4 Section 1-Polling Question If you were President Lincoln, how would you have treated the South after it lost the Civil War?A. I would have punished the South severely.B. I would have forgiven the states and allowed them to rejoin the Union immediately.C. I would have allowed the southern states to rejoin the Union as soon as they denounced slavery.D. I would have allowed the states to rejoin the Union but not given them representation in government for a certain amount of time.ABCD
5 How did plans to unify the nation differ after the Civil War? Essential QuestionHow did plans to unify the nation differ after the Civil War?
6 Reconstruction Debate The Union was savedNow the challenge was reuniting and rebuilding the countryThe Southern states needed to be readmittedThe Southern economy and society also needed to be rebuiltAmericans disagreed on how this should happenThe period of rebuilding is called ReconstructionAlso refers to the various plans for readmitting the Southern states to the Union
7 Lincoln’s Plan December 1863, during the Civil War Lincoln introduced the Ten Percent PlanWhen 10% of the voters of a state took an oath of loyalty to the Union, the state could form a new governmentAnd adopt a new constitution that banned slaveryLincoln believed that punishing the South would serve no purpose and would only delay healing the torn nation
8 Lincoln’s Plan Continued Lincoln offered amnesty (a pardon)To all white Southerners who were willing to swear loyalty to the UnionExcept Confederate leadersstates under Union occupation (Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee) set up governments under the planBut the Congress refused to seat the states’ representatives
9 The Radicals’ Plan Some Republicans saw Lincoln’s plan too forgiving They favored a more radical approach and were called the Radical RepublicansRadical Republican Thaddeus Stevens said that Southern institutions “must be broken up and relaid, or all our blood and treasure have been spent in vain”Congress was controlled by the Radical Republicans and voted to deny seats to representatives from any state that was readmitted under Lincoln’s plan
10 Wade-Davis Bill July 1864- Congress passed the Wade-Davis Bill To rejoin the Union, a state had to meet several requirements1. A majority of the state’s white males had to swear loyalty to the Union2. Only white males who swore they had not fought against the Union could vote for delegates to a state constitutional convention3. New state constitutions had to ban slaveryThe bill would also ban former Confederates from holding public office
11 Lincoln’s Response Lincoln refused to sign the Wade-Davis Bill But he wanted state governments to form quicklyLincoln wanted order restored in the South as soon as possibleLincoln would have to compromise with the Radical Republicans
12 Section 1Which of the following was a provision of the Wade-Thomas Bill?A. African American males in a state had to swear loyalty to the Union.B. Former Confederates could not hold public office.C. Confederate states could be admitted to the Union even if they kept slavery.D. Half of all delegates to a constitutional convention had to be formerly enslaved people.ABCD
13 The Freedmen’s BureauMarch Lincoln and Congress set up the Freedmen’s BureauThe bureau helped African Americans adjust to freedomIt provided food, clothing, and medical servicesAlso helped freed people acquire land or find work for fair wagesAlso set up schools and gave aid to new African American institutions of higher learningIncluding Atlanta University, Howard University, and Fisk University
14 April 14th, 1865President Lincoln attended a play at Ford’s Theatre in Washington, D.C.John Wilkes Booth entered the private box and shot Lincoln in the headLincoln died hours laterVice President Andrew Johnson became presidentJohn soon revealed his plan for Reconstruction (Called- Restoration)
15 RestorationJohnson’s plan would grant amnesty to most Southerners once they swore loyalty to the UnionHigh-ranking Confederates could be pardoned only by appealing to the presidentThis showed that Johnson wanted to humiliate the leaders who he believed had tricked the South’s people into secedingJohn said only loyal, pardoned whites could vote for delegates to the state constitutional conventionsJohn stated “white men alone must manage the SouthJohnson opposed equal rights for African Americans
16 Restoration Continued States had to denounce secession and ban slavery before reentering the UnionStates also had to ratify the 13th amendment (Abolished slavery in the US)By the end of 1865 all former confederate states had new governments and were ready to rejoin the UnionExcept Texas
17 A B C D What did the Thirteenth Amendment accomplish? Section 1What did the Thirteenth Amendment accomplish?A. It welcomed former Confederate states back into the Union.B. It made secession illegal.C. It pardoned Confederate leaders.D. It abolished slavery throughout the Union.ABCD
18 How did plans to unify the nation differ after the Civil War? Essential QuestionHow did plans to unify the nation differ after the Civil War?-Lincoln wanted to avoid punishing to promote healing, so he offered amnesty to all white Southerners except Confederate leaders-Radical Republicans favored harsher measures that would break up and rebuild the South’s institutions and ban former Confederates from holding office-Johnson wanted to pardon most Southerners but humiliate Confederate leaders
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.