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Origins of American Government Learning Target: IWBAT explain how the Declaration of Independence reflected the political principles of popular sovereignty,

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Presentation on theme: "Origins of American Government Learning Target: IWBAT explain how the Declaration of Independence reflected the political principles of popular sovereignty,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Origins of American Government Learning Target: IWBAT explain how the Declaration of Independence reflected the political principles of popular sovereignty, social contract, natural rights, and individual rights IWBAT evaluate the ideals and principles of the founding documents (Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Federalist Papers) that shaped American democracy

2  13 Colonies governed by the British  Virginia House of Burgesses- 1st legislature in the Colonies  British protected against France  French and Indian War

3  An English Political Heritage- most colonists from England  Limited Government- Only the powers granted ◦ Magna Carta (1215), first written rights ◦ Petition of Right- Limiting the Kings Power ◦ English Bill of Rights- After the Glorious Revolution, William and Mary take the throne  Limiting the Kings power

4  Representative Government- Colonies adopt this idea for local government  New Political Ideas- Locke, Voltaire, and Rousseau. Natural Rights, consent of governed.

5  Each colony its own government and governor  Democracy prevails- except women and slaves  Written Constitutions ◦ Mayflower Compact ◦ General Fundamentals, Pilgrims ◦ Fundamental Orders of Connecticut- 1 st Constitution

6  Colonial Legislatures ◦ Representative bodies elected  Separation of Powers ◦ Divided the powers of government ◦ Montesquieu’s The Spirit of Laws ◦ Training ground for those who will write the Constitution

7  The Colonies on Their own ◦ First 150 ◦ French and Indian Wars change this. ◦ George III takes over, tightens control ◦ Taxes raised to pay for the war  Stamp Act- first direct tax  Revenue increased, colonist upset, Boston Tea Party  Intolerable Acts- Led to an Embargo  Close Boston Harbor  MA could not govern itself

8  Albany Plan of Union, Franklin, rejected  Committees of Correspondence- urge resistance, Sam Adams led the way in MA  1 st Continental Congress- 1774, Embargo established with England  2 nd Continental Congress ◦ Served as the acting government ◦ Army and navy organized ◦ Issue money ◦ Washington in charge of troops

9  Thomas Paine, Common Sense, influenced colonists.  Declaration of Independence ◦ Jefferson wrote most of it  Key parts of the Declaration ◦ Locke’s ideas prominent ◦ 1 st section- purpose and basic human Rights ◦ 2 nd - Specific complaints ◦ 3 rd - Determination for separation from England  State Constitutions written

10  No Executive or Judicial Branch  No ability to tax  Unicameral Legislature  No Commerce power  Interstate Commerce- Trade amongst States not controlled.  Need for Stronger Government ◦ Sheys’s Rebellion ◦ Annapolis Convention fails, 5 States show up

11  55 attend  Elite of the time  Madison, Father of the Constitution  Washington to preside  Abandon the Articles  Decisions and Compromises ◦ The Virginia Plan- Bicameral, based on population ◦ The New Jersey Plan- Equality in the Legislature ◦ Connecticut Compromise- Bicameral, House (population) and Senate (Equality

12  Three-Fifths Compromise  Commerce Compromise ◦ No Tariffs on exports ◦ Control Interstate Commerce  Slavery Question couldn’t touch, leave it to others  Voting- let the States decide

13  Federalists- Strong central government, support the Constitution  Anti-Federalist  Federalist Papers- argue for ratifying  9 of 13 needed  Bill of Rights- limited government, rights of the people ◦ From the Magna Carta and English bill of Rights

14  How did the founding documents set up and support the ideals and political principles of popular sovereignty, social contract, natural rights, and individual rights? ◦ Do you think they did a sufficient job? Explain  Honors: Reading and Questions on page 59  Homework: Read Declaration of Independence and Articles of Confederation


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