Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction What were the effects of the Civil War? What happened to the South after the Civil War?"— Presentation transcript:
Reconstruction What were the effects of the Civil War? What happened to the South after the Civil War?
Questions following the Civil War What to do with former slaves? Should Southerners be punished? What to do with the rebellious states? What impact will this have on the economy of the South? And National economy?
Back together! The North wanted to reunite the Union The South wanted to secede The North won!
So now what? The South was destroyed physically
They needed to rebuild! But how?!
Lincoln’s vision was to rebuild the nation rather than punish the south. I just want a quick and easy end to the war!
Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan Ten percent of the population of each southern state had to swear loyalty to the United States Except for high ranking officers, all confederate soldiers would be pardoned He did not demand equality for African Americans The state could set up a new government ▫As long as the government set free all slaves
Congress thought Lincoln’s plan was too generous, so they didn’t pass his plan
Radical Republicans Plan ▫Wanted a harsh punishment for the south They passed the Wade Davis Bill ▫Required over 50% of a state to swear loyalty to the US ▫Demanded equality for African Americans
Lincolns 10% plan was not approved by Congress Lincoln vetoed Congress’ Wade- Davis Bill
Until new state governments could be created in southern states, Congress put the south under military control
Lincoln is Assassinated
Andrew Johnson (Lincoln’s Vice President) becomes President I don’t like any of these plans! I’m going to make my own!
Johnson’s plan: Restoration Each state had to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment ▫Abolishing slavery Confederate leaders had to write to Johnson and ask him to be pardoned Did not require states to give equality to African Americans
Congress and Reconstruction The Radical Republicans hated Johnson Despite his plan, they put their own force into Reconstruction Passed the Civil Rights Act (1866) Passed the 14 th Amendment ▫Gave citizenship to African Americans No person (regardless of races) will be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law