Published byCharles Watson Modified over 9 years ago
6 Traits and More: A Practical Approach to Teaching Writing Effectively
by Courtney Kistemann
You Will Learn…. What are the 6 traits
What does “Leaping the River” mean How the 6 traits fits into the writing process Fun activities to do at home How to prep for AIMS writing
Types of Writing Formal and Informal Letters Personal Narrative
Expository Writing Functional Text Persuasive Text Literary Response Research Writing 3
The Six Traits of Writing
1. Ideas 2. Organization 3. Voice 4. Word Choice 5. Sentence Fluency 6. Conventions This program was developed by creative teachers and modified for international use at the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory
Ideas and Content Writing has a main idea that is clear and well thought out Author includes “beyond-the-obvious” detail Ideas demonstrate clarity, focus, sense of purpose Ideas and supporting details paint a picture Very often brainstorming, graphic organizers, story starters or narrative prompts can be used to help students get started.
The writer should: Show not tell
“Don’t tell me the moon is shining; show me the glint of light on broken glass” Anton Chekhov Be original and write from experience Make sure that the piece being written is interesting so that the reader will want to read all the way to the end First and last impression are key Is your writing a tasty gourmet burger or is it from the dollar menu
Scoring Anchor Papers Imagine that a pair of shoes has wings. Write about what happens when someone puts them on.
Organization… More than Just Paragraphs
Deals with how you organize the ideas More than beginning, middle and end Ideas flow from one paragraph to another (transitions) Introductions hook reader and introduce theme, main idea and purpose Conclusion is interesting and leaves the reader satisfied
Writing a Personal Narrative Activity
Voice Writing portrays the author’s personality
Author uses voice appropriate to topic and audience Expresses author’s feelings towards subject Is there real passion? Does the author care? 10
Developing Characters Voice… with Hats
Word Choice Student uses creative language (similes and metaphors)
Stays away from said and other graveyard words Uses action verbs Descriptive language Uses appropriate and interesting words Stays away from slang and common jargon
Wanted Monster Poster 13
Fluency Students write complete sentences
Sentence style and length vary Appropriate transitions are used that helps the flow and rhythm of the piece No run-ons (wordy language) Text begs to be read aloud
Writing Complete Sentences
Complete sentences must contain a subject and a predicate. Students must know the definitions of the parts of speech in order to write complete sentences.
Sentence Variation Sentence variation means that sentences should not all start with the same word or phrase, and the vocabulary within a sentence should vary. The structure of sentences should also vary, so that the piece does not begin to sound sing-songy or immature. 16
Transitions Transitional words are words that string together sentences or ideas. Transitions can use words such as and, but, nonetheless, however, in addition, for example, similarly, also and moreover. Students need to see examples of these words in use in order to put good transitions to work. 17
Conventions Grammar Punctuation Spelling
The best thing is to teach your child to read their work aloud. They will be able to hear the mistakes
6 Traits and The Writing Process
Step 1 – Pre-write/Plan Generate, develop, & think about ideas, organization, voice Step 2 – Draft Develop ideas, organize ideas, use voice, sentence fluency and word choice Step 3 – Revise Add, delete, develop, adjust: ideas, organization, voice, sentence fluency, word choice Step 4 – Edit Find problems and correct conventions Step 5 – Publish Share the completed writing Revision vs. Editing Activity 19
FAT-P Prompt- “Your parents just got a tax return and want to use the money to redo the backyard. Write a letter to your parents describing what you think should be done to the backyard. F- What is the format? A- Who is the audience? T- Underline the topic. P- What is the purpose? Help your child identify FAT-P often in preparation for AIMS
Ways to Assess Students can evaluate their pieces using checklists and rubrics Parents and Eagleridge teachers should guide, help evaluate and make suggestions When evaluating give constructive comments Formative assessment should always be done so that students can work toward improvement Portfolios 21
Best Teaching Practices
I do…you do…we do Model, model, model Read and discuss great authors together Use research-based methods such as square writing, writer’s workshop, teaching the quality of writing, 6 traits + 1 writing….and more Become familiar with AZ state standards
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