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Professor Karen Malone Child Friendly Kazakhstan Designing and implementing a national child friendly cities recognition and accreditation program.

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Presentation on theme: "Professor Karen Malone Child Friendly Kazakhstan Designing and implementing a national child friendly cities recognition and accreditation program."— Presentation transcript:

1 Professor Karen Malone Child Friendly Kazakhstan Designing and implementing a national child friendly cities recognition and accreditation program

2 What is a Child-friendly City? “A child-friendly city is a system of good local governance committed to the fullest implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child” (UNICEF 2004)

3 UNICEF’s Child-friendly Cities Initiative UNICEF Child Friendly City Initiative through its UNICEF country and regional offices and national commissions aims to guide cities and other systems of local governance in the inclusion of children’s rights as a key component of their goals, policies, programmes and structures.

4 UNICEF’s Child-friendly Cities There are 62 countries supporting UNICEF child friendly cities initiatives and many thousands of cities who are working to be or are accredited as child friendly cities. Brazil alone has over 1700 child friendly cities in rural regions and 200 urban cities registered in their program

5 UNICEF’s Child-friendly Cities Support Tools Framework for Action Research Initiative Criteria and Indicators Accreditation

6 Building Child-friendly Cities Framework of Action

7 UNICEF Child Friendly Cities Building Blocks 1.Children’s participation 2.A child friendly legal framework 3.A city-wide Children’s Rights Strategy 4.A Children’s rights Unit or Coordination 5.Child impact assessment & evaluation 6.A Children’s Budget 7.State of the City’s Children Report 8.Making Children’s Rights Known 9.Independent Advocacy for Children

8 UNICEF’s Child-friendly Cities Research Initiative Child Friendly Cities Research Initiative aims to improve policy development for children at the local level by promoting awareness of children’s rights among stakeholders, mobilising communities and children, and generating data on the situation of children in participating cities and communities.

9 UNICEF’s Child-friendly Cities Research Initiative The initiative provides a package of participatory assessment tools which are designed to be easily adapted to local contexts and to be used by a variety of actors including children themselves, caregivers, community providers and municipal authorities.

10 UNICEF’s Child-Friendly Cities Indicators Criteria and indicators based on Convention on Rights of Children have been developed in different countries to determine the level of child friendliness of cities and towns of different sizes. In the case of an accreditation mechanism or award strategy, only a city, town or community that performs well according to the indicators defined is considered a child friendly city.

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13 UNICEF’s Child-Friendly Cities Accreditation Aim: To improve children’s lives Key approach: Promoting good local governance; Children’s participation; Placing children and their rights at the centre Task: Municipalities commit to developing a strategy to improve and monitor the situation of children and to mobilize adequate resources to achieve specific agreed upon goals.

14 Comparisons Global Child Friendly Cities Accreditation models Different Organising Models CompetitionSelf-selectionApplication Brazil Indonesia Philippines Dominican Republic Morrocco France Spain Switzerland

15 Key elements across models Judge Criteria Process Cycle a body or a group of officials who coordinate and manage the process a set of criteria or indicators that are met through the development of certain programs, activities or services judging process that to be conducted on a regular basis for initial accreditation and reaccreditation set period of accreditation after which time a reapplication is necessary Comparisons Global Child Friendly Cities Accreditation models

16 Hot School Meals, Saran City Kazakhstan Designing a Model of Accreditation for Kazakhstan

17 Major success for children in Kazakhstan Increase in city budgets for children - Kazakhstan

18 Major Success for children in Kazakhstan Infant mortality rates - Kazakhstan

19 Major Success for children in Kazakhstan Youth participation - Kazakhstan

20 Major Success for children in Kazakhstan Child friendly schools - Kazakhstan

21 Major Success for children in Kazakhstan Tree planting and playgrounds - Kazakhstan

22 Major Issues for Children in Kazakhstan Air & water quality - Kazakhstan

23 Major Issues for Children in Kazakhstan Preschool provision- Kazakhstan

24 Major Issues for Children in Kazakhstan Educational integration children with disabilities and special needs - Kazakhstan

25 Major Issues for Children in Kazakhstan Social orphans and children in institutions- Kazakhstan

26 Recommendations from Review Children and youth should be integral to, and participants in, the implementation, monitoring and judging of a city in terms of its commitment to changing children’s life conditions and the cities evidence of quality in delivering programs for child friendliness; Issues of equity and children’s non-discrimination are core and should be fundamental elements of the criteria for evaluating the quality of child friendliness;

27 Recommendations from Review Criteria and indicators used to assess child friendliness should be generic for the country and adapted directly from key articles in UNICEF Convention on the Rights of the Child; A recognition model should be initiated to support cities who are starting their child friendly cities program and this model should have a pathway into the accreditation program;

28 Recommendations from Review A city is not competing against other cities but against its own achievements, therefore providing detailed baseline data and having a city wide strategy and action plan is critical for cities in the beginning stages in order for cities to provide on going monitoring, assessment and evidence of improvement;

29 Recommendations from Review Cities should be accredited at different levels (i.e. bronze, silver, gold) of child friendliness according to the different stages they are at in terms of addressing the needs of children in their city with these different levels having different time limits; The maximum time for a city to be accredited as child friendly without resubmitting for reaccreditation should be 5 years.

30 Key elements used for Kazakhstan Model Judge Criteria Process Cycle a body or a group of officials who coordinate and manage the process a set of criteria or indicators that are met through the development of certain programs, activities or services judging process that to be conducted on a regular basis for initial accreditation and reaccreditation set period of accreditation after which time a reapplication is necessary

31 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Children’s Budget Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Develop Children’s Strategy & Action Plan Child/Youth Participation Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition Feedback & Recognition National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Feedback & Recognition National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Submit Portfolio + Strategy & Action plan 2. Recognition supported – Bronze level – 1 – 2 years 1. Recognition not supported- feedback report Waits for next expression of interest to apply for accreditation Builds on feedback to reapply for recognition Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Construct a Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit who will oversee and facilitate the design and implementation and monitoring of initiatives and accreditation

32 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Self Assessment data derived from community based surveys with child and community participation Aggregate data – country-wide statistical data, UNICEF State of World’s Children reporting, Country reports

33 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Implementation & Analysis Governance data A tool for any Local Authority (LA) that wishes to explore how to become children friendly. Based on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), Child Friendly Cities Framework for Action How LA respond children: collects data, listens to child/parents perspectives, makes policies, strategies and plans, works with and informs communities and trains staff

34 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Providing a situational analysis through an assets audit allows the city to collate what services and facilities are available for children in the city and also the quality of those facilities and services. Must account for the diverse population of young people their age, gender, ethnicity and location and the importance of non- discrimmination.

35 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Sign off a city wide resolution or memorandum of understanding between the key government, stakeholders and other community partners

36 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Children’s Budget Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Develop Children’s Strategy & Action Plan Child/Youth Participation Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Principles Goals & Priorities (short-long term) Principles Goals & Priorities (short-long term) Going beyond goals, statements of policy and principle the strategy needs to set real and achievable targets and a description of the process of implementation through an action plan

37 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Children’s Budget Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Develop Children’s Strategy & Action Plan Child/Youth Participation Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Children’s Budget Adequate resources and a commitment to a transparent budget that is made accessible to all citizens should be included with the strategy.

38 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders City-wide Resolution Key Stakeholders Children’s Budget Baseline (de-aggregated & aggregate) data Develop Children’s Strategy & Action Plan Child/Youth Participation Implementation & Analysis Governance data Asset Audit Facilities & Services Asset Audit Facilities & Services Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Baseline Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Mayor with community appoint members UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) Principles, Goals & Priorities (short-long term) STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Child/Youth Participation The best judge of how a city is providing for its children is the children and their families therefore a child friendly city strategy has at its heart the role of children and families as key knowledge generators and monitors of actions, services and facilities.

39 Kazakhstan Model of Recognition UNICEF Child Friendly Cities New Application - Recognition Feedback & Recognition National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Feedback & Recognition National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Submit Portfolio + Strategy & Action plan 2. Recognition supported – Bronze level – 1 – 2 years 1. Recognition not supported- feedback report Waits for next expression of interest to apply for accreditation Builds on feedback to reapply for recognition STAGE ONE Pre-Accreditation Child Friendly Committee Decision: 1. Not support the city as a recognized child friendly city, in which case they will be provided with feedback and asked to reapply when they have addressed any concerns the committee identified; 2. Recognise the city as a bronze level accreditation allowing the city to apply for accreditation at the next call for an expression of interest.

40 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Evidence of impact Baseline & Governance data Quality Audit Evaluating Facilities & Services Quality Audit Evaluating Facilities & Services Evaluation Child/Youth Participation Evaluation Strategy & Action Plan (incl. Budget) Evaluation Strategy & Action Plan (incl. Budget) Develop Accreditation Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Accreditation Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit National Child Friendly Cities Committee Calls for Expression of Interest (biannual) UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Submit Portfolio Calls for an expression of interest is sent out – cities apply for accreditation and must then submit a portfolio with evidence of their own self monitored progress

41 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Evidence of impact Baseline & Governance data Quality Audit Evaluating Facilities & Services Quality Audit Evaluating Facilities & Services Evaluation Child/Youth Participation Evaluation Strategy & Action Plan (incl. Budget) Evaluation Strategy & Action Plan (incl. Budget) Develop Accreditation Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Accreditation Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit National Child Friendly Cities Committee Calls for Expression of Interest (biannual) UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Submit Portfolio Develop Accreditation Portfolio By monitoring and evaluating progress against baseline data, past governance tool outcomes, success in engaging children, and all aspects of the action plan using the CFC indicators– cities produce evidence to support their case for accreditation to achieve status as child friendly,

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44 Child Friendly Country and City Progress Reports

45 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Submit Portfolio Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Portfolio and evidence should be submitted to the Regional office for Protection Child Rights. The office should provide a feedback report and send this to the judging panel.

46 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Portfolio and evidence should be submitted to the a community based panel which has children/youth and representatives form key community level organisations. The panel should provide a feedback report and send this to the judging panel.

47 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Members of Judging Panel: children and youth representatives, journalist/media representative, presidential elect, UNICEF representative, National Governments Child Rights Committee, NGO representatives, community/parent representative, a high profile ambassador. Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee

48 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Three possible decisions by panel: Accreditation is not supported city advised to respond to the panel feedback and reapply at a later date Silver level accreditation lasts two years and identifies city has fulfilled the basic requirements for being child friendly but has areas for improvement Gold level accreditation lasts 4 years acknowledges city as lighthouse, city of excellence and best practice in child friendliness.

49 Kazakhstan Model of (Re) Accreditation Feedback report child/youth/community organisations Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Feedback report Regional office for Protection Child Rights Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Accreditation Judging Panel National Level Child Friendly Cities Committee Evidence of impact Baseline & Governance data Quality Audit Evaluating Facilities & Services Quality Audit Evaluating Facilities & Services Evaluation Child/Youth Participation Evaluation Strategy & Action Plan (incl. Budget) Evaluation Strategy & Action Plan (incl. Budget) Develop Accreditation Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit Develop Accreditation Portfolio Mayor with Child Friendly Cities Coordinating Unit National Child Friendly Cities Committee Calls for Expression of Interest (biannual) UNICEF Child Friendly Cities (Re) Accreditation 1. Accreditation not supported - suspended 2. Accreditation supported - Silver level – 2 years 3. Accreditation supported - Gold level – 4 years Builds on feedback and waits for next expression of interest to reapply for accreditation Waits for 2 or 5 years respectively to reapply for accreditation STAGE TWO (Re) Accreditation Submit Portfolio By monitoring progress using the indicators cities are able to produce evidence to support their case for accreditation to achieve status as child friendly

50 Professor Karen Malone School of Education University of Western Sydney Bankstown NSW Thank you Visit to Technology centre, Urban Village, Solo-Surakarta Indonesia


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