Presentation on theme: "40 yom, presents to ED with suicidal ideation On review of system by Psych resident, he admits to mild CP earlier the same day Code MI activated by ED."— Presentation transcript:
40 yom, presents to ED with suicidal ideation On review of system by Psych resident, he admits to mild CP earlier the same day Code MI activated by ED
Looking for a tall/wide R wave in V1 and/or V2 should be a routine step in QRS analysis on every ECG
DDx of tall R wave in V1 or V2 1.RVH: right sided forces make R wave big in the right precordial leads (RVH will also have R axis) 2.RBBB (will also have wide QRS, RSR’) 3.Posterior MI: posterior Q waves in V7-V9 are “mirror “reflected as large R waves inV1-V3 4.WPW Normal variant if nothing on the ECG suggests the above 4 causes and QRS is normal
In this pt, the tall R wave in V1-V3 may suggest posterior Q wave MI. The lateral Q waves suggest an associated lateral wall MI The ST depression in V1-V3 suggests posterior STEMI Our pt has posterior STEMI/posterior Q wave MI??
On further analysis of the ECG 1.Short PR interval (<3 small boxes, ~100 ms) 2.Wide QRS complex with delta wave *P is “riding” the upslope of R wave. *The upslope of R wave is slurred in lead V1 (this is delta wave) Pre-excitation pattern=WPW pattern 3. ST/T depression in V1-V3 is opposite in direction to the abnormal QRS, and therefore, is likely secondary to the QRS abnormality/WPW
Since this pt does not have any real angina and since he has all 3 features of WPW, his diagnosis is WPW rather than posterior MI In this context, the Q wave in leads I and aVL is actually a delta wave as well (a negative delta wave), not an MI
Q=negative delta Q= neg delta slur on the upslope of R= positive delta ST depression 2dary to WPW
Pre-excitation/WPW pattern means that there is an accessory pathway (AP) that is conducting parallel to the AV node (AVN), creating the delta wave and the wide QRS. Delta wave is positive in V1 when the accessory pathway is looking to the right, i.e., coming from the left
ECG of the same pt at another time. Conduction over the accessory pathway varies at different times. When the conduction over the accessory pathway slows down, which happens sometimes when AV conduction accelerates, QRS becomes narrower. ST/T become less depressed when QRS is “less” abnormal. Secondary St/T abnormality follows QRS abnormality
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