Lots of titles! The title on the cover The titles of all the pieces Alternate titles & translations Titles of sections or movements Series titles Uniform title! (of course!)
Lots of publication information: Recording label (the “publisher”) Label number Recording date Release date Reissue date(s) Reissue number(s) Timings
Combine search terms using Boolean commands Use “compact” as a keyword Titles are searchable from “Contents” or Added Author areas as title or keywords Use “Find on page” to verify the piece is on the disc (Ctrl + F, or Edit Find)
There could be many recording dates There are many titles that may also appear on other CDs The performer is the “author.”
But our CD comes up in the list of CDs with this aria
The title could found be in two places in the cataloging record other than “title” or “uniform title” The piece only runs about eight minutes...so it won’t take up a whole Compact disk Contents (track listing) Added Author-Title lines
For this recording, the uniform title is “Orchestra Music. Selections” and the title says “Viola Concertos”
trauermusik and hindemith and compact Trauermusik and viola and compact
Click on “Details” to verify the piece is on the CD
Concerto for ViolinSymphony No. 3Symphony No 3, Op. 55Symphony in E-Flat MajorString Quartet Op. 16 no. 1Mass
By nickname By number within the genre By opus number By key In another language In a group In an unrelated title! “Eroica” Symphony Symphony No. 3 Symphony Op. 55 Symphony in E-Flat Major Symphonie Nr. 3 in Es-Dur The Symphonies The World’s Greatest Orchestral Music
Elements of a uniform title: Genre (plural) Numbering system Key
COMPOSERS’ WORKS CAN BE NUMBERED MANY WAYS! By the number in the genre By opus number By opus with internal number By index (Verzeichnis) number By scholar’s number String Quartet No. 6 String Quartet Op. 18 String Quartet Op. 18, No. 1 BWV 1006 K. 465 The uniform title uses only one system per composer. Publishers don’t pay attention to uniform titles!
Bach Beethoven Haydn Mozart Schubert Vivaldi Bach Werke Verzeichnis (BWV) Opus numbers; Woo (Werke ohne opus, works without opus number) Hoboken (H.) Köchel (K.) Deutsch (D.) Shhhh don’t ask about Vivaldi ACK! You had to ask about VIVALDI!
RV is the current standard system, but... Sometimes opus numbers are used: La stravaganza : 12 violin concertos, opus 4 Sometimes titles are used: Cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione. N. 1-4
This gets around the problem of uniform titles, symphony nicknames, etc.