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SEPSIS KILLS program Paediatric Inpatients. Learning Objectives Recognise that sepsis is a medical emergency Identify the risk factors, signs and symptoms.

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Presentation on theme: "SEPSIS KILLS program Paediatric Inpatients. Learning Objectives Recognise that sepsis is a medical emergency Identify the risk factors, signs and symptoms."— Presentation transcript:

1 SEPSIS KILLS program Paediatric Inpatients

2 Learning Objectives Recognise that sepsis is a medical emergency Identify the risk factors, signs and symptoms Outline the escalation of the septic patient Define the initial A-G management actions Discuss the requirements for 48 hour sepsis management including referral Apply the pathway to a case study

3 Paediatric Sepsis Many paediatric sepsis related deaths are preventable Sepsis is one of the leading causes of death in children Mortality rates are as high as 10%

4 Sepsis continuum Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Infection Sepsis Severe Sepsis Septic Shock Increasing Mortality

5 Sepsis recognition & management …..is there a problem in your facility?

6 Sepsis program linkages with other paediatric resources

7 Surviving Sepsis Campaign Infuse 20ml/kg 0.9% sodium chloride bolus over no more than 10 minutes Rapid administration of antibiotic therapy BP is not a reliable target. Treatment should be titrated to clinical signs of adequate cardiac output -Heart rate in normal range -Improved capillary refill time -Improved LOC -Urine output ≥ 1ml/kg/hr Early intubation recommended

8 Pitfalls……. Sepsis is a difficult diagnosis to make Often under appreciate the mortality Do not see sepsis as time critical

9 Sepsis is a medical emergency You can make a difference for patients in this hospital

10 Provide clear guidelines regarding sepsis notification escalation and initial management Early involvement of senior clinicians in diagnosis and management of sepsis Prompt administration of resuscitation fluids Prompt administration of antibiotics (goal is within one hour of recognition) Timely referral, clinical supervision and escalation Sepsis Pathway aims to:

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18 Case Study

19 20:0922:00 7 year old girl Admitted via the Emergency Department with 3 day history of flu-like symptoms Preliminary diagnosis of asthma 7 year old girl Admitted via the Emergency Department with 3 day history of flu-like symptoms Preliminary diagnosis of asthma Transferred to the ward

20 Bloods VBG: pH 7.31; BE -5.3mmol/L Lactate 3.4mmol/L; CO 2 48mmHg Bloods VBG: pH 7.31; BE -5.3mmol/L Lactate 3.4mmol/L; CO 2 48mmHg RA A FD 21

21 22:0023:1000:42 C/O “tummy pain” Reviewed by RMO Given analgesia +  ventolin 2/24 Oral antibiotics ordered C/O “tummy pain” Reviewed by RMO Given analgesia +  ventolin 2/24 Oral antibiotics ordered Arrive on ward Observations stable Arrive on ward Observations stable

22                Sepsis pathway activated with obs in Yellow Zone and deterioration despite treatment RARA RA

23 22:0000:4201:3001:46 SPO2 drop to 91% with NP O2 3 rd review by RMO Ordered IV antibiotics SPO2 drop to 91% with NP O2 3 rd review by RMO Ordered IV antibiotics 2 nd Clinical Review Obs in Yellow Zone and “looks tired” 2 nd Clinical Review Obs in Yellow Zone and “looks tired” Bloods 01:46 Repeat VBG pH 7. 35; CO 2 52mmHg; BE -7.1mmol/L; Lactate 5.6mmol/L; Bloods 01:46 Repeat VBG pH 7. 35; CO 2 52mmHg; BE -7.1mmol/L; Lactate 5.6mmol/L;

24                      RARA RA6LH

25 01:3002:1002:2002:40 Refusing to keep Hudson mask on SPO 2 91% with NP oxygen Becomes irritable Refusing to keep Hudson mask on SPO 2 91% with NP oxygen Becomes irritable IVAB administered Bloods 02:30 Repeat VBG pH 7.19 CO2 57mmHg; BE -7.1mmol, Lactate 6.3mmol/L Bloods 02:30 Repeat VBG pH 7.19 CO2 57mmHg; BE -7.1mmol, Lactate 6.3mmol/L Now grunting as Hudson mask held on by RN Administered ventolin nebuliser and IV hydrocortisone Now grunting as Hudson mask held on by RN Administered ventolin nebuliser and IV hydrocortisone

26 03:0504:1004:26 Reviewed by paediatrician Requested repeat CXR Contacts NETS requesting transfer to tertiary hospital Reviewed by paediatrician Requested repeat CXR Contacts NETS requesting transfer to tertiary hospital Nil improvement Paediatrician contacted Nil improvement Paediatrician contacted 10ml/kg 0.9% sodium chloride bolus and IV ceftriaxone and fluclox

27                             RARA RA6L 6L 

28 04:2605:0006:00 Asystole CPR 07:20 2 nd arrest Significant deterioration Difficulty keeping SPO 2 >88% (NRB) Significant deterioration Difficulty keeping SPO 2 >88% (NRB) Rapid Response call made Decision to intubate Rapid Response call made Decision to intubate NETS arrive Adrenaline infusion commenced Arrested while transferring on to equipment NETS arrive Adrenaline infusion commenced Arrested while transferring on to equipment

29 Aystole CPR 07:20 2 nd arrest Post mortem

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33 What is the evidence for urgent delivery of first dose antibiotics and aggressive fluid resuscitation?

34 Antibiotics For each hour of delay to administration of antibiotics, after the onset of hypotension, there is a 7.6% increase in mortality (in adults) Kumar Crit Care Med 2006

35 Oliveira et al Time-and fluid- sensitive resuscitation for haemodynamic support of children in septic shock. Pediatr Emerg Care 2008 Time - and Fluid - Sensitive Resuscitation for Hemodynamic Support of Children in Septic Shock

36 “For every hour a child remains in shock their mortality rate doubles” 91 children retrieved to Pittsburgh for “septic shock”

37 Points to remember Senior clinician review is crucial Beware of a lactate over 2mmol/L Not all children with sepsis will be febrile Persistent tachycardia is often consistent with sepsis For every hour a child remains in shock their mortality rate doubles Sepsis is an emergency Rapid antibiotic therapy and early aggressive fluid resuscitation improves survival

38 SEPSIS KILLS TIME IS LIFE Recognise Resuscitate Refer


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