Presentation on theme: "Religions in SW Asia Unit 8 - SW Asia and N Africa."— Presentation transcript:
Religions in SW Asia Unit 8 - SW Asia and N Africa
Three of the major world religions began in Southwest Asia
Judaism Judaism is the religion of the Jews It began in Palestine about 3,000 years ago.
Judaism Jews were the first to believe in a single God (monotheism)
Judaism The rules of behavior and the history of their people are written in their holy book the Torah. The Old Testament of the Christian Bible and the Torah include the same books and writings.
Judaism Jews believe that a Messiah will come to the earth and save their people
Christianity Christianity developed from Judaism
Christianity Based on the teachings of Jesus Christ, believed to be the Son of God and the Messiah.
Christianity The New Testament of the Christian Bible contains the teachings and accounts of Jesus’ followers.
Islam Islam has the same roots as Judaism and Christianity. All three religions go back to the God of Abraham
Islam Islam is based on teachings of Muhammad, believed to be a prophet of God
Islam Muslims believe that Jesus was also a prophet of God, but not the Son of God
Muslim A Muslim is a person who follows Islam
Koran The Qur’an (Koran) is Islam’s sacred book of writings. Muhammad’s words are written here.
Mosque A mosque is an Islamic place of worship.
Islam - Two Branches There are two major branches of Islam: Sunni (85%), and Shiite (15%). There is a lot of conflict between these two branches.
Fundamentalism There is a small group of Muslim fundamentalists that have traditional beliefs about behavior and appearance. They believe in family unity, male dominance over women and children, and no outside (non-religious) influences.
the Five Pillars Muslims follow religious duties, called the Five Pillars.
Faith Faith in God and in Mohammed as the messenger of God
Prayer Prayer five times each day, facing Mecca (the holiest city of Islam)
Charity Charity - giving money to the less fortunate
Fasting Fasting - not eating or drinking between sunrise and sunset during the holy month of Ramadan.
Pilgrimage Pilgrimage (hajj) a journey to Mecca at least once in their lifetime