Presentation on theme: "The Tensions of Enlightenment"— Presentation transcript:
1The Tensions of Enlightenment Francisco Goya ( )The Tensions of Enlightenment
2Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters , No Francisco Goya, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters , No. 43 from Los Caprichos (The Caprices) ; published 1799 Etching and aquatint 21.6 x 15.2 cm.
3Francisco Goya, La cometa (The Kite), 1778, tapestry cartoon Francisco Goya, La cometa (The Kite), 1778, tapestry cartoon. 269 x 285 cm. Prado museum, Madrid, Spain.
4FRANCISCO GOYA, The Family of Charles IV, 1800. Oil on canvas, approx FRANCISCO GOYA, The Family of Charles IV, Oil on canvas, approx. 9’ 2” x 11’. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
6Francisco Goya, Clothed Maja and Naked Maja, ca Francisco Goya, Clothed Maja and Naked Maja, ca , oil on canvas, c. 37x75 in. Both in the Prado museum, Madrid
7Francisco Goya, Courtyard with Lunatics, 1793-4, Oil on canvas, c Francisco Goya, Courtyard with Lunatics, , Oil on canvas, c. 17x13in.
8Francisco Goya, The Witches' Sabbath, , oil on canvas, 44 x 31 cm. Madrid, Museo Lázaro Galdiano
9Francisco Goya, Los Chinchillas, No Francisco Goya, Los Chinchillas, No. 50 from Los Caprichos (The Caprices) 1799, etching and aquatint 20.8 x 15.1 cm.
10FRANCISCO GOYA, The Third of May 1808, 1814. Oil on canvas, approx FRANCISCO GOYA, The Third of May 1808, Oil on canvas, approx. 8’ 8” x 11’ 3” Museo del Prado, Madrid. Note the Franciscan priest about to be executed.
11The Prado museum, Madrid, Spain Goya exhibition with The Second of May, 1808 (left) and The Third of May, 1808 (right), both painted in 1814
12Spanish War of Independence against French occupation, 1808-1814 // “Guerrilla” (little war) FRANCISCO GOYA, (left) This is Worse, # 37; (right) Ravages of War, #40, from The Disasters of War series of 82 prints, etching, aquatint, and drypoint, , (left) French execution, mutilated Spanish man impaled on a tree; (right) women raped and murdered. The Spanish guerrillas practiced such atrocities against the French occupiers.
13Francisco GOYA, Disasters of War: Scarred for Life, 1810-20 To see all 80 prints in the series:
14Francisco Goya, The Disasters of War 79: Truth is Dead, ca 1810-20, etching, 7x9in.
15FRANCISCO GOYA, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819–1823 FRANCISCO GOYA, Saturn Devouring One of His Children, 1819–1823. Detail of a detached fresco on canvas, full size approx. 4’ 9” x 2’ 8”. Museo del Prado Madrid. The horrors of both “reason” and “unreason.” Monstrous side of humanity. This painting is one of 14 in a series known as the Black Paintings.