2James Monroe President 1817-1825 Define:Missouri CompromiseMonroe Doctrine
3Missouri Compromise pages 228-229 Problem: Before 1820, the number of slave states equaled the number of free states. Missouri wanted to be admitted as a slave state increasing the power of the South in the Senate.Solution:1) Maine would be admitted as a free state at the same time maintaining the balance of free and slave states.2) Territories north of 36° 30' N would be closed to slavery.
11Territorial Expansion page 251 II. FloridaPinckney’s Treaty (1795) stated:_____ controlled Florida.U.S. could have free use of ____________.Spain and U.S. would control _______ in their territories to prevent attacks.Andrew Jackson leads troops into FloridaIn the First _______ War, U.S. claimed possession of western Florida.Secretary of State _________ accused the Spanish of failing to control the Seminoles.In 1819, the _________ was signed. Spain ceded Florida and the U.S. ceded _________.
12Territorial Expansion page 253 III. Bound for the Pacificmanifest destiny- belief that it was the undeniable fate of the U.S. to expand across North AmericaWagon trains traveled along the Oregon Trail.Why go?.In 1845, 5,000 Americans were in Oregon Country. Britain and U.S. decided on the 49th parallel to divide the territory.
15Territorial Expansion page 255 Mormon MigrationsThe Mormons, a religious group, founded by ____________ in New York State moved to ____, then ____and then _______. Finally, Brigham Young brought them to ______ outside of U.S. territory.Gold RushThe “forty-niners” rushed to _____ after gold was discovered. Many mining towns turned into _______.
16Territorial Expansion page 262-265 Effects of Mexican IndependenceMexico becomes independent from Spain in 1821.Americans dominate trade with Mexico.More and more Americans settle in Mexican territory.
17Texas Fights for Independence Write dates and what happens each time Texas Fights for Independence Write dates and what happens each time. pages18221825183018331835October, 1835December, 1835March 2, 1836March 6, 1836April 21, 1836May 14, 1836Fall, 1836
19The Election of 1824 pagesWhy was the election of 1824 unusual?Four people ran for office.No one was declared the winner because no one received a majority of electoral votes.As the Constitution states, when no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the House of Representatives decides the election.John Quincy Adams, the son of John Adams, becomes the sixth president of the U.S.(In 1828, Andrew Jackson beats the incumbent easily.)
20Election of 1824 Presidential Candidates Electoral Votes % Popular VotesJohn Q. Adams8432%108,74031%Andrew Jackson9938%153,54443%Henry Clay3714%47,13613%William Crawford4116%46,618Make two circle graphs- one for electoral and one for popular votes
23During Jackson’s presidency… pages 300-302 Define:Indian Removal Act-Trail of Tears-
24During Jackson’s presidency… pages 300-302 Define:Indian Removal Act law calling for the president to give Native Americans land in parts of the Louisiana Purchase in exchange for land taken from them in the East.Trail of Tears- The forced movement of Cherokees in 1838 to land west of the Mississippi River.
25The Mexican War page 351 Write the dates and what happens on each one. August, 1843April, 18441845March, 1845November, 1845March, 1846April, 1846May 13, 1846January, 1847February, 1847March, 1847September 14, 1847February 2, 18481853
29The Slave TradeBetween 1501 and the 1860’s, at least 12 million African men, women, and children were forced from their African homelands.Millions are estimated to have died in the Middle Passage crossing the Atlantic Ocean- one leg of the triangular trade.
35Slavery Timeline1441- Portuguese sail to Africa and return with slaves.1501- African slaves are brought to the New World by Spanish settlers.1581- First African slaves in Florida at St. Augustine, the first Spanish settlement in the U.S.1619- First black indentured servants arrive in Jamestown, Virginia, the first English settlement in the U.S.1787- U.S. Constitution includes the 3/5 Compromise and the decision to wait until 1808 to decide about the slave trade1803- Cotton gin is invented by Eli Whitney.
371808- Slave trade legally ends 1831- Nat Turner’s rebellion, the most serious slave revolt in U.S. history1838- Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery1849- Harriet Tubman escapes to the North and helps others escape on the Underground Railroad1857- U.S. Supreme Court decides the Dred Scott case1863- the Emancipation Proclamation is issued by President Lincoln1865- the 13th Amendment is ratified ending slavery
41Slavery in the U.S.The slave trade and the free labor of slaves created considerable riches for others.The South, especially the cotton belt, became dependent on slave labor.By 1860, there were nearly ___ million slaves in the U.S.(Look on page 288.)
42Slave Revolts pagesWhat did Gabriel Prosser, Nat Turner and Denmark Vesey have in common?Why do you think slave revolts were not successful?
43Innovations and Inventions pages 272-279 Describe each one in your own words:Industrial Revolutionhigh-pressure steam enginewater-powered textile millinterchangeable partscotton ginsteamboathigh-pressure steam locomotivetextile factory
44Industrial Revolution Production was increased by using machines rather than the power of humans or animals.Began in Great Britain during the 1700s
45high-pressure steam engine Developed in Britain betweenUsing the energy given off by steam to generate the power
46water-powered textile mill Falling water provided power to the millSlater brought the knowledge from Britain to Rhode Island in 1793
47interchangeable parts Eli Whitney had the idea to make identical parts for a gun speeding up production and making a greater profit.
52steamboat Steam engine was placed on a boat Allowed the boat to go upriverRobert Fulton invented the first commercially successful steamboat in 1807.Increased trade and profit
53high-pressure steam locomotive Developed by British and American inventorsRailroads proved to be more efficient than boats.They could pull more passengers and goods more quickly than boats.
54textile factoryFrancis Lowell built the first centralized textile factory in 1814 where all the tasks involved in making a product are done in one location.The water-powered mill brought together all the tasks of spinning, weaving and dyeing the natural cotton into finished cloth.Production increased dramatically.Manufacturing would become the backbone of the economy in the North.
57Effects of the Expanding Economy pages 278-279 Free enterprise system- companies compete for profit; capitalismPeople who can find better, faster and more efficient ways of running their businesses are rewarded.2. Working outside the home3. Rise of shopping4. Rise of banking- business loans helped increase production and create more profit.
58A Growing America in the early 1800’s Territorial ExpansionInventions and innovationsGrowth of nationalismSocial, cultural and religious changesGrowth of sectionalism
59Growth of Sectionalism The United States was becoming more and more divided into two sections or regions: the North and the South.Each had its own economy and culture.The North had two main parts:the Old Northwest- Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesotathe Northeast- New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New England states
60Farming in the Northwest Corn, wheat and other grains were grownNew inventions: steel plow by John Deere, mechanical reaper by Cyrus McCormickChallenge: grains would spoil once harvestedSolution: get them to market quickly or turn them into a product that would not spoil
61Industries in the Northeast Most people still lived in rural areas, but the urban areas were growing.Manufacturing increased rapidly, especially near riversCoal was mined in Pennsylvania.Thousands of people moved to the cities looking for work. The cities were not equipped for the population growth.
62Labor Disputes in Factories Most factory owners paid their employees little and did not provide a healthy place to work.From , there were more than 150 strikes.Labor unions were organized to protect the workers; unions soon died out.
63The Growth of Nationalism pages 290-295 After the War of 1812, there was a growing spirit of nationalism.Pride in the whole countryU.S. is unique and leading the wayMonroe Doctrine (1823).
64The Growth of Nationalism pages 290-293 After the War of 1812, there was a growing spirit of nationalism.Pride in the whole countryU.S. is unique and leading the wayMonroe Doctrine (1823)U.S. would not get involved with European affairs.U.S. would not interfere with existing colonies.U.S. would not permit any further colonization in the Western Hemisphere.If Europe tried to take control of any nation in the Western Hemisphere, it is a hostile action.