2Talking about the future Be going toThe cinema’s going to be full…WillPeople will travel to space as tourists.Present continuousProfessor Collins is speaking again at the space conference tomorrow.Simple PresentThe train leaves at 9:00 am.
3Grammar Note X Now Cancun I’m going to Cancun next week. I think I’ll have fun.I’m catching a 5:00 flight.I come back at 8:00 on Sunday.X
4Grammar Note X Now Madonna Madonna/give/concert Maybe/I/go It/take place/SaturdayIt/start/7:00 pmX
5WILL/GOING TOThe Simple Future has two different forms in English: "will" and "be going to." Although the two forms can sometimes be used interchangeably, they often express two very different meanings.I will probably go to Italy next SummerI am going to fly to Italy next Saturday
6FUTURE TENSES: WILL / GOING TO I will travel to Japan next year → prediction (not near future)I am going to study German at school intention (near future)
7Future Tense: Will Form Affirmative: I will (I’ll) travel to Madrid in OctoberInterrogative : Will you travel by bus?Negative : I will not travel - won’tWill you travel by train or by bus?I won’t travel by bus I will probably travel by train
8Future Tense: Uses of Will 1- Instant/spontaneous decisions: Ok, I’ll see you on Friday.2- Personal opinions : (I think, I suppose, I guess, I hope) I think I’ll stay in this evening.3- Promises, offers, requests: Don’t worry, I’ll go and buy some food for you.4-Predictions based on what we think: We’ll never understand the future in English.
9Instant decisions Decisions at the time of speaking WILLI left the door open. I’ll close it right now.(In the restaurant)W :What would you like to drink?I’ll have a cup of coffee, please.Did you call Sue?No, I forgot it.I’ll call her tonightInstant decisions Decisions at the time of speaking
10I am little hungry.I think I’ll have a sandwich.I don’t think I’ll go out tonight. I am too tired.Personal opinions
11Don’t worry. I will help you with your homework. I will love you forever.Will you marry me?OffersPromisesRequests
12You will be rich one day.Predictions based on what we think)
13Future Tense:Going to Form Affirmative: I am going to travelby planeInterrogative : Are you going to travelby plane?Negative : I am not going to travelby plane because I amgoing to fly in a hot airballoon.
14Future Tense: Uses of Going to 1- Future plans, intentions: I’m going to study a lot this year.2- Decisions before the moment of speaking: I’m going to have party next weekend.3- Predictions based on what we can see at the moment (present evidence): I feel terrible. I’m going to be sick.
15Offers Promises I'm going to buy a new laptop computer next week. Plans,IntentionsOffersPromises
16Offers Promises John has decided to Have a party. He’s going to invite lots of people.Decisions beforethe momentof speakingOffersPromises
17I AM GOING TO : I HAVE DECIDED TO DO STH. Today, I am going to read my favourite novel, then I am going to phone my best friend and finally I am going to drive my new motorcycle.
18Offers Promises Look at that car! It is going to crash into that tree. Predictions onpresentevidenceOffersPromises
19PREDICTIONS WITH PRESENT EVIDENCE Look at those black clouds!It’s going to rain.She is pregnant.She’s going to have a baby.
201) Why are you working so hard these days? - BecauseI’m going to buy(buy) a car, so I’m saving.2) What (you)are you going to buyJill for her birthday? (buy)- A CD.-mmm But She hasn’t got a CD player.- In that case,I will(buy )her a book.3) Dad, can you mend this for me?- I’m sorry. Ask Mum.willShedo it for you.4) Why have you got so many eggs?-Because Iam going to(make) an omelette.5) I haven’t got enough money to get home.- Iwill lend(lend) you some. How much do you need?
216) A: Why are you holding a piece of paper. B: I …………………… 6) A: Why are you holding a piece of paper? B: I …………………….. (write) a letter to my friends back home in Texas ) A: I'm about to fall asleep. I need to wake up! B: I …………………(get) you a cup of coffee.8) We are so excited about our trip next month to France. We ……………………. (visit) Paris, Nice and Grenoble. 9) I think he …………………. (be) the next British Prime Minister.am going towillare going towill
22OTHER WAYS OF EXPRESSING THE FUTURE The simple present and present continuous are also used to express future time. These are often used used in connection with schedules.The train leaves at 6:00 a.m. tomorrow.She is meeting a new client at six o’clock in the evening and she is travelling by bike through the forest.
23Future with Present Simple and Present Continuous
24We use Present Simple for Future when actions are planned according to a schedule The game starts at 11 a.m.The bus leavesat 10 a.m.
25We use Present Continuous for Future when actions are appointed in advance for a certain period (day, week, month)
26I am meeting the manager at two o’clock I am meeting the manager at two o’clock. She is leaving for England on 28th.
27GOING TO /PRESENT CONTINUOUS Even though going to and present continuous can be used interchangeably sometimes, there is a difference in meaning between them.I’m going to visit my mum tomorrow. (She may know it or she may not)I’m visiting my mum tomorrow. (She knows about my visit)
28EXERCISES ON GOING TO /PRESENT CONTINUOUS 1.I …………………..(play) bridge tonight with Tom.2. He…………….... (have) an operation next week. 3. It's very cold. I .....…………….(light) a fire. 4. We ……….………… (have) some friends to lunch tomorrow. 5. My nephew …...……………..(come) to stay with me next week. 6. I (read) you some of my own poems. 7. Have you got a ticket for the big match on Saturday?. No, I don't even know who …………………….(play).am going tois havingam going toare havingis comingam going tois playing
29WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN? WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
30WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN? WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
31WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN? WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
32WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN? WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
33WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN? WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
34WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN? WHAT DO YOU THINK WILL HAPPEN NEXT?
36FT: Well … Not when you first meet him…He looks like a frog! Dianarella is a princess. She wants to know what will happen to her in the future, so she goes to visit a fortune teller.D: Can you see my future?FT: I certainly can.D: Tell me about it!FT: You ____________marry a rich prince.D: Auch! Can you see him?Is he handsome?FT: Well … Not when you first meet him…He looks like a frog!
37P: A frog?F: Yes…Some day you _______ meet a frog! And you ______ kiss it.P: I ______(not)!F: Yes, you ______and it _____ turn into a handsome prince!FT: What are you doing?P: I______ (not) listen any more! I ______ (go) back to my palace!FT: You can’t change the future my dear…
38(When Dianarella returns to her palace…) FT: Oh!! My dear, you _________ have to kiss a lot of frogs before finding the right one.
40Dianarella is a princess Dianarella is a princess. She wants to know what will happen to her in the future, so she goes to visit a fortune teller.D: Can you see my future?FT: I certainly can.D: Tell me about it!FT: You will marry a rich prince.D: Auch! Can you see him?Is he handsome?FT: Well … Not when you first meet him…He looks like a frog!
41P: A frog?F: Yes…Some day you will meet a frog! And you will kiss it.P: I will not!F: Yes, you will and it will turn into a handsome prince!FT: What are you doing?P: I’m not going to listen any more! I’m going back to my palace!FT: You can’t change the future my dear…
42(When Dianarella returns to her palace…) FT: Oh!! My dear, you will have to kiss a lot of frogs before finding the right one.