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Islam ©CSCOPE 2008
Quotes from the Koran 42.3] Thus does Allah, the Mighty, the Wise, reveal to you, and (thus He revealed) to those before you.
©CSCOPE 2008 Quotes from the Koran [42.4] His is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth, and He is the High, the Great.
©CSCOPE 2008 Quotes from the Koran [42.5] The heavens may almost rend asunder from above them and the angels sing the praise of their Lord and ask forgiveness for those on earth; now surely Allah is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
©CSCOPE 2008 What is Islam? Islam teaches that one can only find peace by submitting to Almighty God (Allah) in heart, soul and deed. "Salaam alaykum," ("Peace be with you"), the universal Muslim greeting.
©CSCOPE 2008 Who is a Muslim? Muslim –A person who believes in and consciously follows Islam Islam –Believe in Allah and recognize Muhammad as the last prophet.
©CSCOPE 2008 How Many and Where?: a major world religion over 1 billion followers worldwide (1/5 of the world population). Monotheistic, along with Judaism and Christianity.
©CSCOPE 2008 How Many and Where? Less than 10% of Muslims are in fact Arab. Muslims are found all over the world, of every nation, color and race.
©CSCOPE 2008 Who is Allah?: Allah is the Almighty God Also called the Creator, the Sustainer, the Merciful, the Compassionate, etc. Allah alone is the Creator, He alone deserves our devout love and worship.
©CSCOPE 2008 How strict is the religion? Strictly Monotheistic Any worship and prayers directed at saints, prophets, other human beings or nature is considered idolatry (unacceptable)
©CSCOPE 2008 Five Pillars of Faith As part of the Islam religion, all true Muslims must perform 5 duties, called the Five Pillars of Faith.
©CSCOPE 2008 Shahada (affirmation) The duty to recite the creed: "There is nothing worthy of worship save Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God"worship
©CSCOPE 2008 Salat (prayer) The duty to worship the One God in prayer five times each dayprayer
©CSCOPE 2008 Zakat (almsgiving) The duty to give away alms and to help the needy
©CSCOPE 2008 Siyam –(fasting) The duty to keep the Fast of Ramadan
©CSCOPE 2008 Hajj –(pilgrimage) The duty to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime (Hijrah)
©CSCOPE 2008 Muhammad –Born in 570 (?) –considered the founder of Islam. –Caravan Manager from Mecca, rich trading city and host to many religious shrines (Kabah); married to a rich widow –Became disillusioned with the corruption in the city and the growing gap between the urban dwellers and the Bedouins (nomadic herders)
©CSCOPE 2008 –While meditating in the hills, the Angel Gabriel visited him and revealed to him that he was the next and final prophet. –Recited the revelations (later written down as the Quran)
©CSCOPE 2008 –He began to preach but attracted few followers; many enemies feared he would upset the political and social order. –So in 622, Muhammad and his followers fled to Medina. (the Hegira)
©CSCOPE 2008 Islamic Beliefs
©CSCOPE 2008 –No separation between Church and State. –Belief that salvation and the afterlife will be obtained by submitting to the will of Allah.
©CSCOPE 2008 –Quran (Koran): ethics and laws of the Islamic community Written in Arabic and cannot officially be translated to another language. To study the Quran you must learn Arabic. Book of the writings of the prophet Muhammad
©CSCOPE 2008 Growth of Islam –Medina supported Muhammad and he attracted the support of the Bedouins. –In 630, Muhammad returned to Mecca (the Holy City of the Islamic Faith) with a force of 10,000 soldiers and quickly took the city. –As Islam began to spread through the Arabian Peninsula, Muhammad died in 632.
©CSCOPE 2008 Why did Islam spread? Easy to learn and practice No priesthood Non-Muslims in conqueror territory are allowed religious freedom (for an additional tax) Spread through trade route Jihad (Holy Struggle): Holy War against infidels and it is the expansion of the Islamic state and control.
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