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Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism

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Presentation on theme: "Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism"— Presentation transcript:

1 Neoclassicism vs. Romanticism
Goya, Goethe, Byron

2 The sleep of reason produces monsters
The dream of reason produces monsters

3 Neoclassicism Symmetry Proportion Order Clarity Restraint

4 Neoclassicism

5 Neoclassicism Landscape with Aeneas on Delos

6 Jean-Louis David, Oath of the Horatians
Neoclassicism Decorum Harmony Restraint Imitation of Greek and Roman originals Dominance of pre-established rules Jean-Louis David, Oath of the Horatians

7 Neoclassicism Purpose of art: to instruct by delighting Dominance of the moral over the aesthetic function of art.

8 J.M.W. Turner, Snow Storm - Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth
Romanticism J.M.W. Turner, Snow Storm - Steam-Boat off a Harbour's Mouth

9 Romanticism Caspar Friedrich, Abbey in the Oak Wood

10 Romanticism

11 Romantic Garden

12 Romanticism Prevalence of the individual, subjective, personal, spontaneous Emphasis on the power of imagination, emotion, irrationality Search for the transcendental Appreciation for the power/beauty of untamed nature

13 Romanticism Emotion over reason, senses over the intellect
Preoccupation with genius, the individual, the exceptional Artist as the supreme creator Rejection of rules, importance of experimentation Imagination as way to reach transcendental experience/truth Predilection for the exotic, mysterious, weird, occult, monstrous, diseased, satanic Search for national, autochthonous origins (resurgence of medieval, revaluation of Shakespeare, Calderón, Lope de Vega)

14 Francisco de Goya y Lucientes 1746-1828
His life is described as having four stages: Until 1793 – slow rise to maturity 1793 – illness that left him deaf and released pent up creative forces within him 1808 – Napoleonic invasion and Goya’s responses to the war. 1819 – a second illness, he retires to the Quinta del Sordo, the Black Paintings

15 First Stage: Tapestry Cartoons
General impression? Calm, peace, harmony Lack of emotion Beauty, grace Balance

16 1808 – 1814 Napoleon and the War of Independence
The 3rd of May, 1808

17 The disasters of the war


19 The Colossus – between 1808-1812
Ambiguity of giant Ignorant, arrogant prince? (Ferdinand VII) Mountains= the powerful Donkey=nobility Hercules who rises up against Napoleon? Buried to above the knees Back to spectator Closed eyes

20 Black Paintings– The witches’ Sabbath

21 Saturn eating his son


23 Prometheus Rebel god (Titan) Stole fire from Zeus and gave it to man
Chained to a rock Eagle ate his liver each day 13 generations later, Heracles killed the eagle

24 Prometheus, Gustave Moreau
1868 Prometheus, Gustave Moreau

25 Some Romantic works based on the Prometheus myth
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, “Prometheus” (1774) Ludwig van Beethoven, opus 43, Creatures of Prometheus (ballet), overture (1801) Lord Byron, “Prometheus” Percy Shelley, Prometheus Unbound (1820) Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus (1818, 1831)

26 Johan Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)
Perhaps the most important German writer (poet, essayist, dramatist, novelist) Collected works form around 144 volumes Most influential works: The Sorrows of Young Werther (1774), Wilhem Meister ( ), Faust (Part I, 1808, Part II 1832) A principal figure of the Sturm und Drang movement Portrait by Eugene Delacroix

27 George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824)
Perhaps the best known of the English Romantic poets Main works: Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage ( ) Manfred. Dramatic Poem. (1817) Don Juan ( )

28 Byronic hero Exiled or solitary wanderer Moody, passionate
Superior intellect Heightened sensitivity Rejects traditional values and moral codes

29 Goethe and Byron’s “Prometheus”
In groups of three discuss the following and choose an image that you feel is particularly powerful to exemplify each: How the Gods (Zeus, in particular) are characterized. How Prometheus is characterized. What stage of the Promethean myth is presented. How the attitudes of the two poets differ.

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