2History is the study of events over time. Looking at the EarthHistory is the study of events over time.900 AD1492 AD2000 BC1621 AD
3Geography - the study of distribution and interaction of physical and human features on the earth.
4Five Themes of Geography Geographers use a variety of tools:MapsPhotographsChartsGraphs and TablesScale ModelsFive Themes of Geography
5Five Themes of Geography Location: where is it?Place: what is it like?Region: how are places similar or different?Human-Environment Interaction: how do people relate to the physical world?Movement: how do people goods, and ideas move from one place to another?
6LOCATION Where is it?Absolute Location: the exact place on earth where a geographic feature, such a city, is found.Relative Location: describes a place in comparison to other places around it.
7Imaginary lines north and and south from the equator. LatitudeImaginary lines north and and south from the equator.EquatorNS10020030000900WEPrime Meridian100200300001800LongitudeImaginary lines east and west from the Prime Meridian.
8Together, latitude and longitude form a GRID SYSTEM.
9Locate the following using the map on pages A4-A5. 1. City closest to 30S / 150E2. Country bounded by 0S, 15S, 15E, 30E3. City closest to 60N / 45E4. Islands between 15N, 30N, 150W, 165W5. Country through which 75N, 40W pass6. You are at 15S / 90E. Do you need a car or a boat?7. What is at 90N / 180W?8. Country through which 55N, 0E pass.
10HemispheresThe Earth is divided at the equator into two halves. Each half is called a hemisphere or half-circle.N900Northern HemisphereEquator00Southern HemisphereS900
11Use the map on pages A2-A3 to determine the hemisphere in which each place is located. Write North or South.1. United States2. Congo Basin3. Rio de Janeiro4. Gobi Desert5. Red Sea6. Cape Horn
12The Earth is also divided east and west. HemispheresThe Earth is also divided east and west.Western HemisphereEastern HemisphereWestern HemisphereEastern HemisphereInternational Dateline 1800 LongitudePrime Meridian 00 Longitude
13Use the map on pages A2-A3 to determine the hemisphere in which each place is located. Write East or West.1. Siberia2. Aleutian Islands3. Puerto Rico4. Arabian Peninsula5. Andes Mountains6. Mariana Islands
14PLACEWhat is it like?ClimateBridgesVegetationBuildingsLandforms
15Using the categories listed on the previous page as a starting point, make a list of everything you can think of that would describe Houston to someone who has never been here.Work with your partner. You have five minutes.
16REGION How are places similar or different? Three types of regionsFormal Regions: defined byClimate CultureVegetation Continental areaLand use
17REGIONFunctional Regions: defined interactions and connections between places.Perceptual Regions: defined by what people perceive or “see” as characteristic of the region.
18HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION How do people relate to the physical world? HousesCropsProtectionEngineeringAnimalsFood SourcesJobsTransportationClothes
19HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT INTERACTION With your partner, brainstorm examples of how people living in the Houston area interact with their environment. Use the examples on the previous page as a starting point. You have 5 minutes.
20MOVEMENT How do people goods, and ideas move from one place to another? Linear Distance: how farTime Distance: how longPsychological Distance: how far away we think or feel a place is.
21MOVEMENTWorking with your partner, brainstorm at least one example of each of the three types of distance. You have 5 minutes.