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©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modal verbs 2º CAL inglés EOI El Puerto
©Rafael Moreno Esteban May (not), might (not) +infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems To say what is possibly going to happen (but you aren’t sure) Take your umbrella. It might rain. Jane may not come tomorrow. (= it’s a possibility) NOT It’s possible that it rains. (=maybe she won’t come) Might and may are the same, but might is more common in spoken English
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modal verbs of obligation must/mustn't + infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems Use must: For obligation + For strong recommendation I must remember her birthday You must see that film Must is especially used when the recommendation comes from the speaker. It is always stressed for strong recommendation Use mustn't: When you want to say “not allowed”, “you can’t” You mustn’t park here. You mustn’t miss the concert.
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modal verbs of obligation have to/don’t have to, should/shouldn’t + infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems Use have to: for obligation You have to drive on the left. I have to work on Saturdays. Have to is especially used for laws, or general / external obligation Use don’t have to: for no obligation / necessity I don’t have to work on Saturdays. It’s free; you don’t have to pay. (= it’s not necessary) NOT I mustn’t go to work Use should / shouldn’t: for recommendation / advice You should drive more slowly. You shouldn’t eat so much. You can also use ought to. E.g. You ought to drive more slowly
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modals of deduction must, might/could, can’t + infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems Use must to say that you are sure that something is (logically) true He must be out. All the lights are off. They must be Italian. They’re speaking Italian. Don’t confuse with must for obligation. The opposite of must be is can’t be; NOT mustn't be Use might/could to say that something is possibly true She might be working. I’m not sure. He might be at home or he might be at the gym. You can also use may instead of could. It is more formal. Don’t use cant for possibilities. NOT He can be at home Use can’t to say that something is impossible It can’t be true! I don’t believe it. They can’t be in New York! I saw them this morning. NOT couldn't be
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Online exercises Modal Exercise 1 can, could, have to, must, might and should Modal Exercise 1 can, could, have to, must, might and should Modal Exercise 1 Modal Exercise 1 Modal Exercise 2 have to and must Modal Exercise 2 have to and must Modal Exercise 2 Modal Exercise 2 Modal Exercise 3 might, must, should, could, have to and ought to Modal Exercise 3 might, must, should, could, have to and ought to Modal Exercise 3 Modal Exercise 3 Modal Exercise 4 couldn't and might not Modal Exercise 4 couldn't and might not Modal Exercise 4 Modal Exercise 4
MODAL VERBS (I): Must, have to, don’t have to, mustn’t
MUST/MUSTN´T & HAVE TO / DON’T HAVE TO
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ABILITY CAN and BE ABLE TO- present We use can or be able to say that someone has an ability Ex. James can/is able to play chess but he can’t/ isn’t able.
MUST and HAVE TO Modal auxiliary verbs FORMMust + V 1 (base verb) Have to + V 1 (base verb) Examples: I must go home. You have to do your homework. USE.
I – MODALS II - PAST MODALS
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© Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Can / Can’t Can is used to talk about ability and possibility, to ask for and give permission, and to make requests and offers.
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© Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Can / Can’t Can is used to talk about ability(inability),rules®ulati ons, possibility, to ask for and give permission,
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