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World Religions: Islam.

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Presentation on theme: "World Religions: Islam."— Presentation transcript:

1 World Religions: Islam

2 John 14:6 Islam “I (Jesus) am the Way and the Truth
and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me.” World Religions: Islam

3 What is Islam? Islam is the world’s second largest religion with a following of over 1 billion people. World Religions: Islam

4 What is Islam? Islam The word “Islam” means “submission
to God”. The word “muslim” means “one who submits to God”. Islam = religion Muslim = follower World Religions: Islam

5 Where is Islam? Islam has spread across the whole world, but the largest populations of Muslims are found in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia, in an area known as the 10/40 Window. World Religions: Islam



8 Islam Where is Islam? Percentages by nationality: Asian – 60%
Arab – 22% Sub-Saharan Africa – 12% Eastern Europe – 5% Other – 1% World Religions: Islam

9 Origin Islam Islam was founded in 610AD by
a man named Mohammed. Mohammed was a merchant/trader who lived in a polytheistic area/culture. World Religions: Islam

10 Origin At the age of 40, Mohammed received a vision from the angel Gabriel, who gave him the “shahada” – “There is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his messenger.” World Religions: Islam

11 Origin Mohammed began preaching his message, but gained few followers early on, and was actually persecuted in his home area (Mecca). He and his followers fled to Medina. World Religions: Islam

12 Origin In Medina, Mohammed united conflicting tribes, and later returned to Mecca with 10,000 followers and conquered it. By the time of his death in 632AD, most of Arabia had converted to Islam. World Religions: Islam

13 The Qur’an Mohammed reported receiving “ayah” (revelations) from Allah until his death. These revelations form the verses of the Qur’an (Koran), the Muslim “bible”. World Religions: Islam

14 The Qur’an Islam Muslims also consider the Torah
(first five books of the Old Testament) as sacred and divinely given by Allah. World Religions: Islam

15 Beliefs Islam Islam has seven fundamental beliefs
that every Muslim must accept: World Religions: Islam

16 Beliefs Islam Belief in Allah Belief in the angels (good and bad)
Belief in the “books of god” Belief in the prophets (Mohammed, Adam, Abraham, Moses, etc.) World Religions: Islam

17 Beliefs Islam 5. Belief in the “last/judgment day”
6. Belief in the divine measurement of human affairs (Allah’s justice) 7. Belief in life after death. World Religions: Islam

18 Beliefs Islam Muslims also believe in Satan, heaven,
and hell. They also believe that Ishmael (the father of the Arab world), not Isaac (the father of the Jewish world) received the promise of God’s covenant. World Religions: Islam

19 Beliefs Islam About God/the Trinity: Muslims reject
the Christian belief in one God in three Persons. Islam teaches that there is one god and his name is Allah, not Yahweh (the God of the Bible). World Religions: Islam

20 Beliefs Islam About Jesus: Muslims believe that Jesus
(Isa al Masih) existed, but He was just another of Allah’s prophets, not God-in-the-flesh. Though Jesus is respected and revered, Mohammed is considered a greater man and prophet than Jesus. World Religions: Islam

21 Beliefs Islam About the Bible: Muslims recognize
parts of the Bible as true, but believe that most of the Bible is corrupted and inaccurate. World Religions: Islam

22 Salvation Muslims believe in a works-based salvation. In other words, there are certain things you have to do to earn your salvation. World Religions: Islam

23 Salvation Islam To be saved, Muslims must completely
obey Allah, the Koran, and the “Five Pillars of Islam”. World Religions: Islam

24 Salvation Islam The Five Pillars of Islam:
1. Shahada (Affirmation) – Consistent recitation of and belief in the creed that “there is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet/messenger”. World Religions: Islam

25 Salvation Islam The Five Pillars of Islam:
2. As-Salah (Prayer) – Praying toward Mecca (the holy city) five times a day. World Religions: Islam

26 Salvation Islam The Five Pillars of Islam:
3. Zakah (Almsgiving) – Giving a minimum of 2.5% of their income to the poor. World Religions: Islam

27 Salvation Islam The Five Pillars of Islam:
4. Siyam (Fasting) – Fasting from dawn to dusk every day during Ramadan (the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, when Mohammed received his first revelation from Allah). World Religions: Islam

28 Salvation Islam The Five Pillars of Islam:
5. Al-Hajji (Pilgrimage) – Traveling to Mecca (the holy city) at least once in their lifetime, if they are financially able. World Religions: Islam

29 Islam Misconceptions All Muslims are terrorists/extremists.
All Muslims believe in Jihad (violence/war against unbelievers). All Muslims oppress women. All Muslims are Arabic. World Religions: Islam

30 Similarities Islam Islam is similar to Christianity in many ways:
Belief in one god. Belief that Jesus existed. Belief in afterlife. Belief in benevolence. World Religions: Islam

31 Differences There are some pretty big differences between Islam and Christianity. Based on what we’ve learned so far, what do you think are some of those differences? World Religions: Islam

32 Differences Jesus – Muslims believe that Jesus existed and was a great prophet. Christians believe that Jesus was the Word made flesh, the Son of God, the Messiah, and that He is part of the Trinity – He is God! World Religions: Islam

33 Differences Islam The Bible – Muslims believe in only parts
of the Bible. Christians believe the Bible is the inspired Word of God. World Religions: Islam

34 Differences Salvation – Muslims believe they are saved by what they do. Christians believe they are saved by Who they know. World Religions: Islam

35 Differences Relationship with God – Muslims believe in knowing Allah through the Koran, through prayer, etc. Christians believe that when they believe in Jesus, the Holy Spirit (God) takes up residence in them and they know Him intimately. World Religions: Islam

36 Think about it... Many people say that Christians and Muslims worship the same god. What do you think? Is Allah the same as the God of the Bible? World Religions: Islam

37 Think about it... Muslims regard Jesus (Isa al Masih) as a divine prophet (messenger from Allah). What do you think – is that enough? Is it okay to think Jesus was just a good teacher, prophet, etc.? World Religions: Islam

38 Think about it... Will Muslims go to Heaven? World Religions: Islam

39 Relate If you ever have a chance to have a conversation or become friends with a Muslim, here are some tips! World Religions: Islam

40 Relate LISTEN. Be a good friend. Many Muslim cultures put a high value on friendship/hospitality. Do NOT tear down their faith or beliefs. Ask lots of questions. World Religions: Islam

41 Relate Islam Here are some good questions to ask:
What led you to believe/follow Islam? What have you been taught about Jesus? How do you know you’ve done enough in Allah’s eyes to be saved? World Religions: Islam

42 Wrap-Up Do you have any thoughts/questions? World Religions: Islam

43 John 14:6 Islam “I (Jesus) am the Way and the Truth
and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me.” World Religions: Islam

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