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Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 1746-1828. Goya created About 500 oil paintings 280 lithographs and etchings (and he used the most modern methods) Nearly.

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Presentation on theme: "Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 1746-1828. Goya created About 500 oil paintings 280 lithographs and etchings (and he used the most modern methods) Nearly."— Presentation transcript:

1 Francisco de Goya y Lucientes

2 Goya created About 500 oil paintings 280 lithographs and etchings (and he used the most modern methods) Nearly a thousand drawings

3 His life can be divided into four stages: Until 1793 – slow rise to maturity 1793 – illness that left him deaf and released pent up creative forces within him 1808 – Napoleonic invasion and Goya’s responses to the war – a second illness, he retires to the Quinta del Sordo, the Black Paintings

4 First Stage: Tapestry Cartoons Produced for the Royal Tapestry Factory (Charles III) Rococo tendencies in nature and pose of figures Girl seems to stare at spectator, giving a sense of realism Clothing implies social class Relationship between the two? Parasol? General impression?

5 Blind Man´s Bluff

6 Etchings after Velázquez Las meninas 1773

7 Saint Francis of Borgia at the Deathbed of an Impenitent “The most sharply accurate vision of the collapse of the great religious and monarchic traditions of the West” Turning point: first use of the fantastic Emphasis on sinner’s naked body, expression Restless agony vs. pious zeal Rejection of idealized concept of expression (Neoclassicism) Emphasis on extremes

8 Portraits Rich clothing All the insignias of royalty, powdered wig Face? Impression? Critique? Charles IV

9 Queen María Luisa Rich royal clothing Royal insignias Hair and hat? Face? Personality? Attitude of Goya towards her?

10 The Straw Mannequin

11 Second Stage, after losing his hearing Yard of lunatics – 1793 Images of madness Enclosure Continuation of tendency begun with Saint Francis of Borgia Alienation and despair Movement Use of light Chaotic jumble of bodies

12 The Caprichos (Caprices) 1799 Series of 82 etchings Satirizing all aspects of society: –Aristocracy –Church –Greed –Prostitution –Marriage –Folly –Cruelty –Etc.

13 Descendant of donkeys

14 Love and Death

15 Caprice 43 Marks a change in the series The Sleep/Dream of Reason Produces Monsters Neoclassical or Romantic? The sublime Nightmare visions

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20 1808 – 1814 Napoleon and the War of Independence The 3 rd of May, 1808

21 Conformity of soldiers, power conveyed by abstract shape Victims cover their eyes, pray Center: man with outstretched arms = crucifixion Concentration of light, color on man

22 The disasters of the war Set of 82 etchings Realities of war: Violence Savagery Rape murder

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24 The Colossus – between Ambiguity of giant –Ignorant, arrogant prince? (Ferdinand VII) Mountains= the powerful Donkey=nobility –Hercules who rises up against Napoleon? –Buried to above the knees –Back to spectator –Closed eyes

25 Ferdinand VII El deseado (1814) Period of absolutism ( ), persecution of liberals constitutional monarchy (Intervention of 100,000 Sons of Saint Louis) Ominous Decade

26 Disparates or Proverbs ( ) Not published until 1864 Last great series of etchings Gives himself up to the irrational, nocturnal, fantastic, grotesque and terrifying Disparate del miedo [fear}

27 Los ensacados [In sacks]

28 The Inquisition

29 Black Paintings– The witches’ Sabbath

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32 Dog on a leash or Dog fighting against the current

33 Fight with Cudgels Stephen Mark

34 The Milkmaid from Bordeaux Goya in exile in Bordeaux Girl has a melancholy, dreamy, far away gaze Color: greens and blues Influence on Impressionists


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