6 UNION ADVANTAGES -More than 2X railroad - larger population -More $ in banks-Functioning government- Strong navy
7 CONFEDERATE ADVANTAGES -Better military leaders (7 out of 8 military colleges in the South)-Defensive war-did not have to win, just not lose-Better soldiers
8 Industry & Agriculture- North Made most of the nations clothingMost pig ironMost firearms factoriesAll gunpowder
9 Industry & Agriculture- South One foundry that could produce iron (Tredegar Iron Works)No facility for gunpowderProduce all its own food, but couldn’t distribute itOnly one east/west rail line (Memphis to Chattanooga)
10 DiscussionWhat military advantages did the North and South have at the start of the war?
11 Financing the WarNorth controlled national treasury, tariffs, & could easily borrow $.Many people took gold & silver out of banks, so Congress passes Legal Tender Act- created a national currency (paper $)“greenback”
12 Financing the WarSouthern economy was bad, & got worse as the war continuedSouthern planters were in debt & couldn’t buy bonds
13 Financing the War South had to tax citizens- people refused to pay South had to print paper $ to pay bills- caused inflation
14 DiscussionWhat financial advantages did the North have over the South?
16 Party Politics Many Republicans were abolitionists Lincoln wanted to preserve Union, no matter what
17 My paramount objective in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not to either save or destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it, and if I could save the Union by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that. ~Abraham Lincoln
18 Party Politics 2 groups in Democrat Party- War Democrats- supported the war & restore the Union and preserve slaveryCopperheads (Peace Democrats) opposed war, reunite peacefully.
19 Party PoliticsConscription- forcing people into military service (the draft)Democrats opposed the draft, Republicans supported it
20 Party PoliticsLincoln suspended habeas corpus for anyone that openly criticized the war effort or supported the South
21 DiscussionWho did Lincoln suspend habeas corpus for?
23 Relations with EuropeUSA did not want Europe to interfere or recognize the CSAWanted Europe to honor blockade
24 Relations with Europe CSA wanted recognition Wanted British Navy to break blockadeEurope (especially England) needed Southern cottonFr. & GB both promised to recognize CSA and give aide IF they won a major battle
25 DiscussionAt the outbreak of the war, what did Confederates want from Europeans?