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Mainstreaming Disability in the Development Agenda. U N Commission for Social Development 12 February, 2008. Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo Senior Operations.

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Presentation on theme: "Mainstreaming Disability in the Development Agenda. U N Commission for Social Development 12 February, 2008. Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo Senior Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mainstreaming Disability in the Development Agenda. U N Commission for Social Development 12 February, Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo Senior Operations Officer World Bank.

2 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Mainstreaming recognizes that … This has to do with fundamental rights and human dignity. People with disabilities have the same wishes and the same rights as everyone else to feel needed, to be a part of society. We cannot afford to exclude people with disabilities just because they are disabled. Removing barriers to participation will not only improve the lives of people with disabilities, but society as a whole by increasing productivity, lowering unemployment, and reducing reliance on government.

3 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. (a) Design policies and programs To ensure that overall development efforts are directed to attain impacts that are equitably beneficial for all people with disabilities both men and women. identify barriersincluding societal attitudes that hinder people with disabilities from participating in and benefiting from public policies and programs, assess the costs and benefits of specific actions to remove these barriers, ensure effective program delivery, and establish monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to measure progress.

4 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Linking public policy to the CRPD Public policy should include the terms of the CRPD and should espouse the letter and spirit of the CRPD. Identify the obstacles that hinder the inclusion of people with disabilities and determine appropriate remedies.

5 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Equality of rightsEquality of Opportunity Participation Equality of voice Accountability New paradigm and CRPD Framework To achieve this shift in public policy planning, it would be helpful to examine: how public policy is supporting the attainment of outcomes; and to what extent is the participation of people with disabilities part of public policy planning.

6 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Legal and regulatory frameworks (b) Legal and regulatory frameworks Review and modify legal and regulatory frameworks to improve access to assets and services, and take institutional measures to ensure that legal changes are implemented in actual practice. Repeal discriminatory laws and regulations.

7 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. ( b ) Institutional Measures States will need to formulate effective policies and institutions that will transform the provisions of the CRPD into practices that will have a real impact on the lives of persons with disabilities. For e.g. NHRI, Apex bodies, National councils.

8 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. No silver bullet ! The most appropriate laws to advance equal opportunities for people with disabilities and policy measures to implement these laws, vary from one State to another. Each State has a margin of discretion in assessing which laws and policy measures are most suitable to meet its specific circumstances and the needs of people with disabilities.

9 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. (c) Develop a knowledge base. Strengthen the knowledge base, train officials in disability analysis, particularly in countries with inadequate disability -disaggregated data. This could be: This could be: Baseline studiesBaseline studies Data collectionData collection

10 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. ( c) Build capacity in implementing agencies. Training. Policy makers and implementing agencies in mainstreaming disability into their work. Operational tools. Create and disseminate tools and good practice as examples for implementation.

11 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. ( d ) Monitor and evaluate. Track progress and enhance access and quality of services, Develop an effective system of monitoring and evaluation. This must include assessment of on-the-ground results in the lives of people with disabilities.

12 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Essential Resources. Budget- redeploy support for disability analysis and mainstreaming. Accountabilities- Clarify the roles and responsibilities of disability mainstreaming. Staff-Develop a cadre of technical expertise in disability and development, especially during the initial years of implementation. Partnerships- Build synergies and forge the formation of country-level partnerships with civil society, and other donors, especially in the context of particular projects or programs, including formulation of the PRSPs.

13 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. For donors Rule (22) of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities and Article (32) CRPD. Rule (22) of the Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities and Article (32) CRPD. It's the pursuit of a collective agenda. It's the pursuit of a collective agenda. Needs better coordination. Needs better coordination. Involve People with Disabilities. Involve People with Disabilities. Be ready and responsive to requests from States. Be ready and responsive to requests from States.

14 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Specific Steps Integrate the disability dimension into relevant analytical work, Support the strategic integration of disability issues into ongoing programs, Align resources with these elements, Develop and implement an effective system to monitor and evaluate the process of disability mainstreaming and its impacts on the ground.

15 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. Mainstreaming an objective & a tool. Mainstreaming an objective & a tool. Mainstreaming of disability is an instrument to promote equality of opportunities for people with disabilities. Mainstreaming of disability is an instrument to promote equality of opportunities for people with disabilities. Implementing a mainstreaming strategy is a complex and long-term process, requiring a diverse approach and political commitment. Implementing a mainstreaming strategy is a complex and long-term process, requiring a diverse approach and political commitment. It demands: analysis of the current situation to establish the impact of disability policies; better data; funding; and participation of people with disabilities in decision-making. It demands: analysis of the current situation to establish the impact of disability policies; better data; funding; and participation of people with disabilities in decision-making. Success relies on the commitment of a host of authorities. Success relies on the commitment of a host of authorities.

16 Charlotte McClain-Nhlapo, UN Commission for Social Development. THE WAY FORWARD Addressing disability should not be seen as a stand alone package or project, but rather as part of the mainstream projects. Addressing disability should not be seen as a stand alone package or project, but rather as part of the mainstream projects. CRPD– provides us with an opportunity that demands that we act together as one. CRPD– provides us with an opportunity that demands that we act together as one.

17 Thank you


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