Making a Statement IF CLAUSE: PRESENT If + + verb in simple present + complement If If the weather is good… RESULT CLAUSE: FUTURE + verb in future tense (will) + complement We We will go tothe beach If the weather is good, we’ll go to the beach.
Examples If the weather is good, we’ll go to the beach. If I don’t spend all my money before the holiday, I’ll stay in a really nice hotel. If my parents give me permission, I’ll be able to go on holiday with my friends. REMEMBER : You can write the verb in negative or affirmative form on the if clause.
Yes/No Questions RESULT CLAUSE: FUTURE Will + + verb in simple present + complement Will Will theycome to the party… Am/Is/Are + + verb in future tense + complement Are Are theygoing to wash the car… IF CLAUSE: PRESENT If + + verb in simple present + complement + ? if if weinvitethem?
Examples Will they come to the party if we invite them? Are we going to wash the car if we tell them to? REMEMBER : You can use either future tense with the first conditional (will/going to). For a short answer, you can simply respond yes they will/no they won’t or yes they are/no they aren’t.
A non yes/no question RESULT CLAUSE: FUTURE What + verb in future tense + complement What What willhappen… What + present of verb to be + going to + verb in present What What is going to happen… IF CLAUSE: PRESENT If + + verb in simple present + complement + ? if if Idon’t studyfor the test?
Examples What will happen if I don’t study for the test? What is going to happen if I don’t study for the test?
Exercises i. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate form of the first or factual conditional. 1.- happen if my dog eats gravy? 2.- My dad be early in his work, if he wake up. 3.- My teacher me if I don’t work at class.