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GENDER ISSUES AND INTERNATIONAL LAWOverview of the Course: Text: International Women’s Rights, Equality, and Justice Research paper & oral presentation (10 minutes) At least one required meeting with me to get paper topic approved Once topic is approved, must me research outline Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
How class works You read relevant chapter before class In class—I provide more information on topic through slides Often short documentary clip Class discussion fostered by groups of students (assigned) Slides will be posted on TWEN Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
Overview/Outline of this ClassProvide general overview of the development of Int’l Law & Human Rights Law in the UN system Talk about specific treaties and conventions that deal with women’s rights Talk about Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
Terminology International Law—deals with relationships between states International Human Rights Law—deals with relationship between individuals, organizations and states regarding human rights guaranteed at state, regional and international level Humanitarian Law—deals with law of armed conflict, war crimes, etc. Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
Early reference to women’s rights in International Law: 1904 International Agree-ment for Suppression of White Slave Traffic Purpose was to protect women and girls from being forced or enticed into “immoral purposes” in order to “gratify the passions of another person” “in different countries” Amended in 1910 to clarify that did not apply to domestic prostitution (governed by internal legislation) Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
Later developments in traffickingLeague of Nations studied trafficking—revised definition of slave trade to cover all races and male and female children 1921 International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
Evolution of Human Rights Law1945 UN established (post WWII) UN established a Commission on Human Rights and charged it with the task of drafting a document spelling out the meaning of the fundamental rights and freedoms proclaimed in the UN Charter. Led to 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
Where do Women’s Rights fit in?First general focus on human rights—Art 1 of the Universal Declaration provides that all human beings are equal in dignity Art 2—(women’s rights)—no distinction on the basis of sex) Followed by the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) (Art 2(1), Art 3 pertain to women) Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (IESCR) Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
1948 U.N. Declaration of Human RightsArticle 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Article 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
U.N. Decl. cont’d. Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Article 6. Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law. Copyright © 2013 Christine M. Venter All rights reserved.
The full set of PowerPoint slides is available upon adoptionThe full set of PowerPoint slides is available upon adoption. for more information.
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