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CLIMATE. CLIMATE 3 MAIN TYPES POLAR (high latitude – 60 – 90 degrees N/S Very low Temps. POLAR (high latitude – 60 – 90 degrees N/S Very low Temps. TEMPERATE.

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Presentation on theme: "CLIMATE. CLIMATE 3 MAIN TYPES POLAR (high latitude – 60 – 90 degrees N/S Very low Temps. POLAR (high latitude – 60 – 90 degrees N/S Very low Temps. TEMPERATE."— Presentation transcript:

1 CLIMATE

2 CLIMATE 3 MAIN TYPES POLAR (high latitude – 60 – 90 degrees N/S Very low Temps. POLAR (high latitude – 60 – 90 degrees N/S Very low Temps. TEMPERATE (middle latitude 30 – 60 degrees N/S) Temps vary greatly TEMPERATE (middle latitude 30 – 60 degrees N/S) Temps vary greatly TROPICS (low latitude 0-30 degrees N/S) Very high temps TROPICS (low latitude 0-30 degrees N/S) Very high temps

3 CLIMOGRAPH

4 CLIMATE CONTROLS LATITUDE (angle of incidence) LATITUDE (angle of incidence) ALTITUDE ALTITUDE MOUNTAINS (barriers) MOUNTAINS (barriers) OCEAN CURRENTS OCEAN CURRENTS WATER VS. LAND WATER VS. LAND CYCLONIC STORMS CYCLONIC STORMS PRESSURES PRESSURES

5 RAINFOREST Af Tropical Climate Tropical Climate Little temp. difference (hot) Little temp. difference (hot) rainfall greater than 100 inches due to convection rainfall greater than 100 inches due to convection Thick vegetation Thick vegetation ex. Zaire, Amazon, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sumatra ex. Zaire, Amazon, Indonesia, Malaysia, Sumatra

6 RAINFOREST

7 RAINFOREST

8 DESERT Bh Tropical Climate Tropical Climate Located near degrees (High Pressure) Located near degrees (High Pressure) High temps, low humidity, clear High temps, low humidity, clear rainfall less than 10 in. rainfall less than 10 in. sparse vegetation sparse vegetation ex. W. USA, Gobi (asia), Sahara (africa), Middle east ex. W. USA, Gobi (asia), Sahara (africa), Middle east

9 DESERT

10 Desert

11 STEPPE TROPICAL CLIMATE TROPICAL CLIMATE LOCATED NEAR DESERTS LOCATED NEAR DESERTS WARM TEMPS. WARM TEMPS IN OF RAINFALL IN OF RAINFALL POLISH WORD MEANING GRASSLAND POLISH WORD MEANING GRASSLAND US STATES WEST OF 100 TH MERIDIAN US STATES WEST OF 100 TH MERIDIAN

12 STEPPE

13 SAVANNA LOCATED NEAR AREAS OF LOW PRESSURE LOCATED NEAR AREAS OF LOW PRESSURE SUMMER – WARM DAY AND NIGHT SUMMER – WARM DAY AND NIGHT WINTER WARM DAY AND COOL NIGHT WINTER WARM DAY AND COOL NIGHT WET/DRY SEASONS WET/DRY SEASONS VEGETATION – TALL GRASS WITH SCATTERED TREES VEGETATION – TALL GRASS WITH SCATTERED TREES TARZAN MADE HIS HOME HERE TARZAN MADE HIS HOME HERE AFRICA, S. AMERICA, S. FLORIDA AFRICA, S. AMERICA, S. FLORIDA

14 SAVANNA

15 SAVANNA

16 MARINE WEST COAST Found along west edge of continents Found along west edge of continents Temp is warm and mild Temp is warm and mild Rainfall is in. Rainfall is in. Heavy vegetation on windward side of mts. Heavy vegetation on windward side of mts. controls include mountains and ocean controls include mountains and ocean Ex. N.W. coast of US. N.W. europe Ex. N.W. coast of US. N.W. europe

17 MARINE WEST COAST

18

19 MIDDLE LAT. DESERT AND STEPPE Found in interior of continents Found in interior of continents Dry and warm Dry and warm Little precipitation. 10 – 20 in. Little precipitation. 10 – 20 in. winter season – cold winter season – cold Midwest Midwest

20 MIDDLE LAT. DESERT AND STEPPE

21

22 MEDITERRANEAN S.W. coast of continents, along horse lat. S.W. coast of continents, along horse lat. warm dry summers. mild winters warm dry summers. mild winters summer is dry (H pressure) summer is dry (H pressure) winter rainfall due to shifting High pressure winter rainfall due to shifting High pressure Best climate clear skies, low humidity Best climate clear skies, low humidity S. Cali, S. Africa, Shores of mediterranean sea. S. Cali, S. Africa, Shores of mediterranean sea.

23 MEDITERRANEAN

24 MEDITERRANEAN

25 HUMID SUBTROPICAL S.E. edge of continents degrees lat. S.E. edge of continents degrees lat. Extremes in temps usually mild winters Extremes in temps usually mild winters rainfall in a year. rainfall in a year. Heavy plant growth and forests Heavy plant growth and forests cyclonic storms are controlling factor cyclonic storms are controlling factor S.E. U.S. S.E. U.S.

26 HUMID SUBTROPICAL

27

28 HUMID CONTINENTAL N.E. area of continents N.E. area of continents EXTREMES in temps. summer is warm and humid, winter is cold with snow EXTREMES in temps. summer is warm and humid, winter is cold with snow rainfall – 30 in. rainfall – 30 in. cyclonic storms cyclonic storms

29 HUMID CONTINENTAL

30 MOUNTAIN Rockies, Appalachians Rockies, Appalachians Temperature, pressure decrease with altitude Temperature, pressure decrease with altitude precip on windward sides precip on windward sides Vegetation becomes sparse with increase in vegetation. Vegetation becomes sparse with increase in vegetation.

31 MOUNTAIN

32 SUBARCTIC degrees lat degrees lat. Cold winters, short summers Cold winters, short summers in of rainfall in of rainfall Taiga Forest (pine) Taiga Forest (pine) Biggest climate in N. America Biggest climate in N. America Greatest temp range. -59 to +70 Greatest temp range. -59 to +70

33 SUBARCTIC

34 SUBARCTIC

35 TUNDRA Boarders lands of icecap Boarders lands of icecap VERRRRRRY cold VERRRRRRY cold 10 in. of precip. 10 in. of precip. Permafrost, small shrubs, moss, lichens Permafrost, small shrubs, moss, lichens found only in northern hemisphere found only in northern hemisphere eskimos eskimos 9 months avg. below freezing. 9 months avg. below freezing.

36 TUNDRA

37 ICECAP N.P. and S.P. N.P. and S.P. Temp never above freezing Temp never above freezing snow maybe 2-3 miles thick snow maybe 2-3 miles thick official low degrees F. official low degrees F. Few inhabitants Few inhabitants Land of the six month sun. Land of the six month sun.

38 ICECAP

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