Presentation on theme: "Section 1: Early Steps to Reunion…"— Presentation transcript:
1Section 1: Early Steps to Reunion… Chapter 18: Reconstruction And Changing the South….
2What was Reconstruction… Was the re-building of the south physically, politically, socially and economically after the civil war.Postwar Problems:North:South:
3Issues After The War… Reconstruction of the South. FREEDMEN: Men or Women who had been slavesNearly 4,000,000 Men and Women were now Free and Living in the South.Most had no Land, Jobs, or Education.
4Conflicting Plans for Reconstruction… Some people wanted to punish the southerners severely for their act of treason (secession).Others wanted what was referred to as “an easy peace”…..
5Plans For Reconstruction… 10 % PLAN=EasyWADE - DAVIS BILL= Punitive.
6Ten Percent Plan… Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction. Amnesty: Government Pardon.# 1- A Southern State could reform it’s Government after 10 % of the State took an Oath of Loyalty to the United States.
7Ten Percent Plan…#2: Once the New State was Formed, it had to Abolish Slavery.#3: Once Completed, the New State could Elect Men to Congress.
8Wade-Davis BillRequired the Majority of White Men in each Southern State to Swear Loyalty to the Union, Instead of 10 %.Denied right to Vote or Hold Office for anyone who had volunteered to fight for the Confederacy.
9The Freedmen’s Bureau… Signed 1 month before Lee Surrendered.A Government agency to help Former Slaves.Gave Food and Clothing to them.It also tried to find Jobs for Freedmen.
16The New President… Vice President: Andrew Johnson . Tennessee. Loyal to the Union.
17Johnson’s Plan…Majority of Voters in each Southern State to pledge Loyalty to the United States.All had to Ratify the 13th Amendment.
18Congress Rebels… Southern States all met Johnson’s conditions. Approved their New State Governments in 1865.South Elected New Representatives to Congress.Republicans Outraged.Many of those elected held Office in the Confederacy.