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An Emerging New Nation 1783-1855 Pages 236-295.

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Presentation on theme: "An Emerging New Nation 1783-1855 Pages 236-295."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Emerging New Nation 1783-1855

2 James Monroe President 1817-1825
Define: Missouri Compromise Monroe Doctrine

3 Missouri Compromise pages 228-229
Problem: Before 1820, the number of slave states equaled the number of free states. Missouri wanted to be admitted as a slave state increasing the power of the South in the Senate. Solution: 1) Maine would be admitted as a free state at the same time maintaining the balance of free and slave states. 2) Territories north of 36° 30' N would be closed to slavery.

4 Missouri Compromise

5 Monroe Doctrine

6 Monroe Doctrine

7 A Growing America in the early 1800’s
Territorial Expansion Inventions and innovations Growth of nationalism Social, cultural and religious changes Growth of sectionalism

8 Territorial Expansion page 249
I. trans-Appalachia Americans started moving across the Appalachian Mountains. New states were formed: Ohio Indiana Illinois (1818) Native Americans were forced westward.

9 Appalachian Mountains

10 Appalachian Mountains

11 Territorial Expansion page 251
II. Florida Pinckney’s Treaty (1795) stated: _____ controlled Florida. U.S. could have free use of ____________. Spain and U.S. would control _______ in their territories to prevent attacks. Andrew Jackson leads troops into Florida In the First _______ War, U.S. claimed possession of western Florida. Secretary of State _________ accused the Spanish of failing to control the Seminoles. In 1819, the _________ was signed. Spain ceded Florida and the U.S. ceded _________.

12 Territorial Expansion page 253
III. Bound for the Pacific manifest destiny- belief that it was the undeniable fate of the U.S. to expand across North America Wagon trains traveled along the Oregon Trail. Why go? . In 1845, 5,000 Americans were in Oregon Country. Britain and U.S. decided on the 49th parallel to divide the territory.

13 49th parallel between US and British Canada

14 49th parallel between US and British Canada

15 Territorial Expansion page 255
Mormon Migrations The Mormons, a religious group, founded by ____________ in New York State moved to ____, then ____and then _______. Finally, Brigham Young brought them to ______ outside of U.S. territory. Gold Rush The “forty-niners” rushed to _____ after gold was discovered. Many mining towns turned into _______.

16 Territorial Expansion page 262-265
Effects of Mexican Independence Mexico becomes independent from Spain in 1821. Americans dominate trade with Mexico. More and more Americans settle in Mexican territory.

17 Texas Fights for Independence Write dates and what happens each time
Texas Fights for Independence Write dates and what happens each time. pages 1822 1825 1830 1833 1835 October, 1835 December, 1835 March 2, 1836 March 6, 1836 April 21, 1836 May 14, 1836 Fall, 1836

18 The Alamo

19 The Election of 1824 pages Why was the election of 1824 unusual? Four people ran for office. No one was declared the winner because no one received a majority of electoral votes. As the Constitution states, when no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the House of Representatives decides the election. John Quincy Adams, the son of John Adams, becomes the sixth president of the U.S. (In 1828, Andrew Jackson beats the incumbent easily.)

20 Election of 1824 Presidential Candidates Electoral Votes %
Popular Votes John Q. Adams 84 32% 108,740 31% Andrew Jackson 99 38% 153,544 43% Henry Clay 37 14% 47,136 13% William Crawford 41 16% 46,618 Make two circle graphs- one for electoral and one for popular votes

21 50% 1/2 25% 1/4

22 Election of 1824 Electoral Votes Popular Votes

23 During Jackson’s presidency… pages 300-302
Define: Indian Removal Act- Trail of Tears-

24 During Jackson’s presidency… pages 300-302
Define: Indian Removal Act law calling for the president to give Native Americans land in parts of the Louisiana Purchase in exchange for land taken from them in the East. Trail of Tears- The forced movement of Cherokees in 1838 to land west of the Mississippi River.

25 The Mexican War page 351 Write the dates and what happens on each one.
August, 1843 April, 1844 1845 March, 1845 November, 1845 March, 1846 April, 1846 May 13, 1846 January, 1847 February, 1847 March, 1847 September 14, 1847 February 2, 1848 1853

26 Rio Grande or Nueces River?


28 Gadsden Purchase

29 The Slave Trade Between 1501 and the 1860’s, at least 12 million African men, women, and children were forced from their African homelands. Millions are estimated to have died in the Middle Passage crossing the Atlantic Ocean- one leg of the triangular trade.

30 Middle Passage



33 The Triangular Trade


35 Slavery Timeline 1441- Portuguese sail to Africa and return with slaves. 1501- African slaves are brought to the New World by Spanish settlers. 1581- First African slaves in Florida at St. Augustine, the first Spanish settlement in the U.S. 1619- First black indentured servants arrive in Jamestown, Virginia, the first English settlement in the U.S. 1787- U.S. Constitution includes the 3/5 Compromise and the decision to wait until 1808 to decide about the slave trade 1803- Cotton gin is invented by Eli Whitney.

36                                                                                                    The Cotton Gin

37 1808- Slave trade legally ends
1831- Nat Turner’s rebellion, the most serious slave revolt in U.S. history 1838- Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery 1849- Harriet Tubman escapes to the North and helps others escape on the Underground Railroad 1857- U.S. Supreme Court decides the Dred Scott case 1863- the Emancipation Proclamation is issued by President Lincoln 1865- the 13th Amendment is ratified ending slavery



40 Underground Railroad

41 Slavery in the U.S. The slave trade and the free labor of slaves created considerable riches for others. The South, especially the cotton belt, became dependent on slave labor. By 1860, there were nearly ___ million slaves in the U.S. (Look on page 288.)

42 Slave Revolts pages What did Gabriel Prosser, Nat Turner and Denmark Vesey have in common? Why do you think slave revolts were not successful?

43 Innovations and Inventions pages 272-279
Describe each one in your own words: Industrial Revolution high-pressure steam engine water-powered textile mill interchangeable parts cotton gin steamboat high-pressure steam locomotive textile factory

44 Industrial Revolution
Production was increased by using machines rather than the power of humans or animals. Began in Great Britain during the 1700s

45 high-pressure steam engine
Developed in Britain between Using the energy given off by steam to generate the power

46 water-powered textile mill
Falling water provided power to the mill Slater brought the knowledge from Britain to Rhode Island in 1793

47 interchangeable parts
Eli Whitney had the idea to make identical parts for a gun speeding up production and making a greater profit.

48 cotton gin

49 cotton gin In 1794, Eli Whitney patented a machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers. What were the effects of the invention? 1. 2. 3. 4.

50 cotton fields

51 cotton yarn

52 steamboat Steam engine was placed on a boat
Allowed the boat to go upriver Robert Fulton invented the first commercially successful steamboat in 1807. Increased trade and profit

53 high-pressure steam locomotive
Developed by British and American inventors Railroads proved to be more efficient than boats. They could pull more passengers and goods more quickly than boats.

54 textile factory Francis Lowell built the first centralized textile factory in 1814 where all the tasks involved in making a product are done in one location. The water-powered mill brought together all the tasks of spinning, weaving and dyeing the natural cotton into finished cloth. Production increased dramatically. Manufacturing would become the backbone of the economy in the North.

55 textile factory

56 textile factory

57 Effects of the Expanding Economy pages 278-279
Free enterprise system- companies compete for profit; capitalism People who can find better, faster and more efficient ways of running their businesses are rewarded. 2. Working outside the home 3. Rise of shopping 4. Rise of banking- business loans helped increase production and create more profit.

58 A Growing America in the early 1800’s
Territorial Expansion Inventions and innovations Growth of nationalism Social, cultural and religious changes Growth of sectionalism

59 Growth of Sectionalism
The United States was becoming more and more divided into two sections or regions: the North and the South. Each had its own economy and culture. The North had two main parts: the Old Northwest- Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota the Northeast- New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New England states

60 Farming in the Northwest
Corn, wheat and other grains were grown New inventions: steel plow by John Deere, mechanical reaper by Cyrus McCormick Challenge: grains would spoil once harvested Solution: get them to market quickly or turn them into a product that would not spoil

61 Industries in the Northeast
Most people still lived in rural areas, but the urban areas were growing. Manufacturing increased rapidly, especially near rivers Coal was mined in Pennsylvania. Thousands of people moved to the cities looking for work. The cities were not equipped for the population growth.

62 Labor Disputes in Factories
Most factory owners paid their employees little and did not provide a healthy place to work. From , there were more than 150 strikes. Labor unions were organized to protect the workers; unions soon died out.

63 The Growth of Nationalism pages 290-295
After the War of 1812, there was a growing spirit of nationalism. Pride in the whole country U.S. is unique and leading the way Monroe Doctrine (1823) .

64 The Growth of Nationalism pages 290-293
After the War of 1812, there was a growing spirit of nationalism. Pride in the whole country U.S. is unique and leading the way Monroe Doctrine (1823) U.S. would not get involved with European affairs. U.S. would not interfere with existing colonies. U.S. would not permit any further colonization in the Western Hemisphere. If Europe tried to take control of any nation in the Western Hemisphere, it is a hostile action.

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