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Royal Institute, London: 21 January, 2015

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1 Royal Institute, London: 21 January, 2015
Digital Learning Futures The Shape of Minds to Come Steve Wheeler Plymouth University United Kingdom @timbuckteeth Invited presentation for the BETT Show 2014, 22 January 2014 Royal Institute, London: 21 January, 2015

2 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Image Credits:

3 “The average digital birth of children happens at about six months.”
It’s a girl! “The average digital birth of children happens at about six months.”

4 Learning is changing

5 3 biggest fears of a teacher using technology
How do I make this work? How do I avoid looking like an idiot? {They will know more about this than I do}

6 3 biggest fears of a student using technology

7 I showed my 12 year old son an old floppy disk….
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 He said “Wow… Cool! You 3D printed the Save Icon!”

8 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
“For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” - David Warlick Photo by Steve Wheeler

9 “I never teach my students.
I only provide the conditions in which they can learn.” - Albert Einstein Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

10 Wisdom Knowledge Surface Learning Strategic Learning Deep Learning
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Knowledge Surface Learning Strategic Learning Wisdom Deep Learning Source: Marton and Saljo

11 Knowledge Wisdom Transformation Declarative Knowledge Procedural
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2014 Declarative Knowledge Comprehension Knowing that Knowing how Procedural Application Analysis Evaluation Critical Knowing why

12 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2014

13 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Traditionally, students have been taught en masse, in lectures where learning is predominantly passive and the lecturer holds control of knowledge.

14 Personal windows on the world
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 With the advent of new technologies, and the move toward personalised, student owned technology, lectures are changing – not always in the way they are managed, but certainly students are gaining more control over knowledge, and becoming more proactive in their learning.

15 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2014

16 We learn by doing (Piaget, 1950)
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 The old cognitive constructivist approach was for personalise, solo enquiry – private study and investigation (research) Photo by Steve Wheeler

17 We learn by making (Papert, 1960)
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 We learn by making (Papert, 1960) Photo by Steve Wheeler

18 User generated content
Learning by making Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Learning 2.0 User generated content

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20 Sharing and Amplifying Tagging and Bookmarking User generated content
Architecture of participation Sharing and Amplifying Collaborating Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Curation Learning 2.0 Tagging and Bookmarking Aggregation User generated content Voting Networking

21 “I am convinced that the best learning takes place when the learner takes charge.” – Seymour Papert Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Newer approaches challenge cognitive constructivism. Vygotskiian approaches incorporate social learning, and Papert advocates learning by making and building (constructionism).

22 Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler Personal Learning Networks

23 Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler Personal Learning Networks

24 Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler Personal Learning Networks

25 Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler Personal Learning Networks

26 Personal Learning Networks
Photo by Steve Wheeler Personal Learning Networks

27 Crowdsourcing knowledge: Building your PLN
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Photo by Steve Wheeler Crowdsourcing knowledge: Building your PLN

28 Distributed Cognition
“ ‘I store my knowledge in my friends’ …is an axiom for collecting knowledge… through collecting people”. - Karen Stephenson Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Distributed Cognition Paragogy Heutagogy

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30 Digital Cultural Capital – Membership of ‘the Tribe’
“Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance, and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”. Wheeler (2009) Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 We store our knowledge with our friends – connectivism – is our new ethos for learning while membership of the tribe becomes the new cultural capital.

31 The First Mobile Phone Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

32 What is this? Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
http//wordle.com

33 Barack Obama’s inauguration speech …
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 …in Wordle http//wordle.com

34 What is this? Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 ur spshl. we want wot u want & urth 2b like hvn. giv us food & 4giv r sins lyk we 4giv uvaz. don't test us! save us! bcos we kno ur boss. ur tuf & ur cool 4 eva! ok?

35 ‘Squeeze’ Text The competition was for re-writing the Lord's Prayer for the mobile phone, using just 160 characters or less. It was judged for Ship of Fools by the Churches' Broadcasting Conference. The task itself was not easy. The traditional version of the Lord's Prayer is 372 characters long, so whittling it down to 160 characters meant cutting the prayer by more than half but without losing anything important. Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

36 ...and in second place… Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 r pa in evan, respect 2 u, may u rain ear as in evan. giv us r needs, 4giv r sin as we 4giv r nmes. resq us from the evil 1. 4 ur always the most xlent dude. yo

37 ‘Change is not linear – it’s exponential’ - Kurzweil
The pathways have already crossed. In 2014 there were more mobile phone subscriptions than people on the planet. The implications of this are staggering, and we may only now be seeing the start of its influence on education. ‘Change is not linear – it’s exponential’ - Kurzweil

38 LIVE

39 Students taking notes Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Technology changes our relationship with knowledge. Photo: Lori Cullen Students taking notes

40 Students making Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Photo: Steve Wheeler

41 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Photo: Steve Wheeler

42 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Photo: Steve Wheeler

43 curiosity Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015
Photo: Steve Wheeler

44 Student Makerspaces

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47 Personal Learning Environments
My PLN Personal Learning Environments Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Other Tools My PLE Games Graphic by Steve Wheeler

48 Minecraft Image source: Sean Drellinger https://www.flickr.com/photos/seandreilinger/ /

49 Assessment of Learning? or… Assessment for Learning?

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52 Ipsative assessment?

53 Voice and natural gesture interfaces

54 We are family Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

55 Wii are family! Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

56 Flow Channel Anxiety Boredom SKILLS CHALLENGE
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi, 1991 CHALLENGE SKILLS Low High Flow Channel Anxiety Boredom Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

57 Anxiety Boredom SKILLS CHALLENGE P1 P2 P3 P4
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) CHALLENGE SKILLS Low High Anxiety Boredom Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 P1 P2 P3 P4

58 What I can learn on my own
ZPD and scaffolding Technology and tools Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Knowledgeable others Beyond my reach What I can learn with help (ZPD) What I can learn on my own

59 Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
Adapted from: Csikszentmihalyi (1991) and Killi (2009) CHALLENGE SKILLS Low High Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) Anxiety Boredom Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

60 Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Computers as ‘mind tools’ for the engaging of learners in critical thinking - David Jonassen Technology changes the way we learn – our tools become extensions of not only our abilities but also our minds.

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62 ‘New’ learners are... more self-directed
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 more self-directed better equipped to capture information more reliant on feedback from peers more inclined to collaborate more oriented toward being their own “nodes of production”. New learners create their own environments, content and opportunities. Education Trends | Featured News John K. Waters—13 December 2011

63 - Abraham Lincoln on the ‘selfie’
“Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him an iPhone.” - Abraham Lincoln on the ‘selfie’ Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015

64 “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.”
- Thomas Edison Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Learners need ‘digital literacies’

65 Learners will need new ‘literacies’
Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Social networking Privacy maintenance Identity management Creating content Organising content Reusing and repurposing Filtering and selecting Self presention Transliteracy

66 Learning 2.0 – Digital Literacies
Mastery Steve Wheeler, University of Plymouth, 2015 Literacies Competencies Skills Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)

67 Skills for Learning 2.0 Complexity Context Connection Connotation
Adapted from: Mark Federman (2012) Graphic by Steve Wheeler (2013)

68 Don’t limit a child to your own learning, for he was born in another time. - Rabindranath Tagore

69 With thanks to my students:
Tyla Elworthy Aaron Fisher Alex Druce

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