Presentation on theme: "Section 1: Early Steps to Reunion… Chapter 18: Reconstruction And Changing the South…."— Presentation transcript:
Section 1: Early Steps to Reunion… Chapter 18: Reconstruction And Changing the South….
What was Reconstruction…
Issues After The War…
Conflicting Plans for Reconstruction… Some people wanted to punish the southerners severely for their act of treason (secession). Others wanted what was referred to as “an easy peace”…..
Plans For Reconstruction… 10 % PLAN=Easy WADE - DAVIS BILL= Punitive.
Ten Percent Plan… Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction. Amnesty: – Government Pardon. # 1- A Southern State could reform it’s Government after 10 % of the State took an Oath of Loyalty to the United States.
Ten Percent Plan… #2: Once the New State was Formed, it had to Abolish Slavery. #3: Once Completed, the New State could Elect Men to Congress.
Wade-Davis Bill Required the Majority of White Men in each Southern State to Swear Loyalty to the Union, Instead of 10 %. Denied right to Vote or Hold Office for anyone who had volunteered to fight for the Confederacy.
The Freedmen’s Bureau… Signed 1 month before Lee Surrendered. A Government agency to help Former Slaves. Gave Food and Clothing to them. It also tried to find Jobs for Freedmen.
Ford’s Theater (April 14, 1865)
The Assassin John Wilkes Booth
Now He Belongs to the Ages!
The New President… Vice President: Andrew Johnson. Tennessee. Loyal to the Union.
Johnson’s Plan… Majority of Voters in each Southern State to pledge Loyalty to the United States. All had to Ratify the 13 th Amendment.
Congress Rebels… Southern States all met Johnson’s conditions. Approved their New State Governments in South Elected New Representatives to Congress. Republicans Outraged. Many of those elected held Office in the Confederacy.