Presentation on theme: "The Sonnet. Sonnet Structure There are fourteen lines. The first twelve lines are divided into three quatrains with four lines each. Problem established."— Presentation transcript:
Sonnet Structure There are fourteen lines. The first twelve lines are divided into three quatrains with four lines each. Problem established in the quatrains. The problem is resolved in the final two lines, called the couplet.
Rhyme Scheme The rhyme scheme of the quatrains is abab cdcd efef. The couplet has the rhyme scheme gg.
This sonnet structure is commonly called The English sonnet The Shakespearean sonnet The Elizabethan sonnet
Rhythm/Meter Shakespeares sonnets are written predominantly in a meter called iambic pentameter, a rhyme scheme in which each sonnet line consists of ten syllables. The syllables are divided into five pairs called iambs or iambic feet. An iamb is a metrical unit made up of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable. An example of an iamb would be good BYE. A line of iambic pentameter flows like this: baBOOM / baBOOM / baBOOM / baBOOM / baBOOM.
Examples from the sonnets: When I / do COUNT / the CLOCK / that TELLS / the TIME Sonnet 12
Sonnet 29 When IN / dis GRACE / with FOR / tune AND / mens EYES I ALL / a LONE / be WEEP / my OUT/ cast STATE When IN / dis GRACE / with FOR / tune AND / mens EYES I ALL / a LONE / be WEEP / my OUT/ cast STATE
Sonnet 18 Shall I / com PARE/ thee TO / a SUM / mers DAY? Thou ART / more LOVE / ly AND / more TEM / per ATE
SONNET 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
OOOOH Baby I think I shall compare you to a summer day But, you know, you're prettier and even better, even calm Because sometimes it gets windy and the buds on the trees get shaken off And sometimes summer doesn't last very long Sometimes it's too hot And everything gorgeous loses its looks By getting hit by a truck Or just because everyone and everything gets old and ugly and shabby BUT (and here's the turn) you're going to keep your looks for ever Your beauty will last for ever I'm going to make sure that you never lose your good looks And that nasty old Death can never brag about owning you Because I shall write this poem about you As long as men can breathe (are you breathing?) As long as men can see (are you looking at this poem?) Then this poem lives, and it gives life and memory to your beauty.
SONNET 71 No longer mourn for me when I am dead Then you shall hear the surly sullen bell Give warning to the world that I am fled From this vile world, with vilest worms to dwell: Nay, if you read this line, remember not The hand that writ it; for I love you so That I in your sweet thoughts would be forgot If thinking on me then should make you woe. O, if, I say, you look upon this verse When I perhaps compounded am with clay, Do not so much as my poor name rehearse. But let your love even with my life decay, Lest the wise world should look into your moan And mock you with me after I am gone.