Presentation on theme: "CAN COULD MAY MIGHT SHOULD / OUGHT TO MUST"— Presentation transcript:
1CAN COULD MAY MIGHT SHOULD / OUGHT TO MUST MODAL VERBSCANCOULDMAYMIGHTSHOULD / OUGHT TOMUST
2MODAL VERBSTodos os modais são usados sem alteração de forma com qualquer sujeito,não recebem a partícula "to" antes delesos verbos colocados depois deles devem ficar no infinitivo sem "to " exceto com ought to
3MODAL VERBS I can see You can see He can see She can see → Can she see?It can see She cannot/can’t see.We can seeThey can seeThe students can see
4MODAL VERBS NEGATIVE FORMS CAN CANNOT CAN’TCOULD COULD NOT COULDN’TMAY MAY NOTMIGHT MIGHT NOT MIGHTN’TSHOULD SHOULD NOT SHOULDN’TOUGHT TO OUGHT NOT TO OUGHTN’TMUST MUST NOT MUSTN’T
5MODAL VERBS CAN → posso, pode... (present / future) INDICA: habilidade capacidade (TO BE ABLE TO)permissão informalpossibilidade
6Examples of CAN We can speak Portuguese and English. We ARE ABLE TO speak Portuguese and English.Can I go to the restroom?He can visit France when he travels to Europe.You can go now.
7COULD → podia, poderia... passado de CAN INDICApassado de CANcapacidade ou habilidade no passado (TO BE ABLE TO)pedido educado (FORMAL)
8Examples of COULDMy brother could run 10 kilometers every other day when he was young.He WAS ABLE TO run 10 kilometers...The pilot couldn’t land because of the fog.They could have visited France when they went to Europe.Could you help me carry the baggage please?
9MAY →posso, pode... (present / future) INDICAPermissão FORMAL(TO BE ALLOWED / TO BE PERMITTED)Probabilidade - GRANDE
10Examples of MAY May I come in? You may leave the room when you finish the test.You ARE ALLOWED TO leave the room ...We may see many important people at the international conference.There may be many homeless people after the earthquake.
11MIGHT→posso, podia INDICA passado de MAY permissão FORMAL no passado (TO BE ALLOWED / TO BE PERMITTED)Probabilidade – PEQUENA (present)
12Examples of MIGHT My mom said I might go to the show. She said I WAS ALLOWED TO go to the show.Might you go out alone when you were 14?Maybe they might come for my birthday. However I don’t believe it.We might meet an ET at our backyard someday.
14Examples of SHOULD You should answer your questions now. He said we should come back tomorrow.You should turn off your cell in classroom.What should I do now?You shouldn’t be so impolite!They shouldn’t drink so much!
15OUGHT TO→devo, deveria... único dos modais a usar "to" depois dele, Sinônimo de SHOULDconselhorecomendaçãosugestão
16Examples of OUGHT TO You should answer your questions now. You OUGHT TO answer your questions now.He said we should come back tomorrow.He said we OUGHT TO come back tomorrow.
17INDICA obrigação forte necessidade dedução lógica sinônimo: HAVE TO MUST → tenho que, devo...INDICAobrigaçãoforte necessidadededução lógicasinônimo: HAVE TO
18Examples of MUST We must respect traffic laws. We HAVE TO respect traffic laws.You must buy food for your children.He looks sick, he must go to the doctor’s.That man has a latest model car and a nice, big house. He must be well-off. (DEVE)Susan is always sad, she must have a problem. (DEVE)
19MUST - negative forms You must study for your tests. You MUSTN’T study for you tests.MUSTN’T = PROHIBITIONYou MUSTN’T scream in a hospital.You MUSTN’T run a read light.
20MUST - negative forms You must study for your tests. You DON’T HAVE TO study for your tests.You NEEDN’T study for your tests.NOT NECESSARY