encourages – gives someone courage or confidence; urges on expression – the act of putting into words or visual medium local – about a certain place, especially nearby; not far away native – belonging to someone because of that person’s birth
settled – set up the first towns and farms in an area social – concerned with human beings as a group support – to help; aid
canvas - a type of cloth, often made of cotton canvas murals – large paintings painted directly on a wallmurals residents – people who live in a place appreciates – admires greatly, values
downhearted – low in spirit, depressed pondered – reflected or considered with thought and care Next slide Next slide
carlos and maria created a mural about they’re culture Carlos and Maria created a mural about their culture. the class helped carlos and she with the desine The class helped Carlos and her with the design.
The mural speaks to the school children. It tells them that education is the key to success. These two sentences could be combined into one sentence. The mural speaks to the school children and tells them that education is the key to success.
When you combine sentences, you join two sentences that are about the same topic. You make them into one sentence. You can combine two simple sentences and make a compound sentence. Add a comma and a conjunction, such as and, but, or or.
Our class will paint a mural. We don’t know when. Our class will paint a mural, but we don’t know when.
You can combine two sentences that have the same subject. The mural has bright colors. The mural showed many people. The mural has bright colors and showed many people.
You can combine two sentences that have the same predicate. Michael liked the mural. I liked the mural. Michael and I liked the mural.
Combine each pair of short sentences into a compound sentence. Use a comma and the conjunction in ( ). People in France explored caves. They found murals.(and) People in France explored caves, and they found murals.
Were the murals painted by modern people? Were they painted by cave people long ago? (or) Were the murals painted by modern people, or were they painted by cave people long ago?
Combine each pair of sentences. Use the underlined words only once in your new sentence. Horses were painted on the cave murals. Other animals were painted on the cave murals. Horses and other animals were painted on the cave murals.
The cave artists were creative. The cave artists were talented. The cave artists were creative and talented.
Turn to page 344. Good silent readers read carefully and correct words that they read incorrectly. As I read, notice how I self- correct when I misread a word. Now read page 344 silently two times.
the classes paints the mural on a large wal of the sccool The classes paint the mural on a large wall of the school. we didnt know what great artests we had We didn’t know what great artists we had.
Combine sentences by joining two sentences about the same topic. Combine two simple sentences into a compound sentence by adding a comma and a conjunction.
Combine two sentences that have the same subject by combining the predicates. Combine two sentences that have the same predicate by combining the subjects.
the class’s mural feachures a celebration, and is painted in bright colors. The class’s mural features a celebration and is painted in bright colors. the mural is the most biggest piece of art in the neighbor hood The mural is the biggest piece of art in the neighborhood.
Combining sentences can help writers avoid wordiness caused by repeating subjects and predicates. Wordy: The artists painted a bright background. The artists drew people at a celebration. Less Wordy: The artists painted a bright background and people at a celebration.
carlos begun a sculpchure to go with the mural Carlos began a sculpture to go with the mural. he is making it out of clay and he will finish it next tuesday He is making it out of clay, and he will finish it next Tuesday.
You may be asked to identify the correct way to combine two sentences. Remember that when two simple sentences are made into a compound sentence, a comma must be added before the conjunction. Commas are not added when two subjects or two predicates are combined.
Incorrect: Jay drew and Mary painted. Jay painted the mural, and made a sculpture. Correct: Jay drew, and Mary painted. Jay painted the mural and made a sculpture.
Question of the Day Why is freedom of expression important?
Concept Vocabulary Fact and Opinion Rhythm/Cadence Glossary Grammar: Combining Sentences Spelling: Words with –tion, -sion, -ture Reference Sources Freedom of Expression
A statement of fact is something that can be proven to be correct or incorrect. A statement of opinion gives thoughts or ideas and are not right or wrong. Even when you read nonfiction, authors sometimes include opinions.
Rhythm is the pattern of sounds in speech or writing. Many poems have an obvious rhythm. However, all writing has rhythm. To understand a selection’s rhythm, it is best to read aloud. Use punctuation as a guide as to when to stop, pause, and continue.
You can use the glossary at the back of a book to find the meaning of some unfamiliar words. List any unknown words you found in “Talking Walls” in the chart and look up its definition.
the mural was a success and the class will paint unother soon The mural was a success, and the class will paint another soon. what subjec will they choose for the next mural What subject will they choose for the next mural?
You have learned some common word parts that appear in many different words. question, vision, culture How many syllables do you hear in question? What is the first syllable? What is the second syllable? Which syllable have you seen in many other words? Let’s look at vision and culture.
expansion relationship signature comprehension exhaustion structure subtraction variation The class got permission to visit the nature center. We will show our invention at the science convention. Each storyteller told a different version of the traditional folk tale. Did you complete the revision of your picture book yet?
We studied the schwa sound in unaccented syllables. Read this sentence to yourself. Raise your hand when you know which words have the schwa sound.
A parrot sat on Pirate John’s hat. Which vowel stands for the schwa sound in parrot? Which vowel stands for the schwa sound in Pirate? Does the schwa sound appear in accented or the unaccented syllables?
fossil ketchup father Scotland instant budget gather lion forest pedal shovel lemon Ben dreamed he saw a dragon in the kitchen. We often travel to the beach in August. Mom’s muffins won a medal at the fair. My sister and I ate the whole melon.
Name some reference sources you are familiar with and tell what kind of information the sources contain. A telephone directory is a reference that we use often.
A telephone directory is a book of telephone numbers for an area. It is organized alphabetically by last name. The listings in a telephone directory are located in a local area.
Some telephone directories have a business listing. It is a separate alphabetical list of businesses in the local area.
Many telephone directories have a section called the yellow page. Businesses can advertise in the yellow pages of a telephone directory.
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