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Bell Ringer In your journal, answer these prompts. Use full sentences and write for at least 5 minutes! 1. What do you think is the difference between.

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Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer In your journal, answer these prompts. Use full sentences and write for at least 5 minutes! 1. What do you think is the difference between."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bell Ringer In your journal, answer these prompts. Use full sentences and write for at least 5 minutes! 1. What do you think is the difference between a social protest and a political revolution? 2. Describe an event you have been in, seen, or heard about that you consider to be a social protest.

2 Revolutions & Unifications

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8 Enlightenment Ideas There are New & Better Ways Unpopular Rule We Don’t Like You! Economic Distress Money Problems Social Injustice Being unfair to a group of people Religious Intolerance Being unfair to a religious group Nationalism We are the BEST!

9 NEXT TIME/SOON: We will… You will be able to… Explain the causes and major events of the French Revolution in Today in class… Language Social Studies - Define: Estate, Bastille, Clergy - Describe images of the French Revolution. - Analyze the differences in social classes before the French Revolution. - Identify key events of the French Revolution: National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath Storming of the Bastille Great Fear Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

10 What do you see?

11 July 14, 1789

12 What do you see?

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15 RevolutionS & Unifications Vocabulary 1.Estates 2.Bastille 3.Clergy 4.Coup d’etat 5.Balance of Power 6.Nation-state 7.Nationalism 8.Creole 9.Mulatto 10.Mestizo 11.Viceroy 12.Realpolitik

16 Estates - Social classes in France before the French Revolution Bastille - French prison Clergy - Leaders of the Roman Catholic Church (the First Estate)

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18 Louis XVI

19 Causes of the French Revolution 1.The Enlightenment 2.Influence of the American Revolution 3.Outdated Class System 4.Failing Economy 5.King Louis XVI 6.Peasants’ Situation is Unbearable 7.Harvest Failures

20 1. The Enlightenment  Liberty (freedom)  Equality (fair treatment for all)  Reason  John Locke’s ideas: Government that protects natural rights, especially the right to property  Voltaire attacked noble’s privileges and the Church's authority What kind of government did Locke, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Jefferson NOT like?

21 2. Influence of the American Revolution  American Revolution (1775 to 1783)  Enlightenment ideas in action  France helped the Colonies  Put Louis XVI in debt

22 3. Outdated Class System  First Estate: Clergy (ex. Catholic priest)  Second Estate: Nobles (Rich upper class people)  Third Estate : Peasants (98% of the people were in this class)

23 4. Failing Economy  National Debt = 4 billion Livres ($5.6 billion in 1980 dollars!)  Inefficient and uneven tax system  Varied as to what region you lived in and what estate you were in

24 5. King Louis XVI & Queen Marie-Antoinette  He was a weak King  Indecisive  Marie-Antoinette was allowed “to dispense patronage amongst friends.”

25 6. Peasants Situation was Unbearable Peasants were …  Overtaxed  Land-starved  Subsistence farmers  Paid half of their income to taxes

26 7. Harvest Failures  Failures from 1787 to 1788  Less food available  Higher prices  Businesses failed  Unemployment in the cities

27 Enlightenment Ideas There are New & Better Ways Unpopular Rule We Don’t Like You! Economic Distress Money Problems Social Injustice Being unfair to a group of people Religious Intolerance Being unfair to a religious group Nationalism We are the BEST!

28 French Revolution Movie w/Questions

29 EVENTS OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION 1789

30 1. Outbreak of Revolution  Money problems forced Louis XVI to call the Estates-General into session.  Each Estate could caste ONE vote.  Main disagreement: Representation –Should the estates vote by estate or by individual?

31 2. National Assembly  June 1789: The delegates of the Third Estate declared themselves to be a National Assembly.  This was the beginning of a representative government in France. Abbe Sieyes – “What is the Third Estate? Everything!”

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33 3. Tennis Court Oath  The National Assembly met in a tennis court after being locked out of their meeting room.  They promised to make a new constitution: Tennis Court Oath.  Louis ordered the First and Second Estates to join the National Assembly.  Rumors started that Louis had ordered foreign soldiers to attack the French citizens.

34 4. Storming the Bastille  July 14, 1789: an angry mob stormed a French prison to get gunpowder for their weapons in order to defend the city. What American holiday is similar to July 14, “Bastille Day?

35 July 14, 1789

36 5. The Great Fear  A Great Fear swept through the country –Peasants broke into and burned nobles’ houses –Peasants tore up documents that forced them to pay fees to nobles

37  Late 1789, a mob of women marched to the Palace of Versailles and forced King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette to come to Paris.

38 6. Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen: August 26, 1789  National Assembly abolished (got rid of) all noble privileges  Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen  Declared Natural Rights: –Private property, liberty, security, and resistance to oppression  Declared freedom of speech, religious toleration, and liberty of the press.

39 Worksheet 1.Complete the back of the worksheet. 2.Look at the images from the beginning of class. –You should NOW be able to identify several images!


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