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©Rafael Moreno Esteban Future forms Cursos de Actualización Lingüística de Profesorado EOI El Puerto
©Rafael Moreno Esteban There are several ways to express the future in English: Will Used for predictions Used for scheduled events Used for promises Used for offers Used in combination with time clauses (as soon as, when, before, after) Simple Present Used for scheduled public events such as train and plane schedules, course schedules, etc. Present Continuous Used for planned or personally scheduled events. Usually used with principle verbs such as: come, go, begin, start, finish, have, etc. Be going to The future with 'going to' is used to express planned events or intentions. These events or intentions are decided on before the moment of speaking (more distant than PCont.). Used for future predictions based on physical (usually visual) evidence.
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Examples: Prediction Scheduled event Promises Offer Public events Predictions with evidence Intentions Combination of clauses Plans She won't win the election. The concert will begin at 8 o'clock. Will you marry me? They'll help you if you want. The class begins at 11.30. Look at those clouds. It's going to rain. Frank is going to study Medicine. He will telephone as soon as he arrives. He's coming tomorrow afternoon.
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Structure: Future with Will I You He She It We You They will ('ll) help you immediately. won't leave soon. Pronunciation / / / / Willit rain tomorrow?
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Structure: Future with Present Continuous I'm (I am) You're (You are) He's (He is) She's (She is) It's (It is) We're (We are) You're (You are) They're (They are) working next week. I'm not (I am not) You aren't (You are not) He isn't (He is not) She isn't (She is not) It isn't (It is not) We aren't (We are not) You aren't (You are not) They aren't (They are not) coming this evening. What am I are you is he is she is it are we are you are they doing this afternoon?
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Structure: Future with Going to I'm going to (I am) You're going to (You are) He's going to (He is) She's going to (She is) It's going to (It is) We're going to (We are) You're going to (You are) They're going to (They are) work this evening. I'm not going to (I am not) You aren't going to (You are not) He isn't going to (He is not) She isn't going to (She is not) It isn't going to (It is not) We aren't going to (We are not) You aren't going to (You are not) They aren't going to (They are not) come this evening. What am I going to are you going to is he going to is she going to is it going toare we going to are you going to are they going to do tomorrow?
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Structure: Future with Simple Present I You We They arriveat noon. He She It arrivesat noon. I You We They don't leaveat noon. He She It doesn't leaveat noon. Do I You We They leave at noon? Does He She It leave at noon?
©Rafael Moreno Esteban Common future time expressions include: next (week, month, year) tomorrow in X's time (amount of time, i.e. two week's time) in year, time clauses (when, as soon as, before, after) simple present (example: I will telephone as soon as I arrive.) soon, later To learn more… http://www.world-english.org/grammarfuture.htm
1 Future forms (1) Will (Future simple) Future Going to Present continuous for future Present simple for future.
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© Rafael Moreno Esteban 2007 Simple Present FORM [VERB] + s/es in third person Examples: You speak English. She speaks English. Does she speak English?
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