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Diversity, Inclusivity, and Civility: Creating Unum from the Pluribus… From the Many, One Monterey Peninsula College January 25, 2012 Thomas Brown www.tbrownassociates.com.

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Presentation on theme: "Diversity, Inclusivity, and Civility: Creating Unum from the Pluribus… From the Many, One Monterey Peninsula College January 25, 2012 Thomas Brown www.tbrownassociates.com."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Diversity, Inclusivity, and Civility: Creating Unum from the Pluribus… From the Many, One Monterey Peninsula College January 25, 2012 Thomas Brown

3 Colleges are in the dream and future business… Students come to college to create the futures they dream for themselves.

4 Students benefit from MPC in many ways. No matter your path, we are here to support your efforts to create a path toward your future…and we will help you get there.

5 “Congratulations on taking this step toward success. By enrolling at Monterey Peninsula College, you are preparing a better tomorrow for yourself and your community….” Welcome to Monterey Peninsula College Dr. Doug Garrison, President

6 If you don’t know where you are going, you might end up somewhere else…. Lewis Carroll

7 Mission Answers the question: Why does Monterey Peninsula College exist?

8 Mission Monterey Peninsula College is committed to fostering student learning and success [and] seeks to enhance the intellectual, cultural, and economic vitality of our diverse community.

9 The United States, long ranked first worldwide, now ranks 10th in the percentage of young adults who hold a college degree. Source: If current trends hold, the current generation of college-age Americans will be less educated than their parents for the first time in US history. Source: Challenging Times for America

10 Times of economic prosperity in the US are also times of social, political, and religious tolerance, marked by broad social harmony When the American economy does poorly, conflicts of all kinds increase. The Moral Consequences of Economic Growth Benjamin Friedman, Harvard University, 2005 Challenging Times for America

11 The US is a visible model of the connections between freedom, economic growth and human fulfillment Over the past century, the US has been the most consistently democratic, prosperous, powerful, and influential nation in the world That Used to Be Us Tom Friedman & Michael Mandelbaum, 2011 The American Dream: The Glue That Binds Us

12 Community colleges are the “unsung heroes” of the U.S. education system and play a crucial role in training American workers to compete in the global economy. President Barack Obama, October 2010 Democracy’s Colleges

13 Community colleges have been challenged to shift the focus from ensuring access to ensuring success once students gain access. The American Community College: From Access to Success George Boggs, President, AACC, 2011

14 MPC Strategic Goals & Objectives Goal 1: Promote academic excellence and student success Goal 2: Promote diversity throughout the institution May 24, 2011

15 It takes a campus community to support student achievement and success….

16 The faculty and staff look forward to preparing you for your future. President’s Welcome

17 Imagine a school where all kinds of people feel comfortable showing up, secure in the knowledge that they have a place they don’t have to defend every time they turn around, where they are encouraged to do their best, and are valued for it…. Allan G. Johnson, 2006

18 The MPC District will strive to achieve an inclusive educational and employment environment which fosters cooperation, acceptance, democracy and free expression of ideas.

19 The American college campus is one of the very few places on earth where people from so many diverse backgrounds come together for a common purpose. The other is the American workplace.

20 Diversity is a reality of the human experience; the question is what we do with the diversity we encounter in our lives.

21 Diversity

22 Inclusivity

23 Not going to ask you to get out of your comfort zone…. Challenge and support you to stretch your comfort zone.

24 Be honest… What was your reaction to hearing that the today’s topic would be diversity ??

25 Diversity?!?

26 I’d rather have oral surgery….

27 Diversity Presentation?!? That could be a good day to schedule my colonoscopy….

28 Why is this topic so difficult? The words are not about me because they name something much larger than me, something I didn’t invent or create, but that was passed on to me as a legacy when I was born in this nation. Privilege, Power, & Difference Professor Allan G. Johnson

29 We didn’t create air pollution but we have an interest in doing something to solve the problem of pollution for us, our children, and their children’s children.

30 Diversity to inclusivity An inclusive organization where all people are empowered to do their best work. Simma Lieberman

31 What is diversity?

32 Seven kinds of diversity Beverly D. Tatum, 1999, 2003* “Otherness” Race/ethnicity Gender Religion Sexual Orientation Socio-economic status Age Physical/Mental Ability *Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?

33 Seven kinds of diversity Beverly D. Tatum, 1999, 2003 “Otherness” Race/ethnicity Gender Religion Sexual Orientation Socio-economic status Age Physical/Mental Ability Form of exclusion Racism/ethnocentrism Sexism Religious oppression Heterosexism Classism Ageism Ableism

34 Other diversity 1.Regional 2.Organizational 3.Institutional 4.Department/Program

35 Cultural diversity is an integral part of our nation’s history, going back before the early colonies. Native Americans were culturally different, belonging to different tribes, speaking different languages, and having a variety of different values and beliefs. US National Guard and Army website

36 A Tradition of Diversity… 564 “Native American/American Indian” tribal groups recognized by the US government 250+ languages spoken Most identify as members of specific tribal groups or bands

37 Diversity in Monterey County Monterey County %California % 48.6%Women Men White 40 55Hispanic/Latina/o Asian/Pacific Islander Black 6 30Foreign-born 27 51Language other than 42 English at home 17Below poverty level 14 US Census Bureau

38 "Effective participation by members of all racial and ethnic groups in the civic life of our nation is essential if the dream of one nation, indivisible, is to be realized…." Justice Sandra Day O'Connor Gruter v. Bollinger June 23, 2003

39 As long as education is viewed as a contest between competing groups…we will have problems. Cookie Newsom Director of Diversity Education and Research University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

40 Education is not a “zero sum” game, with winners and losers COMPETE Com = together Petire = to seek Creating Unum from the Pluribus

41 Education is not a “zero sum” game, with winners and losers COMPETE Com = together Petire = to seek Creating Unum from the Pluribus

42 Gender Diversity in the Workplace: Women American society and culture have changed considerably over the last 150 years—women were not allowed to vote, slavery was still practiced, etc.

43 Gender Diversity in the Workplace: Women American society and culture has changed considerably over the last 150 years—women were not allowed to vote, slavery was still practiced, etc. Educational institutions should be expected not just to follow but to lead the way.

44 Gender Diversity in the Workplace: Women Past Assigned to temporary or part-time or low responsibility jobs Understood to care more about the children than about work Not as capable as men, either physically or mentally or emotionally Unequal pay for equal work Present Career track vs. temporary Seek to prioritize and balance work and their lives Not viewed as inferior to men Discrimination in hiring and sexual harassment against the law Unequal pay for equal work

45 Gender Diversity in the Workplace: Women U.S. women still earn only 77 cents on the male dollar 68% for African-American women 58% for Latinas Jumps to 91% if they belong to a union. Time magazine, April 2010

46 Students with Disabilities People with disabilities are routinely stereotyped as helpless and inferior human beings, who lack the ability to succeed and are routinely denied opportunities to succeed Johnson, 2006

47 Students with Disabilities For many students with disabilities, college is an initial experience wherein personal responsibility and independence become critical. Steven Ender & Carolyn Wilkie, 2000

48 Educators must stress the importance of personal assertiveness [and] work actively and systematically when addressing the area of developing or validating life purpose. Ender & Wilkie, 2000

49 Ethnic and Racial Issues

50 The adjustment to college is more difficult for first-generation students from ethnic minority and low income backgrounds than for students from middle income backgrounds. Retention of Students from First Generation & Low Income Backgrounds Paul Thayer, 2000

51 Increasing the success of diverse students is not a minority issue; It’s an American issue!!

52 If the gap between Black and Latino students and White students had narrowed, U.S. GDP would have been $310 billion higher in Economic Impact of the Achievement Gap in America’s Schools McKinsey & Company Consultants, 2009 The Fiscal Benefits of Inclusion

53 A Challenge in Diversity Training Efforts to teach about diverse groups can lead to stereotyping. People from the same group are also “diverse” in terms of socio-economic status, education, age, sexual orientation, individual experiences, and otherwise.

54 Asian Pacific American Groups Asian IndianChineseFilipinoGuamanian HawaiianHmongJapaneseKorean Laotian Pakistani SamoanThai Vietnamese Philippines:7000 islands 100 languages Principle: Diversity in Diversity

55 Diversity in Diversity: Black Is that “Black” person African American, an African international student, or from a West Indian immigrant family? As with all groups, it is important to make distinctions based on socio- economic class, gender, and other qualities.

56 Diversity in Diversity: Latino/Hispanic Twenty Spanish and Portuguese speaking countries in the Western Hemisphere Often “Latino” is used in contrast to others who are not Spanish speaking Often identify based on country of origin (e.g., Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba)

57 All ethnic groups in our country are an aggregate of many distinct subgroups.

58 Scientists find that the differences that set us apart are not racial, they are more likely to be cultural. ABC News Science Page

59 Racial characteristics are only minor variations among people groups. Racial characteristics (e.g., skin color, eye shape, hair texture) account for percent of human biological variation. Susan Cameron & Susan Macias Wycoff Journal of Counseling & Development

60 The only reason people think differences are major is because we’ve been brought up in a culture that has taught us to see differences in this way. They matter because we think they matter.

61 Examining and moving beyond biases Acknowledge they exist for us— individually and collectively Surface our biases Listen more carefully Honor the diversity of this nation Strive to see “them” as US! Continue to learning to become genuinely more inclusive and accepting It’s a process….

62 Religious diversity I am noticing more women wearing head scarves (hijab) and they seem to draw some negative reactions from faculty, staff and students. Campus Diversity Needs Assessment

63 Religious Intolerance “There’s a level of hatred and animosity that’s shocking. I’ve been doing this for 31 years and I have never seen such hostility toward Muslim workers….” Mary Jo O’Neill, EEOC Attorney Phoenix New York Times, 9/23/2010

64 It’s onlya cap! …or is it?

65 Attitudes toward religious diversity 92% of Americans said they would vote for a Jewish person (+10% from 1967) 72% of Americans said they would vote for a Mormon (-7% from 1999) 46% said they would vote for an atheist. USA Today/Gallup Poll, 2007

66 Religious diversity ? Americans are slowly becoming less Christian and in recent decades the challenge to Christianity in America does not come from other world religions [but] from a rejection of all organized religions. Pew Forum on Religion in Public Life, 2008

67 Religious Intolerance

68 Age and Diversity Intergenerational conflict? Either/or ? Both/and?

69 … is threatening to upset the harmony of U.S. workplaces as the gulf widens between baby boomer management and a younger generation with very different values, motives and goals. Management Issues, 2005 Intergenerational conflict

70 Intergenerational issues Four Generations in the Workplace Veterans Boomers Generation X Millennials Greg Hammill, 2005

71 Strategies for Boomers April Lewis & Carol French Get to the point Learn to use technology Let X’ers and Millennials help figure out how to achieve goals Abolish concept of “dues paying.” Lighten up

72 Strategies for X'ers and Millennials April Lewis & Carol French Show respect for long term workers Take time to listen Communicate face-to-face Give them full attention Learn to play “the game” Learn and respect the legacy

73 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues

74 LGBT are “among the most despised groups in the United States today….” Blumenfeld, 2003

75 “They are the biggest threat that our nation has, even more so than terrorism or Islam…." Oklahoma Rep. Sally Kern, 2008 Gays As the Domestic al-Qaeda?!?

76 Students, staff, professors, or administrators who identify as LGBT report significant harassment at their colleges and discomfort with the overall campus climate…. Chronicle of Higher Education, 9/14/2010

77 Enhancing empathy exercise: Sexual orientation If you are heterosexual, imagine that you awoke this morning and, if you are male, you are gay; if you are female, you are lesbian. How would people treat you differently in your community, at school, at work, on your team? How might family or friends treat you differently? What opportunities might open or close for you? What rewards might or might not come your way? What other changes might you experience?

78 42% of all Americans believe same sex couples should have the right to marry. CBS News poll April % of first-year college students believe same sex couples should have the right to marry. Freshman Survey, Fall 2009 Intergenerational Perspectives

79 What about my own personal beliefs or religious views?

80 Monterey Peninsula College shall not discriminate on the basis of ethnic group, race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, handicap, or age in any of its policies, procedures, or practices. MPC Notice of Nondiscrimination

81 Socio-economic issues?

82 The moral test of a government is how it treats those who are in the dawn of life—the children; those who are in the twilight of life—the elderly; those who are in the shadows of life—the sick, the needy and the disabled. Senator Hubert H. Humphrey, 1977 What does it mean to be a great nation?

83 A majority of the poor in the U.S. are not able to work due circumstances beyond their control… Facts About Poverty in the U.S.

84 More than one of every four children in Monterey County lives in poverty, a dramatic increase from previous years. Claudia Melendez The Monterey County Herald 8/20/2011 Childhood poverty in Monterey County jumped from 17 percent in 2008 to 27 percent in Annie Casey Foundation, 2011

85 Most Californians 65 or older, need at least twice the income calculated by the federal government to make ends meet — $21,763 a year on average for a single person renting a one-bedroom apartment, or $30,634 for a couple. UCLA Study, 2010

86 What do we believe about poverty? Poverty is an “inner city” problem. Since 2000, suburban poverty rates have increased by 53% compared to 26% in cities. Brookings Institution, October 2011

87 26% of community college students fall into the lowest income group. National Center for Education Statistics, 2006

88 77% of high income students 54% of low income students graduate in six years. The Education Trust, January 2005

89 The benefits of attending college are strongest for students from low socio-economic backgrounds. Professor Jennie Brand, UCLA Xie, University of Michigan American Sociological Review, 2010

90 If the gap between low-income students and others had narrowed, U.S. GDP would have been $400 billion higher in Economic Impact of the Achievement Gap in America’s Schools McKinsey & Company Consultants, 2009 The Fiscal Benefits of Inclusion

91 . 90% of Americans believe the federal government has a responsibility to alleviate poverty. A strong majority believes that government should do more, not less, to help people move from welfare to work, by providing skills needed to be self-sufficient. Public Views on Welfare Reform and Children in the Current Economy. Packard Foundation, 2002.

92 Diversity and inclusivity are about understanding… not necessarily agreeing.

93 Culture is learned. You are not born with culture.

94 Culture is learned first in the family, then in school, then in the community and other social organizations such as the church. Purnell, 2005

95 Cultures differ from one another in the ways they view the world—worldviews. Cultural competence: Understanding worldviews as different not necessarily deficient.

96 Our attitudes toward race, gender, and other diversity operate at two levels: Conscious: what we choose to believe. Unconscious: immediate, automatic associations that tumble out before we’ve had time to think. Blink, Malcolm Gladwell

97 Understanding cultural difference doesn’t make the difference go away. However, the person who understands how difference causes communication to break down can take the initiative to try and make the communication work. You Just Don’t Understand, D. Tannen

98 Diversity is a reality of the human experience; the question is what we do with the diversity we encounter in our lives. The issue is less about diversity and more about what we do to create inclusive communities—on campus and beyond.

99 Diversity  Inclusivity

100 Diversity  Inclusivity  Civility Civility matters because treating one another with respect is necessary to effective communication, community building, and finding common ground. Dr. Cindy Clark

101 culture of civility Creating a culture of civility requires communication, interaction, and an appreciation for the interests each person brings to the relationship. The Dance of Incivility in Nursing Cynthia Clark, 2008

102 When we believe we are right about something or someone, we assume we are right to the point that we will destroy relationships in order to defend our position. Don Miguel Ruiz The Four Agreements

103 The US has degenerated into a society wherein everything is framed as a contest or a battle. Winning is the only goal. This “argument culture” encourages us to see things as good or bad, black or white, right or wrong; it urges us to see people as “with us or against us.” * Stopping America’s War of Words An Argument Culture Deborah Tannen*

104 The “best way” to cover the news is to find people who express the most extreme, polarized views and offer them as presenting “both sides” of the issues. Our individual and collective spirits are worn down by living in an environment of constant warfare. An Argument Culture Deborah Tannen*

105 Without civility, we miss opportunities to really listen and understand others’ points of view. Dr. Cindy Clark

106 Perception is reality…

107 Your opinion is only your point of view… It is not necessarily true. Don Miguel Ruiz

108 There’s a chance you are both right.

109 What do you see: An Old Woman? A Young Woman

110

111 Problem solving is blocked when a person is determined to be right. It’s my way or…

112 A key question: Will what I am about to do or say bring me closer to this person or move us farther apart?

113 There’s a chance you are both right. The choice: Be “right” or be close?

114 Never give up your power to choose your thoughts and actions.

115 To Create Unum, from the Pluribus

116 Diversity, Inclusivity, and Civility: Creating Unum from the Pluribus… From the Many, One Monterey Peninsula College January 25, 2012 Thomas Brown


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