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SIMPLE FUTURE TENSES. WILL We use will + infinitive without to: to express a sudden decision made at the moment of speaking. To express intention or promise.

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Presentation on theme: "SIMPLE FUTURE TENSES. WILL We use will + infinitive without to: to express a sudden decision made at the moment of speaking. To express intention or promise."— Presentation transcript:

1 SIMPLE FUTURE TENSES

2 WILL We use will + infinitive without to: to express a sudden decision made at the moment of speaking. To express intention or promise. To express a prediction based on opinion or beliefs. To make a request or an offer.

3 I have a nice dress! I will go to the party tonight!

4 I promise, I will bring the book tomorrow!

5 We think he will win the competition! He is a Spiderman!

6 Be going to We use be going to + infinitive without to: To express an intention/plan. To express a prediction based on something we can observe now.

7 It is going to rain!

8 Hmmm... I am going to sleep !

9 Present Continuous We use Present Continuous to talk about future events we have arranged.

10 I am going to the cinema tonight!

11 Present Simple We use Present Simple to talk about future events that we cannot change.

12 Hurry up! The train leaves in two hours.

13 The Future Continuous Tense We use the future continuous tense to talk about things that have been planned or likely to happen.

14 The Future Progressive This tense is used to describe an event or action that will occur over a period of time at a specific point in the future. I will be teaching ESL 40 at 10 a.m. tomorrow. They will be moving their furniture out of the house by the time you arrive tomorrow. at 10 a.m. tomorrow by the time you arrive

15 How do we use future continuous tense. 1. Expressing activity will be happening at a time in the future / For an action that will be continuous during a period of time. If the weather remains good, we’ll be swimming all day tomorrow. He will be living in Thailand this time next year.

16 2. Interrupted action in the future I will be watching T.V. when she arrives. 3. Parallel actions in the future I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.

17 4. Atmosphere in the future: In English, we often use a series of parallel actions to describe atmosphere at a specific point in the future. - When I arrive at the party, everybody is going to be celebrating. Some will be dancing. Others are going to be talking. A few people will be eating pizza, and several people are going to be drinking beer. They always do the same thing.

18 Toby won’t be at home at 9 o’clock this Sunday. He will be climbing in the Himalayas then The action climb starts before this Sunday and probably continues after it

19 We will be having a quiz at 8 in the morning tomorrow. I (watch) _____________ TV when my aunt calls from Australia tonight. We (take) ___________ our final examinations from December 16 to 18. will be watching will be taking

20 Expresses a future action with intention The future continuous tense Expresses a future action as a statement of a fact The simple future tense

21 What’s the difference? I will watch TV when my aunt calls from Australia tonight. I will be watching TV when my aunt calls from Australia tonight. My aunt will call; then, as I am talking to her, I will watch TV. While I am watching TV, my aunt will call.

22 Which should you use? We ___________ the community concert on November 28. We ___________ the school fair from November 24 to 29. will be holding will hold

23 Future Perfect Tense The future perfect tense is quite an easy tense to understand and use. The future perfect tense talks about the past in the future.

24 How do we make the Future Perfect Tense? subject + auxiliary verb + + main verb WILLHAVEV3

25 I will have finished by 10 am. You will have forgotten me by then. She will not have gone to school. We will not have left. Will you have arrived? Will they have received it?

26 How do we use the Future Perfect Tense? The future perfect tense expresses action in the future before another action in the future. This is the past in the future. For example: The train will leave the station at 9am. You will arrive at the station at 9.15am. When you arrive, the train will have left.

27 You can call me at work at 8am. I will have arrived at the office by 8. They will be tired when they arrive. They will not have slept for a long time. "Mary won't be at home when you arrive." "Really? Where will she have gone?"

28 I will have been in London for six months by the time I leave. By Monday Susan is going to have had my book for a week. By next November* I will have received my promotion. By the time he gets home* his wife is going to have cleaned the entire house.

29 Sally always leaves for work at 8:30 in the morning, so she will not be at home at 9 o'clock.She will have gone to work. We are late. The film will already have started by the time we get to the cinema. I will have finished my homework by the time I go out on a date tonight. I will graduate in june. I will see you in july. By the next time I see you, I will have graduat ed

30 What is the difference? past perfect : When their first child was born,they had been married for three years. present perfect: Ted and Amy have been married for 24 years future perfect: Next year they will have been married for 25 years


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