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Enhancing the Competitiveness of Croatian Economy through Smart Specialisation “2nd Training Workshop on Smart Specialisation for South East European countries”

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Presentation on theme: "Enhancing the Competitiveness of Croatian Economy through Smart Specialisation “2nd Training Workshop on Smart Specialisation for South East European countries”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Enhancing the Competitiveness of Croatian Economy through Smart Specialisation “2nd Training Workshop on Smart Specialisation for South East European countries” Skopje, November

2 EU 2020 Europe 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade EU wants to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. These three mutually reinforcing priorities should help the EU and the Member States deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion EU has set five ambitious objectives - on employment, innovation, education, social inclusion and climate/energy - to be reached by Each Member State has adopted its own national targets in each of these areas Concrete actions at EU and national levels underpin the strategy

3 Croatia/Europe 2020 headline targets

4 S3 - Context Key objective for EU-economy is increasing competitiveness through “smart, inclusive and sustainable growth” (Europe 2020 strategy, 2010) Key objective is broken down in 11 thematic objectives, to be achieved through sectoral and regional policy interventions EU-Cohesion Policy, Horizon 2020, and funding for programming period will be closely related to Europe 2020 strategy Smart Specialisation Strategy (S3) is ex-ante conditionality for investments from ERDF in research and innovation (R&I) and access/quality of ICT-infrastructure in each EU-Member State

5 Smart Specialisation in Croatia Will focus on those niches and S&T-areas where Croatia has prospects for smart, inclusive and sustainable growth, building on the country’s strengths, comparative advantages and potential for excellence Will concentrate policy support and investments on key national priorities, challenges and needs for knowledge-based development, including ICT- related measures Is based on a broader concept of innovation, not only investment in research or the manufacturing sector, but also building competitiveness through design and creative industries, social and service innovation, new business models and practice-based innovation Should make bridge between sectoral analyses/strategies and development of OP-priorities , with a longer term perspective

6 COMPETITIVE CROATIA STRATEGY FOR BOOSTING COMPETITIVENESS How can we effect competitiveness? 4C Priorities carefully selected based on territorial capital and smart specialization COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE Match R&D and innovation capacities with priority sector needs CHOICES AND CRITICAL MASS COLLABORATIVE LEADERSHIP Effective innovation system based on public and private partnerships CLUSTERS AND CONNECTIVITY Cluster development and connecting business, science and government

7 Identified sectors of importance to Croatia Sectors with high added value (pharmaceuticals and medical equipment production, chemical industry, automobile industry, defense industry, electrical and mechanical machines and equipment production, ICT, creative industry, construction industry) Traditional sectors with territorial capital (food-processing industry, wood processing industry, the maritime industry, textile industry) Horizontal sectors: biotechnology, nanotechnology, micro-and nano-electronics and photonics, advanced materials and technologies

8 Competitiveness Clusters Cluster Policy in Croatia BUSINESS CLUSTERS Improving competitiveness of Enterprises Ministry of Entrepreneurship and Crafts COMPETITIVE CLUSTERS Improving competitiveness of Croatian Economy Ministry of Economy Croatian cluster

9 Croatian Competitiveness Cluster Sector specific non-profit organization which brings together the business, scientific and policy making communities in a formal structure. Stakeholders in combination, represent the ‘Triple Helix’ concept. The intention is to gather the best players in their field – small, medium and large companies, business clusters, public and science and research institutions in order to develop synergies and cooperative efforts. The final outcome of this synergy will be increased national Sector competitiveness. Public Sector Business Sector R&D and Science Institutions

10 Competitiveness Cluster – Horizontal technology platforms AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY SECTOR WOOD-PROCESSING INDUSTRY CREATIVE INDUSTRY FOOD-PROCESSING INDUSTRY CHEMICAL INDUSTRY DEFENCE INDUSTRY ELECTRO AND PRODUCTION MACHINERY, TECHNOLOGY AND EQUIPMENT HEALTH INDUSTRY ICT I MARITIME INDUSTRY TEXTILE INDUSTRY CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY (AGRO-FOOD PLATFORM) (WOOD PLATFORM) (AUTO PLATFORM) (MARITIME PLATFORM) (ENERGY&ENVIRONMENT PLATFORM) (MEHATRONIC AND ROBOTIC PLATFORM) (BUILDING&CONSTRUCTION PLATFORM) (ICT&CREATIVE PLATFORM) (NANO PLATFORM) (BIO&LIFE-SCIENCE PLATFORM) (ADVANCE MATERIALS AND PHOTONIC) (MICRO&NANO ELECTRONICS PLATFORM)

11 The EU membership and the Republic of Croatia In the period from 1 July to 31 December 2013, million euros is allocated from the EU budget, mostly from the structural instruments of the Cohesion policy (449.4 million euros) For the same period the Republic of Croatia has to pay million euros, which makes Croatia net recipient country (potential) In the period from cca 7.5 billion euros will be available to the Republic of Croatia

12 Main challenges Under-developed knowledge based growth factors and insufficient infrastructure Protecting the environment and natural resources and adapting to climate change Low labour market participation, inefficient education system and a difficult social situation Inefficient public governance at central/local level and weak involvement of partners

13 Thematic objectives 1.strengthening research, technological development and innovation 2.enhancing access to, and use and quality of, information and communication technologies (ICT) 3. enhancing the competitiveness of SMEs, the agricultural sector and the fisheries and aquaculture sector 4. supporting the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectors 5. promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management 6. protecting the environment and promoting cultural and natural assets 7. promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures 8. promoting employment and supporting labour mobility 9. promoting social inclusion and combating poverty 10. investing in education, skills and lifelong learning 11. enhancing institutional capacity and an efficient public administration

14 Funding priority: Strenghtening the competitiveness of the economy Strenghtening Croatia´s innovation profile through smart specialisation Supporting the modernisation and competitiveness of enterprises The extension and upgrading of the transport and ICT infrastructure

15 Positioning of S3 in Croatian context

16 Approach in S3-design

17 Bodies involved in S3-design and their composition MANAGEMENT AND DRAFTING TEAM Ministry of Economy S3 Expert team INTER-MINISTERIAL WORKING GROUP MoE, MRDFEU, MSES, MEC, MLPS, MINT, MoA, MC, MFAEU, MMATI, HAMAG INVEST, AIC, ARD, BICRO, Central Bureau of Statistics, HUP, National Science Foundation PARTNERSHIP CONSULTATION GROUP CoE, CoC, HBOR, Universities, local self governments, counties&county development agencies, IMO, EIZ, IRB, Competitiveness Clusters, FINA INTER-MINISTERIAL STEERING GROUP line ministries Office of Prime Minister

18 Steps in S3-design (*) 1.Analysis of national/regional context and potential for innovation and competitiveness 2.Governance: ensuring participation and ownership 3.Elaboration of overall vision for the future 4.Identification of priorities 5.Definition of coherent policy mix, roadmaps and action plan 6.Integration of monitoring and evaluation mechanisms (*) EC, Guide to Research and Innovation Strategies for Smart Specialisations (RIS3), 2012

19 S3 - prioritisation process

20 Criteria competitiveness and innovation scan Top down approach  Croatia’s performance in global perspective  Contribution to GVA and employment per economic sector, 2012 and recent development  Productivity in industry per economic sector  Profitability in industry per economic sector  Export performance in industry per economic sector  Educational profile in industry per economic sector  Foreign Direct Investment in industry per economic sector  Growth perspectives per economic sector (EU, globally) Bottom up approach (Entrepreneurial signalling mechanisms)  Penetration of Key Enabling Technologies per economic sector/clusters  Level and type of innovation (process, product, service, organisational, marketing) per economic sector/cluster  Position and upgrading possibilities in value chain  Named company use of R&D tax credits  Granted patents to EU/ USA and Japan attributed to HR inventors and HR enterprises EU and national funding secured by individual companies  Technology needs per economic sector/cluster

21 Criteria science&technology scan Top down approach  EU Member States comparative strengths  R&D investment by economic sector  Patent applications/grants and citations by technology field  Publications and citations by scientific field  Funding secured by priority area (FP7) Bottom up approach (Entrepreneurial signalling mechanisms)  Named company use of R&D tax credits  Publication quality and impact attributed to individual research groups  Granted patents to EU/ USA and Japan attributed to HR inventors and HR enterprises  EU and national funding secured by individual research groups (FP7 RegPot, Proof of Concepts)  Technology mapping of individual research groups (expert opinion)

22 Follow-up Steps Inter-ministerial WG Meeting PSC Meeting First results from analyses (competitiveness, R&D/S&T) Identification of priorities for S3 Challenges, vision and strategic objectives First ideas on policy mix and governance

23 Thank you Directorate for Industry, Investments and EU Programmes and Projects Ministry of Economy Republic of Croatia


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