The Proclamation of 1763 stated that colonist couldn’t settle beyond the Appalachian Mountains.
Colonist resented the British for telling them were they couldn’t settle after the Proclamation of 1763.
In 1774, as punishment for the Boston Tea Party, the Coercive Acts are enacted against Massachusetts. What did the colonists call those acts?
The Intolerable Acts King George III's decision not to repeal the Intolerable Acts or any of the other taxes finally caused the Revolutionary War that led to the Colonies Independence
Loyalists vs. Patriots Loyalists- Americans who supported Great Britain during the revolution Patriots- Americans who favored independence from Great Britain during the revolution
The Boston Massacre in 1770 was used as propaganda to rally Patriots against the British. Could you be next?
Patrick Henry famous quote was “Give me liberty or give me ?”
George Washington Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution 1 st President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson Author of Dec of Independence Founder of Univ of Virginia 3 rd President Louisiana Purchase
In 1776, a committee meets to draft a Declaration of Independence, which justified the right to revolt. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
After independence is won in 1781, the colonies needed a government, so the government adopted what?
What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation?
A weak central government No executive branch No levying taxes No regulation of trade No court system
Some states were afraid of having a strong federal government because they didn’t want to be another England.
Constitutional Convention of 1787 Delegates drafted a new constitution to replace the Articles of Confederation.
Small & Large states fought about representation.
Great Compromise was splitting the legislative branch into 2 parts. Senate – each state gets 2 senators in congress House of Representatives – states that have a large population will get more representatives in congress.
Unalienable rights are what?
Alexander Hamilton was the Secretary of Treasury and favored a strong central government with a National Bank. He was a Federalist
Federalist wanted a loose interpretation of the US Constitution & a strong central government
Democratic-Republicans favored a weak central government and a strict interpretation of the US Constitution
Principles of the U.S. Constitution What is the correct term for power that is shared between the states and national government with the national government having more power? Federalism What is a system called in which people vote for the elected representatives to run the government? Republicanism What is it called when the people hold supreme power? It is addressed in the preamble “We the people..” Popular Sovereignty
To prevent any branch of the new government from being too strong, the new Constitution designed a system known as what?
Separation of Powers Executive Legislative Judicial
Checks and Balances This system is designed to ensure that not one branch of government will gain too much power.
What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called?
Why were the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution in 1789 so soon after it was written?
Protect Individual rights
You need 2/3 vote in both houses of congress or 75% of state legislators to ratify the US Constitution.
1 st Amendment Freedom of speech, religion, and press: right to assemble and petition
2 nd Amendment The right to bear arms
Monroe Doctrine was a US policy that told European nations to stay out of the Western Hemisphere.
The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 doubled the size of the United States
Who was the President who bought the Louisiana Purchase? We bought it from France.
Many in America believed that the US should stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific. This is called Manifest Destiny