edison; include the electric light bulb, motion pictures, and the phonograph, and their impact on American life Alexander Graham Bell  Invented the telephone  Opened the way for a worldwide communications network.  Affected office work, created jobs for women

16 Checking for Understanding 1. How did Rockefeller control his company? 2. How did Carnegie gain control of his vast steel empire? 3. How did the railroad help the west to expand? 4. How did the invention of electricity change where factories would be built? 5. The Central Pacific used which immigrant group to work on the railroads?

17 SSUSH12 The student will analyze important consequences of American industrial growth. a. Describe Ellis Island, the change in immigrants’ origins to southern and eastern Europe and the impact of this change on urban America. b. Identify the American Federation of Labor and Samuel Gompers. c. Describe the growth of the western population and its impact on Native Americans with reference to Sitting Bull and Wounded Knee. d. Describe the 1894 Pullman strike as an example of industrial unrest.

18 SSUSH13 The student will identify major efforts to reform American society and politics in the Progressive Era. a. Explain Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle and federal oversight of the meatpacking industry. b. Identify Jane Addams and Hull House and describe the role of women in reform movements. c. Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson, and the emergence of the NAACP. d. Explain Ida Tarbell’s role as a muckraker. e. Describe the significance of progressive reforms such as the initiative, recall, and referendum; direct election of senators; reform of labor laws; and efforts to improve living conditions for the poor in cities.


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