Presentation on theme: "Reconstruction What were the effects of the Civil War?"— Presentation transcript:
1Reconstruction What were the effects of the Civil War? What happened to the South after the Civil War?
2Questions following the Civil War What to do with former slaves?Should Southerners be punished?What to do with the rebellious states?What impact will this have on the economy of the South? And National economy?
10I just want a quick and easy end to the war! Lincoln’s vision was to rebuild the nation rather than punish the south.I just want a quick and easy end to the war!
11Lincoln’s Ten Percent Plan Ten percent of the population of each southern state had to swear loyalty to the United StatesExcept for high ranking officers, all confederate soldiers would be pardonedHe did not demand equality for African AmericansThe state could set up a new governmentAs long as the government set free all slaves
12Congress thought Lincoln’s plan was too generous, so they didn’t pass his plan
19Andrew Johnson (Lincoln’s Vice President) becomes President I don’t like any of these plans! I’m going to make my own!
20Johnson’s plan: Restoration Each state had to ratify the Thirteenth AmendmentAbolishing slaveryConfederate leaders had to write to Johnson and ask him to be pardonedDid not require states to give equality to African Americans
21Congress and Reconstruction The Radical Republicans hated JohnsonDespite his plan, they put their own force into ReconstructionPassed the Civil Rights Act (1866)Passed the 14th AmendmentGave citizenship to African AmericansNo person (regardless of races) will be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law