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Applying a HRBA to Monitoring the Implementation of the AfT: Review of Basic Principles Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Buchanan, 15/11/2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Applying a HRBA to Monitoring the Implementation of the AfT: Review of Basic Principles Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Buchanan, 15/11/2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Applying a HRBA to Monitoring the Implementation of the AfT: Review of Basic Principles Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Lucila Beato UNMIL/HRPS Buchanan, 15/11/2012

2 1. What is Human Rights Based Approach (HRBA)? 2. The HRBA in the Development Processes 3. Linking Rights with Results: Monitoring and Evaluation

3 What is HRBA?

4  The development process is normatively based on international HR standards and principles  It recognizes human beings as rights-holders and establishes obligations for duty-bearers.  It focuses on discriminated and marginalized groups  It aims for the progressive achievement of all human rights  It gives equal importance to the outcome and process of development  The development process is normatively based on international HR standards and principles  It recognizes human beings as rights-holders and establishes obligations for duty-bearers.  It focuses on discriminated and marginalized groups  It aims for the progressive achievement of all human rights  It gives equal importance to the outcome and process of development What is a Human Rights Based Approach?

5 Rhetorical repackaging? Political conditionality? Adding human rights activities? What is a human rights-based approach to development?

6 A HRBA helps the UN and partners to answer 4 critical questions:  Who has been left behind and why?  What are they entitled to?  Who has to do something about it?  What do they need, to take action?

7 Intrinsic value based on universal values Universal legal standards for a life with dignity Instrumental to intervention strategies Addresses power inequalities and discrimination Deals with weaknesses in accountability systems Objective framework to manage conflicts and seek redress Institutional reasons (UN comparative advantage) Impartiality to deal with sensitive issues Holistic analysis and integral responses to problems Intrinsic value based on universal values Universal legal standards for a life with dignity Instrumental to intervention strategies Addresses power inequalities and discrimination Deals with weaknesses in accountability systems Objective framework to manage conflicts and seek redress Institutional reasons (UN comparative advantage) Impartiality to deal with sensitive issues Holistic analysis and integral responses to problems Why a human rights-based approach?

8 What is a Human Rights-Based Approach? Conscious and systematic integration of human rights standards and human rights principles in all aspects of programming work

9 Step by Step to a HRBA 1. Situation Assessment and Analysis 2. Planning and Design 4. Monitoring and Evaluation 3. Implementation Human Rights Principles

10 A HRBA… Emphasizes processes and outcomes Draws attention to marginalized populations Works towards equitable service delivery Extends and deepens participation Ensures local ownership of development processes Strengthens accountability of all actors

11 The Human Rights Based Approach in the Development Process

12 1.All programmes of development co-operation should further the realization of human rights as laid down in the UDHR and other international human rights instruments  The realization of human rights is the ultimate goal of all development programmes  HRBA influences the identification of the strategic priorities  Programming is informed by the recommendations of International HR bodies and mechanisms  The realization of human rights is the ultimate goal of all development programmes  HRBA influences the identification of the strategic priorities  Programming is informed by the recommendations of International HR bodies and mechanisms GOAL

13 2) Human rights standards and principles guide all development cooperation and programming in all sectors and in all phases of the programming process  Human Rights standards and principles improve the quality of outcomes and processes  Human rights standards delineate the ‘playing field’ in which development takes place  HR principles provide the “playing rules” for the development process.  Human Rights standards and principles improve the quality of outcomes and processes  Human rights standards delineate the ‘playing field’ in which development takes place  HR principles provide the “playing rules” for the development process. PROCESS

14 ASSESSMENT & ANALYSIS PRIORITY SETTING PROGRAMME PLANNING AND DESIGN IMPLEMENTATION MONITORING AND EVALUATION …The integration of human rights principles and standards into all stages of the programming process…

15 The normative content of the right: the type of claims and corresponding obligations contained in a right In programming, the standards guide: …Identification of development challenges as human rights issues (assessment) …Analysis of roles and capacities of rights-holders and duty bearers …Definition of development objectives …Formulation of corresponding benchmarks and indicators In programming, the standards guide: …Identification of development challenges as human rights issues (assessment) …Analysis of roles and capacities of rights-holders and duty bearers …Definition of development objectives …Formulation of corresponding benchmarks and indicators Human Rights Standards

16 Human Rights Principles  Universality and inalienability  Indivisibility  Interdependence and Inter- relatedness  Equality and non-discrimination  Participation and inclusion  Accountability and rule of law  Universality and inalienability  Indivisibility  Interdependence and Inter- relatedness  Equality and non-discrimination  Participation and inclusion  Accountability and rule of law

17 Empowerment ↑↑ Joint decision making ↑↑ Consultation ↑↑ Information sharing Empowerment ↑↑ Joint decision making ↑↑ Consultation ↑↑ Information sharing « The Government will promote farmer-based organization as representatives of farming communities and will ensure their role in local level planning. FBOs will play a key role in defining the kinds of services to be provided and will be the main mechanism for building the capacity of farmers » (Liberia PRS, p. 63). Participation and empowerment: both a means and an end

18 3) Development cooperation contributes to the development of the capacities of ‘duty-bearers’ to meet their obligations and/or of ‘rights-holders’ to claim their rights  Focus on relation individuals-State (claims- obligations)  Shifting development from service delivery as primary focus to building capacity to claim and fulfil human rights  States require capacity to strengthen national protection systems and comply with their obligations  Focus on relation individuals-State (claims- obligations)  Shifting development from service delivery as primary focus to building capacity to claim and fulfil human rights  States require capacity to strengthen national protection systems and comply with their obligations OUTCOME

19 Rights-holders and Duty-bearers Right-holders: 6,652,595,567 persons  Every individual, either a man woman or child, of any race, ethnic group or social condition  To some extent groups Right-holders: 6,652,595,567 persons  Every individual, either a man woman or child, of any race, ethnic group or social condition  To some extent groups Duty-bearers: Much less  Primarily States  In some cases individuals have specific obligations  Individuals and private entities have generic responsibilities towards the community to respect the rights of others Duty-bearers: Much less  Primarily States  In some cases individuals have specific obligations  Individuals and private entities have generic responsibilities towards the community to respect the rights of others

20 The role of Capacity Development

21 Linking Rights with Results: Monitoring & Evaluation

22 Monitoring vs. Evaluation MonitoringEvaluation Systematic, ongoing During programme implementation Tracking of activities and progress According to AWP For short term corrective action Accountability for implementation Contributes to evaluation Conducted by insiders Are we doing things right?  Systematic, periodic  During and after programme implementation  Judgment of merit, value or worth of a programme/project  Compared to evaluation criteria (relevance, effectiveness, impact)  For decision-making about future programmes  Accountability for results  For office & organizational learning  Conducted by impartial outsiders  Did we do the right things?

23 Measures of performance Monitoring = Are we doing things right? Evaluation = Did we do the right things? Indicators = How do we know?

24 What is an indicator? A tool to measure: (i) evidence of progress towards a result or (ii) that a result has been achieved Indicators can be: (i) quantitative (ii) qualitative

25 HRBA to Monitoring & Evaluation Systems What to measure?  Programme performance (Impact, Outcomes, Output)  Programme process: Participation, accountability and non-discrimination  Programme context:  existence of laws, policies and institutional mechanisms  Duty-bearers’ efforts to meet their obligations  Right-holders’ disparities in enjoying rights What to measure?  Programme performance (Impact, Outcomes, Output)  Programme process: Participation, accountability and non-discrimination  Programme context:  existence of laws, policies and institutional mechanisms  Duty-bearers’ efforts to meet their obligations  Right-holders’ disparities in enjoying rights Based on claims and obligations in human rights standards Based on human rights principles

26 HRBA to Monitoring & Evaluation How to measure?  Identify the rights-holders and duty-bearers who will contribute to the M&E process either as: -Information providers, for example line ministries -Independent information interpreters, for example National Human Rights Institutions  Bring them together in a participatory process  Ensure access to available information and data on the programme How to measure?  Identify the rights-holders and duty-bearers who will contribute to the M&E process either as: -Information providers, for example line ministries -Independent information interpreters, for example National Human Rights Institutions  Bring them together in a participatory process  Ensure access to available information and data on the programme


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