Presentation on theme: "Philosophical Roots of Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 Philosophical Roots of Education Chapter 6Philosophical Roots of Education
2 Philosophy’s Basic Questions Metaphysics: What is real?Epistemology: What is knowledge based on?Axiology: What is moral and right (ethics)? What is beautiful and good (aesthetics)?Logic: How can we reason?
3 Emphases of Different Philosophies of Education Idealism: Great and enduring ideasRealism: Humanistic and scientific disciplinesPragmatism: Problem solvingExistentialism: Creating a self-concept through significant choicesPostmodernism: Democratic criticism and social change
4 Connections Between Educational Theories and Philosophies Perennialism >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>IdealismEssentialism >>>>> Realism and IdealismProgressivism >>>>>>>>>>> PragmatismHumanism>>>>>>>>>>>>>ExistentialismCritical Theory>>>>>>>>>Postmodernism and Existentialism
5 Emphases of Different Theories of Education Perennialism: Enduring human concerns, great works of Western cultureEssentialism: Skills and subjects that transmit cultural heritage and contribute to socioeconomic efficiencyProgressivism: Problem solving and group activitiesCritical Theory: Social conflicts
6 Constructing Your Own Philosophy of Education Is knowledge based on universal and eternal truths? Is it relative to different times and places?What is the purpose of education? To transmit culture? To provide social and economic skills? To develop critical thinking skills? To reform society?What are schools for? To teach skills and subjects? To encourage personal self-definition? To develop human intelligence? To create patriotic, economically productive citizens?
7 Constructing Your Own Philosophy of Education (cont.) What should the curriculum contain? Basic skills and subjects? Experiences and projects? Inquiry processes? Critical dialogues?What should the relationship be between teachers and students? Transmitting heritage? Teaching learning skills and subjects? Examining great ideas? Encouraging self-expression? Constructing knowledge? Solving problems?