Presentation on theme: "Section 1: Early Steps to Reunion…"— Presentation transcript:
1 Section 1: Early Steps to Reunion… Chapter 18: Reconstruction And Changing the South….
2 What was Reconstruction… Was the re-building of the south physically, politically, socially and economically after the civil war.Postwar Problems:North:South:
3 Issues After The War… Reconstruction of the South. FREEDMEN: Men or Women who had been slavesNearly 4,000,000 Men and Women were now Free and Living in the South.Most had no Land, Jobs, or Education.
4 Conflicting Plans for Reconstruction… Some people wanted to punish the southerners severely for their act of treason (secession).Others wanted what was referred to as “an easy peace”…..
5 Plans For Reconstruction… 10 % PLAN=EasyWADE - DAVIS BILL= Punitive.
6 Ten Percent Plan… Lincoln’s Plan for Reconstruction. Amnesty: Government Pardon.# 1- A Southern State could reform it’s Government after 10 % of the State took an Oath of Loyalty to the United States.
7 Ten Percent Plan…#2: Once the New State was Formed, it had to Abolish Slavery.#3: Once Completed, the New State could Elect Men to Congress.
8 Wade-Davis BillRequired the Majority of White Men in each Southern State to Swear Loyalty to the Union, Instead of 10 %.Denied right to Vote or Hold Office for anyone who had volunteered to fight for the Confederacy.
9 The Freedmen’s Bureau… Signed 1 month before Lee Surrendered.A Government agency to help Former Slaves.Gave Food and Clothing to them.It also tried to find Jobs for Freedmen.
16 The New President… Vice President: Andrew Johnson . Tennessee. Loyal to the Union.
17 Johnson’s Plan…Majority of Voters in each Southern State to pledge Loyalty to the United States.All had to Ratify the 13th Amendment.
18 Congress Rebels… Southern States all met Johnson’s conditions. Approved their New State Governments in 1865.South Elected New Representatives to Congress.Republicans Outraged.Many of those elected held Office in the Confederacy.