Presentation on theme: "F UTURE TENSES Mª Victoria Andaluz Celia Iordache 1º C."— Presentation transcript:
F UTURE TENSES Mª Victoria Andaluz Celia Iordache 1º C
The future in English can be expressed in many different ways: Simple future (will and be going to) Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to”. Both "will" and "be going to" refer to a specific time in the future. *Will 1) To talk about a future action or event at the point of decision: Oh! You have just broken the vase! Don’t worry, I will repair it myself 2) To make predictions about the future (Predictions are guesses about what might happen in the future) The year 2222 will be a very interesting year 3)To make promises I promise I will not tell him about the surprise party
*To be going to 1) To talk about intentions. Sometimes it is used to talk about plans and arrangements based on intentions (although to talk about arrangments, present continuous is more commonly used) He is going to spend his vacation in Hawaii. We are going to meet at 6 PM. I'm going to be an actor when I grow up. 2) To talk about future events and actions based on evidence, especially when we can see that the event is inminent The way Real Madrid are playing at the moment, they’re going to win the match. Wacht out! We’re going to hit that tree!
Present continuous (am/is/are+present parciple) 1) To talk about plans and arrangements the near future. A time reference often makes the future meaning clear I am meeting a friend after school Is n’t he coming to the party tonight?
Present simple 1) To talk about timetables and schedules: Our train leaves at 6:30 tomorrow morning 2) It is used with future reference in subordinate clauses after time conjunctions such as when, before, until, as soon as We’ll reply when we hear from you I hope you’ll write to us as soon as you get home
Be + infinitive Is used to talk about official plans or arrangements in a formal style. The Prime Minister is to visit Africa next month If used with a perfect infinitive (to have + past participle), it indicates that a planned event didn’t happen. I was to have returned last month, but I changed my mind. It can also be followed by a passive infinitive (to be + past participle) to indicate common notices or instructions. The label is not to be removed
Future perfect Something will have happened by a certain time in the future This time next year I will have finished my exams Future continuous Focuses on an action or event in progress at a specific time in the future. This time next week I ’ll be lying on a beach in the sun.
Future perfect continuous Expresses how long will something have been happening by a certain time in the future This time next year I will have been teaching English for 9 years Future in the past: was/were going to/would + verb These forms are used to look back to a past time and talk about the future as was at that past time. By the time I left school I knew I was going to/would become a doctor.