Presentation on theme: "MODAL VERBS CAN COULD MAY MIGHT SHOULD / OUGHT TO MUST."— Presentation transcript:
MODAL VERBS CAN COULD MAY MIGHT SHOULD / OUGHT TO MUST
MODAL VERBS Todos os modais são usados sem alteração de forma com qualquer sujeito, não recebem a partícula "to" antes deles os verbos colocados depois deles devem ficar no infinitivo sem "to " exceto com ought to
MODAL VERBS I can see You can see He can see She can see Can she see? It can see She cannot/cant see. We can see They can see The students can see
MODAL VERBS NEGATIVE FORMS CANCANNOT CANT COULD COULD NOT COULDNT MAY MAY NOT MIGHT MIGHT NOT MIGHTNT SHOULD SHOULD NOT SHOULDNT OUGHT TO OUGHT NOT TO OUGHTNT MUST MUST NOT MUSTNT
MODAL VERBS CAN posso, pode... (present / future) INDICA: habilidade capacidade (TO BE ABLE TO) permissão informal possibilidade
Examples of CAN We can speak Portuguese and English. We ARE ABLE TO speak Portuguese and English. Can I go to the restroom? He can visit France when he travels to Europe. You can go now.
COULD podia, poderia... INDICA passado de CAN capacidade ou habilidade no passado (TO BE ABLE TO) pedido educado (FORMAL)
Examples of COULD My brother could run 10 kilometers every other day when he was young. He WAS ABLE TO run 10 kilometers... The pilot couldnt land because of the fog. They could have visited France when they went to Europe. Could you help me carry the baggage please?
MAY posso, pode... ( present / future) INDICA Permissão FORMAL (TO BE ALLOWED / TO BE PERMITTED) Probabilidade - GRANDE
Examples of MAY May I come in? You may leave the room when you finish the test. You ARE ALLOWED TO leave the room... We may see many important people at the international conference. There may be many homeless people after the earthquake.
MIGHT posso, podia INDICA passado de MAY permissão FORMAL no passado (TO BE ALLOWED / TO BE PERMITTED) Probabilidade – PEQUENA (present)
Examples of MIGHT My mom said I might go to the show. She said I WAS ALLOWED TO go to the show. Might you go out alone when you were 14? Maybe they might come for my birthday. However I dont believe it. We might meet an ET at our backyard someday.
Examples of SHOULD You should answer your questions now. He said we should come back tomorrow. You should turn off your cell in classroom. What should I do now? You shouldnt be so impolite! They shouldnt drink so much!
OUGHT TO devo, deveria... único dos modais a usar "to" depois dele, Sinônimo de SHOULD conselho recomendação sugestão
Examples of OUGHT TO You should answer your questions now. You OUGHT TO answer your questions now. He said we should come back tomorrow. He said we OUGHT TO come back tomorrow.
MUST tenho que, devo... INDICA obrigação forte necessidade dedução lógica sinônimo: HAVE TO
Examples of MUST We must respect traffic laws. We HAVE TO respect traffic laws. You must buy food for your children. He looks sick, he must go to the doctors. That man has a latest model car and a nice, big house. He must be well-off. (DEVE) Susan is always sad, she must have a problem. (DEVE)
MUST - negative forms You must study for your tests. You MUSTNT study for you tests. MUSTNT = PROHIBITION You MUSTNT scream in a hospital. You MUSTNT run a read light.
MUST - negative forms You must study for your tests. You DONT HAVE TO study for your tests. You NEEDNT study for your tests. NOT NECESSARY