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European Painting Review 40 questions that will appear in some form on the next test. Click the forward arrow to advance to the next slide. Kalamazoo Valley.

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Presentation on theme: "European Painting Review 40 questions that will appear in some form on the next test. Click the forward arrow to advance to the next slide. Kalamazoo Valley."— Presentation transcript:

1 European Painting Review 40 questions that will appear in some form on the next test. Click the forward arrow to advance to the next slide. Kalamazoo Valley Community College Humanities 101 Scott Myers

2 1. The Reformation Led to what new branch of Christianity?

3 1. The Reformation Led to what new branch of Christianity? Protestantism.

4 2. Martin Luther According to him, who was responsible for each individual Christian’s salvation?

5 2. Martin Luther Each individual Christian him or herself. According to him, who was responsible for each individual Christian’s salvation?

6 3. Art in Northern Europe after the Reformation Rather than religious subjects, artists in Northern Europe spent most of their time on these four types of paintings.

7 3. Art in Northern Europe after the Reformation Rather than religious subjects, artists in Northern Europe spent most of their time on these four types of paintings. Genre painting Landscape Portraits Still life

8 Pieter Saenredam: Interior of St. Bavo, Haarlem (1636) 4. What aspect of the Reformation does this picture illustrate?

9 Pieter Saenredam: Interior of St. Bavo, Haarlem (1636) 4. What aspect of the Reformation does this picture illustrate? Iconoclasm

10 5. Name the artist and two characteristics of his work exemplified in these two works.

11 Extraordinary detail Unique sense of light Calm interior scenes, often of similar composition Jan Vermeer.

12 6. The use of light and dark to create three- dimensional, modeled surfaces is ________________________.

13 7. Dramatic contrasts of light and dark with little in between is ________________________. Chiaroscuro.

14 6. The use of light and dark to create three- dimensional, modeled surfaces is ________________________. 7. Dramatic contrasts of light and dark with little in between is ________________________. Chiaroscuro. Tenebrism.

15 8. Name the artist and two characteristics of his work exemplified in these two works.

16 Rembrandt van Rijn. Chiaroscuro Tenebrism Interest in individual psychology Sophisticated brush technique

17 9. Johnny Cash’s video for the song “Hurt” could be compared to still-life painting known as this.

18 9. Johnny Cash’s video for the song “Hurt” could be compared to still-life painting known as this. Memento Mori Vanitas

19 10. In a Dutch still-life of the 17th century like this one, the object circled could be seen as a symbol of what?

20 10. In a Dutch still-life of the 17th century like this one, the object circled could be seen as a symbol of what? The impermance of the things of this world. The inevitability of death.

21 11. This painting by Caravaggio is an example of his emphasis on what?

22 11. This painting by Caravaggio is an example of his emphasis on what? Drama

23 12. The model for this painting of the death of the Virgin Mary was whom?

24 12. The model for this painting of the death of the Virgin Mary was whom? A local prostitute.

25 13. Caravaggio used real people and easily-understood situations in his paintings. Why?

26 13. Caravaggio used real people and easily-understood situations in his paintings. Why? He wanted them to be accessible to the average viewer in the local church.

27 14. Which work is by Caravaggio and which by Artimisa Gentilleschi? A.B.

28 14. Which work is by Caravaggio and which by Artimisa Gentilleschi? Gentileschi Caravaggio A.B.

29 15. What does the artist do to make the composition of this work more energetic?

30 15. What does the artist do to make the composition of this work more energetic? Swirling lines emphasize movement.

31 16. Below are details from two works by the same artist. Name the artist and the “syndrome” Sister Wendy said he suffers from.

32 16. Below are details from two works by the same artist. Name the artist and the “syndrome” Sister Wendy said he suffers from. Peter Paul Rubens “Fat Lady Syndrome”

33 17. Who is this and what is the significance of his attire?

34 17. Who is this and what is the significance of his attire? Louis XIV.Louis XIV. He dictated style in all aspects of French society to suit his tastes.He dictated style in all aspects of French society to suit his tastes.

35 18. Why could Louis XIV get away with this?

36 18. Why could Louis XIV get away with this? Absolute Monarch.

37 19. What is the significance of this symbol to Louis XIV?

38 Louis XIV was known as the Sun King. 19. What is the significance of this symbol to Louis XIV?

39 20. What is this building and what is its significance to Louis XIV?

40 Palace of Versailles.Palace of Versailles. Built by Louis XIV outside Paris. Moved entire court there.Built by Louis XIV outside Paris. Moved entire court there. 20. What is this building and what is its significance to Louis XIV?

41 21. What is this building and what is its significance to Louis XIV?

42 21. What is this building and what is its significance to the man in question #1? The Louvre, Paris.The Louvre, Paris. The museum was the traditional home of French monarchs until Louis rejected it in favor of Versailles.The museum was the traditional home of French monarchs until Louis rejected it in favor of Versailles. 21. What is this building and what is its significance to Louis XIV?

43 22. What style of painting is this? How can you tell?

44 Rococo.Rococo. ElaborateElaborate DelicateDelicate FrivolousFrivolous DecorativeDecorative EroticErotic Lots of cupidsLots of cupids CuteCute InnocentInnocent ? Boucher: The Rape of Europa

45 23. One thing Watteau’s two versions of this painting may show is what?

46 Watteau: The Embarkation for the Island of Cythera In the Rococo period, artists had to respond to the demands of the market, i.e. their aristocratic customers.

47 24. What style of painting is this? How can you tell?

48 Neoclassical.Neoclassical. Classical architectureClassical architecture Symmetrical compositionSymmetrical composition “Statuesque” figures“Statuesque” figures Democratic (story from the Roman Republic)Democratic (story from the Roman Republic) Jacques-Louis David: The Oath of the Horatii

49 25. What is this man doing with his right hand in his vest?

50 25. What is this man doing with his right hand in his vest? Nothing. It was a normal portrait pose in the 19 th century.

51 26. Jacques-Louis David’s student Jean-Auguste- Dominique Ingres was also a favorite painter of Napoleon’s. Like many of Ingres’ clients, Napoleon would have appreciated this...

52 Great attention to the details of his clothing.

53 27. What was the artist’s reason for depicting this woman the way he does?

54 27. What was the artist’s reason for depicting this woman the way he does? Ingres’ personal taste/response to the subject.Ingres’ personal taste/response to the subject. Distortion of the body to suit his vision.Distortion of the body to suit his vision. Interest in exotic lands.Interest in exotic lands.

55 28. In addition to paintings like this by Caspar David Friedrich, this style produced works like Frankenstein, Dracula, and the stories of Edgar Allan Poe...

56 28. In addition to paintings like this by Caspar David Friedrich, this style produced works like Frankenstein, Dracula, and the stories of Edgar Allan Poe...Romanticism

57 29. What’s going on here?

58 Legendary Assyrian king who decided to have all his possessions - human, animal, and inanimate - destroyed and to kill himself rather than allow his enemies to take them in battle. Eugene Delacroix: The Death of Sardanapalus

59 30. What did the Romantics like about this story?

60 His extreme emotional response to adversity. It wasn’t a good response, but he was fully committed to it. Also exotic locale.

61 Francisco de Goya: The Black Paintings 31. Same thing is going on here…

62 Francisco de Goya: The Black Paintings INTENSE (extreme) FEELINGINTENSE (extreme) FEELING 31. Same thing is going on here…

63 32. What did Frederic Edwin Church and other American Romantic landscape painters see in nature?

64 God. Divinity. Representation of God’s glory. 32. What did Frederic Edwin Church and other American Romantic landscape painters see in nature?

65 Henry Fuseli: The Nightmare 33. What two characteristics of Romanticism are in seen in this painting?

66 Henry Fuseli: The Nightmare INDIVIDUALISM (psychology)INDIVIDUALISM (psychology) SUPERNATURALSUPERNATURAL 33. What two characteristics of Romanticism are in seen in this painting?

67 34. Who are these people and why did Millet paint them?

68 34. Who are these people and why did Millet paint them? The Gleaners.The Gleaners. Show the people of France how hard it was to be a peasant in hopes of improving their lives.Show the people of France how hard it was to be a peasant in hopes of improving their lives.

69 AB 35. Why did the French Academies prefer A to B?

70 Mythological subject.Mythological subject. Modeled figures, realistic lighting.Modeled figures, realistic lighting. Idealized.Idealized. Modern subject.Modern subject. Flat figures, unrealistic lighting.Flat figures, unrealistic lighting. Not idealized.Not idealized. AB

71 Eduard Manet - Déjeuner sur l’herbe 36. This painting started what movement in painting?

72 Eduard Manet - Déjeuner sur l’herbe 36. This painting started what movement in painting?Impressionism

73 37. How did the Impressionists’ interest in Manet’s new approach to painting change the history of art?

74 37. How did the Impressionists’ interest in Manet’s new approach to painting change the history of art? Took less time to paint.Took less time to paint. More work to sell.More work to sell. Lower prices.Lower prices. More customers.More customers. Possible to make a living as artist, independent of the academic authorities.Possible to make a living as artist, independent of the academic authorities.

75 Claude Monet: Impression, Sunrise 38. This painting gave what movement its name?

76 Claude Monet: Impression, SunriseImpressionism 38. This painting gave what movement its name?

77 39. Because artists combined an emphasis on a personal interpretation with bright color, Post- Impressionism could be seen as a combination of these two styles that originated earlier.

78 Romanticism & Impressionism 39. Because artists combined an emphasis on a personal interpretation with bright color, Post- Impressionism could be seen as a combination of these two styles that originated earlier.

79 40. These two paintings by van Gogh show...

80 The importance of the time van Gogh and Gauguin lived together in Arles, in the south of France.The importance of the time van Gogh and Gauguin lived together in Arles, in the south of France. How van Gogh saw Gauguin as a leader and an inspiration.How van Gogh saw Gauguin as a leader and an inspiration. They reflect van Gogh’s simplified approach to color compared to Gauguin’sThey reflect van Gogh’s simplified approach to color compared to Gauguin’s


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