5PHILOSOPHY(FROM Greek philos, meaning “lover” and sophia, meaning “wisdom”)The great virtue of philosophy is that it teaches not what to think, but how to think. It is the study of meaning, of the principles underlying conduct, thought and knowledge.
6REASON Practical reason has to do with acting to realize the goal Theoretical reason – has to do with beliefs
7The main branches of philosophy Axiology: the study of value; the investigation of its nature, criteria, and metaphysical status.
8Two parts of axiologyEthics: the study of values in human behaviour or the study of moral problems.Æsthetics: the study of value in the arts or the inquiry into feelings, judgments, or standards of beauty and related concepts. Philosophy of art is concerned with judgments of sense, taste, and emotion.
9The main branches of philosophy Epistemology (gnosiology): the study of knowledge. In particular, epistemology is the study of the nature, scope, and limits of human knowledge.Ontology or Metaphysics: the study of what is really real. Metaphysics deals with the so-called first principles of the natural order Specifically, ontology seeks to establish the relationships between the categories of the types of existent things.
10The main branches of philosophy Dialectics – the study of sources, essence and laws of developmentLogic – the study of the laws and forms of argumentPhilosophical anthropology – the study of a man
11Ten rules of Philosophy Allow the spirit of wonder to flourish in your breastDoubt everything until the evidence convinces you of its truthLove the truthDivide and ConquerCollect and constructConjecture and refuteRevise and rebuildSeek simplicityLive the truthLive the good
12OutlookIt is a vision of the world from the only “center-position” of man
13Basic components of Outlook CognitiveValueMotivating-active
14Basic levels of outlook Vital-practicalTheoretical
15Historical types of outlook Mythology- syncretism- anthroposociomorphism- animismReligious outlookPhilosophy
16FUNCTIONS OF PHILOSOPHY CognitiveMethodologicalCriticalVital-practical