4Interrogativas Verbo To be You are / were playing football. Are / Were you playing football?Auxiliares – do/does (Presente)She plays the piano very well.Does she play the piano very well?Auxiliares – did (Passado)She played the piano very well.Did she play the piano very well?
19Futuro Simples Afirmativa – will + verbo no infinitivo sem o “to” I will sing next week.It will rain next week.
20Futuro Contínuo Will + be + verbo + ing At this time next week, I will be travelling to Paris.Dizer que algo estará em andamento em um certo instante no futuroI will be living in London next year.
21Futuro com “going to”Verbo to be + going to + verbo no infinitivo sem “to” (geralmente com advérbio de tempo)I am going to watch a movie tomorrow.Expressar intenções, planos ou decisõesShe is going to eat pasta.
24Presente Perfeito Have / has + 3ª coluna They have seen a blue bird. Ação indefinita no passadoWe have finished our homework.Com since (= desde) e for (= há, faz)She has lived in London since 1983.
25Passado vs. Presente Perfeito Passado – especifica o tempoPaul lost his keys yesterday.Presente Perfeito – não especifíca o tempoPaul has lost his keys.
26Present Perfect vs. Simple Past Peter _______ football yesterday.The girls _______________ their lunch yet.Last year we ______ to Italy._____ you _____ the game of chess?playedhave not eatenwentHavewon
28Passado Perfeito Had + 3ª coluna After I had finished lunch, I watched TV.Ação que ocorreu no passado antes de outra ação também no passadoHe didn’t go to the cinema because he had already seen the movie.
35Pronomes Relativos Who = quem – usado antes de verbo e pessoa The lady who left the room is my cousin.Whom = quem – usado apenas antes de pessoaThe lady whom I talked to is my cousin.
36Pronomes RelativosWhich = que, o (a) qual – usado quando o antecedente for coisaThe bakery which is on the corner is very cheap.That = que – usado quando o antecedente for pessoa ou coisaWhose = cujo (a) – usado quando o antecedente for pessoa ou coisa, indicando posseJane is the woman whose car he crashed into.
37Pronomes Relativos Where = onde – indica lugar The factory where I work is far from here.When = quando - indica tempoIs there a time when we can meet?Why = por que – indica razãoThe reason why I’m crying is to invite you to the party.
44Graus dos Adjetivos Comparativo de Igualdade Positivo As cold as = tão frio quantoWinter is as cold as Autumn.Comparativo de InferioridadeLess cold than = menos frio queAutumn is less cold than Winter.
46Graus dos Adjetivos Comparativo de Superioridade Palavras Pequenas – erTall – tallerI’m taller than you.Palavras Grandes – more ... thanCareful – more careful thanAn adult is more careful than a child.
50Graus dos Adjetivos Superlativo de Superioridade Palavras Grandes – the ... estTall – the tallestI’m the tallest person in the class.Palavras Pequenas – the mostCareful – the most carefulSnakes are the most careful animal on Earth.
51as fast asnot as tall asnot as low asas bad asas optimistic asnot as windy as
55Resumo Can, could, be able to, may, might permissão, possibilidade Should, ought to conselhoMust, have to obrigação, deverWould rather preferênciaBe supposed to expectativaUsed to/be used to hábito passado/presente
56Can / CouldShe Can/could/be able to/may/might play the piano. You should/ought to/had better study more. You must stop at a stop sign. I would rather stay home than go to the party. Classes are supposed to begin at 7:00. She used to/is used to spend her holidays at the seaside.
78Voz Passiva Simple Present Washes – is washed Simple Past Washed – was washedSimple FutureWill wash – will be washedPresent ContinuousIs washing – is being washedPast ContinuousWas washing – was being washedImmediate FutureIs going to wash – is going to be washed
79Voz Passiva Present Perfect Has washed – has been washed Past Perfect Had washed – had been washed
80Voz Passiva Voz Ativa – Sujeito + verbo + objeto She bought a book. Voz Passiva – Sujeito + verbo to be + verbo no particípio passadoA book was bought (by she).
81Voz Passiva Three cats was rescued. The reports were handed in. The blue car was crashed into.The poem was learned.The book has been forgotten.The DVD recorder has not been repaired.