Presentation on theme: "BORDERNETwork Training on Late Presenter Dr. med. Wolfgang Güthoff / Alexander Leffers, M.A. www.bordernet.eu www.aidshilfe-potsdam.de."— Presentation transcript:
BORDERNETwork Training on Late Presenter Dr. med. Wolfgang Güthoff / Alexander Leffers, M.A.
This presentation arises from the BORDERNETwork project which has received funding from the European Union, in the framework of the Health Program, and co- funding of the Ministry of Environment, Health and Consumer Protection of the Federal State of Brandenburg. The sole responsibility of any use that may be made of the information lies with the authors (SPI, AIDS-Hilfe Potsdam e.V.)
Definition of „Late Presenter“ Definition: In the HIV initial diagnosis Quantity of CD4 cells < 200 cells/µl and/or Aids defining disease
Late Presenter – a global phenomenon Low median CD4 cells quantity at the begin of HAART: Observation period 42 countries 176 centre’s patients
Excursus: HIV in Germany Source: Robert Koch-Institut Year of the HIV diagnosis HIV in Germany (February 2009) Quantity of CD4 cells/µl in HIV initial diagnosis Age >= 15 years
Excursus: Newly diagnosed HIV cases in 2010 in EvB Klinikum Potsdam NoAge (Years)SexStageCD4-cells 123mA mA mA wA mA mC mC mC32 930mC wC328
The relevance of an early HIV diagnosis A therapy of HIV can be initiated at the optimal moment Opportunistic infections will be prevented Improvement of the complete prognosis With delayed begin of the therapy is the immune reconstitution rarely complete Transmission risks will be reduced
Strategy for an early HIV diagnosis Testing on HIV when a so called AIDS defining disease occurs Testing on HIV when diseases and results occur, which are related in general to a HIV infection
HIV – Indicator diseases and -symptoms STRATEGY FOR AN EARLY DIAGNOSIS (I) HIV testing, if diseases and results are often connected to an infection with HIV, the so called indicator diseases Sexually Transmitted Diseases Malign Lymphoma Cervical Dysplasia / Anal Dysplasia Herpes Zoster Symptoms similar to Mononucleosis Leukopenia Thrombopenia Seborrheic Dermatitis
AIDS defined diseases STRATEGY FOR AN EARLY DIAGNOSIS (II) HIV – testing, if a so called AIDS defined diseases occurs: Bacterial pneumonia, recurrent (≥2 episodes in 12 months) Candidiasis, esophageal Cervical carcinoma Coccidioidomycosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary Cryptococcosis, extrapulmonary Cryptosporidiosis, chronic intestinal (>1-month duration) Cytomegalovirus disease (other than liver, spleen, or nodes) Encephalopathy, HIV-related Herpes simplex: chronic ulcers (>1- month duration), or bronchitis, pneumonitis, or esophagitis Histoplasmosis, disseminated or extrapulmonary Isosporiasis, chronic intestinal (>1- month duration) Kaposi sarcoma Lymphoma fever ≥1 month Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), disseminated or extrapulmonary Mycobacterium tuberculosis Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly carinii ) pneumonia (PCP) Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) Salmonella septicemia, recurrent (nontyphoid) Toxoplasmosis of brain Wasting syndrome due to HIV (involuntary weight loss >10% of baseline body weight) associated with either chronic diarrhea (≥2 loose stools per day ≥1 month) or chronic weakness and documented fever ≥1 month
LATE PRESENTERS SUMMARY To avoid a late diagnosis: As physician: Think about HIV and offer your patient HIV testing, if: AIDS defined diseases occur indicator diseases occur or situations with a high risk of infection happened.