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A Lesson on Iambic Pentameter and the Shakespearian Rhyme Schem e.

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Presentation on theme: "A Lesson on Iambic Pentameter and the Shakespearian Rhyme Schem e."— Presentation transcript:

1 A Lesson on Iambic Pentameter and the Shakespearian Rhyme Schem e

2 An iamb is a prosodic foot of two syllables, an unstressed followed by a stressed one.

3 Prosodic comes from prosody which means… the study of poetic meters and verse.

4 Pentameter means? Pent(a) is Well, let’s look at the roots---

5 FIVE

6 METER means…

7 Meter means… measure

8 five measures.

9 IAMBIC means that you have five measures of unstressed and stressed syllables. PENTAMETER

10 This is what you find in a Shakespearian Sonnet.

11 What if… I don’t understand when a syllable is stressed or unstressed?

12 Let’s start with names. Say these names and tell me where the stressed syllable can be found. MandelaCleopatraFrost BradburyCisnerosMargaret GiovanniCaliforniaMississippi O’ConnorWhitmanAlbertson’s TutankhamenJimenez Poe

13 summer American hotdog autobiography assessment speech tragedy literature utensil remember opportunity farewell reflect transpire prosecution Endearing friendly persuasive eulogy understanding interpretive Interlopers predict infer

14 ****Each syllable must contain a vowel. How many syllables can you find here? How many are stressed syllables?

15 “The choices you make dictate the life you lead.” How many syllables are unstressed? How many are stressed? “It’s not who I am underneath but what I do that defines me.” How many are stressed? How many are unstressed?

16 mark each syllable with a stressed or unstressed symbol. U is unstressed / is stressed

17 U / U / U / U / U / Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? U / U / U / U / U / Thou art more lovely and more temperate. U / U / U / U / U Rough winds do shake the darling buds of / May.

18 U / U / U / U / U / Love is not all; it is not meat nor drink. U / U / U / U / U / Nor slumber nor a roof against the rain; U / U / U / U / U / Nor yet a floating spar to men that sink

19 U / U /U /

20 IAMBIC PENATMETER U / U / U / U / U / IAMB PENTAMETER= FIVE MEASURES

21 U / U / U / U / U / Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? U / U / U / U / U / Thou art more lovely and more temperate. U / U / U / U / U Rough winds do shake the darling buds of / May.

22 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimmed; And every fair from fair sometimes declines, By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed;

23 But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Now shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

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25 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?A Thou art more lovely and more temperate:B Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,A And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:B Sometime to hot the eye of heaven shines,C And often is his gold complexion dimmed;D And every fair from fair sometimes declines,C By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed; D But thy eternal summer shall not fade,E Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;F Now shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,E When in eternal lines to time thou growest:F So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,G So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.G

26 A Shakespearian Rhyme Scheme A B C D C D E F E F GG

27 Iambic Pentameter ababcdcdefef gg rhyme scheme (14 lines) Shakespearian Sonnet

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29 1. Define iambic pentameter. 2. Write a stressed symbol. 3. Write an unstressed symbol. 4. Write the stress and unstressed symbols for: supercalifragilisticexpialidocious 5. A rhyme scheme is like a _________. 6. Write the Shakespearian Rhyme Scheme. 7. Who created this rhyme scheme? 8. All Shakespearian sonnets must have _____.


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