2Complete the worksheet as you go. Tundra ICT AssignmentUse this resource to learn more about the Tundra, its location, climate and people.Complete the worksheet as you go.Use the forward arrows to progress and the tabs on the left to change topic.Have fun!!
3Population density is a measure of how many people live in a place. If an area has a high population density (lots of people living there) then it is said to be densely populated.If an area has a low population density (very few people living there) then it is said to be sparsely populated.
4People are not evenly spread throughout the world. Population densityPeople are not evenly spread throughout the world.Some areas, like the north pole or the Amazon rainforest, have very few people living there and these areas are called the empty lands.These areas are empty for a reason: they may be too hot, too cold, too wet or too mountainous.
5Population densityOther areas, like New York, London and Tokyo, are very busy. These areas are called crowded lands.These areas may be crowded because they have flat land, a good climate, plenty of shops and services, good transport facilities and things to do.
6The TundraOne sparsely populated area is found in the Arctic Circle. These frozen cold lands are called the tundra.The tundra is covered in ice for most of the year and temperatures range from a freezing -40˚C up to a chilly 5˚C.During the winter there is nearly 24 hours darkness and nearly 24 hours daylight in the summer.
9Location of the TundraThis picture shows the different temperatures of the earth: the middle – the equator - is very warm with the north and south very chilly!! This is because the sun is very close to the equator but is far away from the north and south pole.Tundra
10So where do we find the Tundra? Location of The TundraSo where do we find the Tundra?Click here to find out!
11So where do we find the Tundra? Location of The TundraSo where do we find the Tundra?Click here to find out!The Tundra is found along the Northern most edges of North America, Europe and Asia.
13Climate of The TundraThe climate of the Tundra is very different to anywhere else on earth. It has a maximum temperature of 10 ºC and a minimum temperature of -20 ºC but it can get as cold as – 40 ºC!Tundra areas are also known as “cold deserts” because they have a very low yearly rainfall: less than 250mm.
14Climate of The TundraTo measure the climate of an area we use a Climate Graph. A climate graph shows both temperature and rainfall.This makes it easy to compare the temperature with the rainfall.
16RainfallLowest rainfall 5 mmHighest Rainfall 20 mm
17Climate of The Tundra(Climate Graph)TemperatureRainfall
18Climate of The TundraJFMASONDTemp (C)-22-25-15-835-2-17-20Rainfall (MM)8761011229This table shows the typical temperature and rainfall for each month in the Tundra. The summer is the warmest and wettest and the winter is the coldest and driest.
19Snow PeopleYou may think that the Tundra is empty apart from snow, ice, wind and the odd animal but you would be mistaken.The Inuit people have survived over thousand of years in the Tundra feeding on caribou (reindeer), seals, whales and fish.Inuit previously lived in igloos but now life for the Inuit is very similar to life in Scotland: they shop in supermarkets (although they still hunt occasionally as food is expensive), they drive in cars (as it’s too cold to walk) and they live in houses like ours (except they’re on stilts so they don’t melt the ice).
21Snow PeopleThe Inuit have their own language called Inuktitut. Below is an example of Inuktitut with English letters next to it.
22Snow People Music and Dance Drum dancing is a popular form of Inuit music. The singers (usually women) sit in a circle, while the men danced. Singing is also an important part of Inuit culture.Arts and CraftsInuit created art using the materials they had around them: wood, ivory, skin, bone and antlers. Using these materials, they have carved and decorated everyday objects.