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©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modal verbs 2º CAL inglés EOI El Puerto
©Rafael Moreno Esteban May (not), might (not) +infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems To say what is possibly going to happen (but you aren’t sure) Take your umbrella. It might rain. Jane may not come tomorrow. (= it’s a possibility) NOT It’s possible that it rains. (=maybe she won’t come) Might and may are the same, but might is more common in spoken English
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modal verbs of obligation must/mustn't + infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems Use must: For obligation + For strong recommendation I must remember her birthday You must see that film Must is especially used when the recommendation comes from the speaker. It is always stressed for strong recommendation Use mustn't: When you want to say “not allowed”, “you can’t” You mustn’t park here. You mustn’t miss the concert.
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modal verbs of obligation have to/don’t have to, should/shouldn’t + infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems Use have to: for obligation You have to drive on the left. I have to work on Saturdays. Have to is especially used for laws, or general / external obligation Use don’t have to: for no obligation / necessity I don’t have to work on Saturdays. It’s free; you don’t have to pay. (= it’s not necessary) NOT I mustn’t go to work Use should / shouldn’t: for recommendation / advice You should drive more slowly. You shouldn’t eat so much. You can also use ought to. E.g. You ought to drive more slowly
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Modals of deduction must, might/could, can’t + infinitive UseExamplesNotes/Problems Use must to say that you are sure that something is (logically) true He must be out. All the lights are off. They must be Italian. They’re speaking Italian. Don’t confuse with must for obligation. The opposite of must be is can’t be; NOT mustn't be Use might/could to say that something is possibly true She might be working. I’m not sure. He might be at home or he might be at the gym. You can also use may instead of could. It is more formal. Don’t use cant for possibilities. NOT He can be at home Use can’t to say that something is impossible It can’t be true! I don’t believe it. They can’t be in New York! I saw them this morning. NOT couldn't be
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Online exercises Modal Exercise 1 can, could, have to, must, might and should Modal Exercise 1 can, could, have to, must, might and should Modal Exercise 1 Modal Exercise 1 Modal Exercise 2 have to and must Modal Exercise 2 have to and must Modal Exercise 2 Modal Exercise 2 Modal Exercise 3 might, must, should, could, have to and ought to Modal Exercise 3 might, must, should, could, have to and ought to Modal Exercise 3 Modal Exercise 3 Modal Exercise 4 couldn't and might not Modal Exercise 4 couldn't and might not Modal Exercise 4 Modal Exercise 4
Unit 8 Modals María Casas Gómez Javier Álvarez-Casariego.
Modal verbs are unusual verbs that express modality.
Modals to express possibility: MAY, MIGHT, CAN, COULD.
OBLIGATION MUST AND TO HAVE TO. Must is a modal verb. It is used in the present or future. Must has no final s in the third person singular: You must,
+ Modal Verbs: Present and past possibility. Unit 5.
R EPORTED SPEECH ( HE SAID THAT ). “I’m feeling ill.”
Ability Logical conclusion Necessity Obligation Permission Possibility Prohibition Requests Advice.
First Grade Sight Words a in I and is it for.
Perfect Infinitive with Modal verbs or Modal Perfect October, 2012.
We use will, may and might to talk about predictions based on opinions: something that we believe or calculate.
Jorge Hernández Julián Monzón. To express obligation (must) and past obligation (had to) You must do what the instructions sais. We had to answer to.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
The. of and a to in is you that it he was.
Dolch Words the of and to a in that is was.
I don't like the weather here. There is ____________________rain. You drink_______________________ coffee. It's not good for you. There was nowhere to.
Fran Santos Fco. Javier Palero. USED WHEN THE FOCUS IS ON THE ACTION. WE DON’T KNOWN OR IT’S NOT IMPORTANT WHO OR WHAT IS PERFORMING THE ACTION Ex:
Practice saying your sight words. Read and spell each word. Click on the down arrow to go to the next word.
Modals and semi-modals. Modals Can, may, must… They are the same for all persons. You must pay attention. They dont need an auxiliary verb for questions.
Modal auxiliaries a verb, such as 'can', 'might' and 'must', that is used with another verb to express an idea such as possibility that is not expressed.
High-Frequency Phrases First 100 Words. The people.
M O D A L S K i p l e r (Should, must, have to, need, mustn’t, needn’t, may, might)
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
Şekil ve Şemalar. Past Tenses Past Simple Past Perfect & Past Perfect Continuous Past Continuous Future in the Past Used to & Would Key Word Transformation.
Lap 1. the to and he a I you it of in Lap 2.
Intermediate 1 ESOL Grammar Modal Verbs. What are modal verbs? must may will shall can could would should might.
Come. and down a away big blue can help.
MODALS May, might, can, could. Modals give an indication of a speaker’s attitude and of the relationship between the speaker and the person spoken to.
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