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Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism Goya, Goethe, Byron.

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Presentation on theme: "Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism Goya, Goethe, Byron."— Presentation transcript:

1 Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism Goya, Goethe, Byron

2 The sleep of reason produces monsters The dream of reason produces monsters

3 Neoclassicism Symmetry Proportion Order Clarity Restraint

4 Neoclassicism

5 Landscape with Aeneas on Delos

6 Neoclassicism Decorum Harmony Restraint Imitation of Greek and Roman originals Dominance of pre- established rules Jean-Louis David, Oath of the Horatians

7 Neoclassicism Purpose of art: to instruct by delighting Dominance of the moral over the aesthetic function of art.

8 Romanticism J.M.W. Turner, Snow Storm - Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth

9 Romanticism Caspar Friedrich, Abbey in the Oak Wood

10 Romanticism

11 Romantic Garden

12 Romanticism Prevalence of the individual, subjective, personal, spontaneous Emphasis on the power of imagination, emotion, irrationality Search for the transcendental Appreciation for the power/beauty of untamed nature

13 Romanticism Emotion over reason, senses over the intellect Preoccupation with genius, the individual, the exceptional Artist as the supreme creator Rejection of rules, importance of experimentation Imagination as way to reach transcendental experience/truth Predilection for the exotic, mysterious, weird, occult, monstrous, diseased, satanic Search for national, autochthonous origins (resurgence of medieval, revaluation of Shakespeare, Calderón, Lope de Vega)

14 Francisco de Goya y Lucientes His life is described as having four stages: Until 1793 – slow rise to maturity 1793 – illness that left him deaf and released pent up creative forces within him 1808 – Napoleonic invasion and Goyas responses to the war – a second illness, he retires to the Quinta del Sordo, the Black Paintings

15 First Stage: Tapestry Cartoons General impression? Calm, peace, harmony Lack of emotion Beauty, grace Balance

16 1808 – 1814 Napoleon and the War of Independence The 3 rd of May, 1808

17 The disasters of the war

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19 The Colossus – between Ambiguity of giant –Ignorant, arrogant prince? (Ferdinand VII) Mountains= the powerful Donkey=nobility –Hercules who rises up against Napoleon? –Buried to above the knees –Back to spectator –Closed eyes

20 Black Paintings– The witches Sabbath

21 Saturn eating his son

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23 Prometheus Rebel god (Titan) Stole fire from Zeus and gave it to man Chained to a rock Eagle ate his liver each day 13 generations later, Heracles killed the eagle

24 Prometheus, Gustave Moreau

25 Some Romantic works based on the Prometheus myth Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Prometheus (1774) Ludwig van Beethoven, opus 43, Creatures of Prometheus (ballet), overture (1801)opus 43overture Lord Byron, Prometheus Percy Shelley, Prometheus Unbound (1820)Prometheus Unbound Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus (1818, 1831)

26 Johan Wolfgang von Goethe ( ) Perhaps the most important German writer (poet, essayist, dramatist, novelist) Collected works form around 144 volumes Most influential works: The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774), Wilhem Meister ( ), Faust (Part I, 1808, Part II 1832) A principal figure of the Sturm und Drang movement Portrait by Eugene Delacroix

27 George Gordon, Lord Byron ( ) Perhaps the best known of the English Romantic poets Main works: –Childe Harolds Pilgrimage ( ) – Manfred. Dramatic Poem. (1817) –Don Juan ( )

28 Byronic hero Exiled or solitary wanderer Moody, passionate Superior intellect Heightened sensitivity Rejects traditional values and moral codes

29 Goethe and Byrons Prometheus In groups of three discuss the following and choose an image that you feel is particularly powerful to exemplify each: 1.How the Gods (Zeus, in particular) are characterized. 2.How Prometheus is characterized. 3.What stage of the Promethean myth is presented. 4.How the attitudes of the two poets differ.


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