Presentation on theme: "Hei Kiingi he Whakaaro The idea of a king which had been around for some time , seems to have attracted much more interest following discussions at various."— Presentation transcript:
1 Hei Kiingi he WhakaaroThe idea of a king which had been around for some time , seems to have attracted much more interest following discussions at various hui during 1853 – pressures on land were increasing during the early 1850’s and bitter disputes were developing between those who supported pakeha settlement, the land sellers and those who wanted to hold onto their land.
2 Hei Kiingi he WhakaaroIt was perceived by many that the only way to retain effective control of lands was to assert “chiefly mana” over tribal land and to put tribal land under the mana of a King, there was a great support for the idea of a King among many North Island tribes. The question was who would be the most appropriate person to be given the role?
3 Hei Kiingi he Whakaaro Commencement of a King was made by, 1. Matene Te Whiwhi a chief of,Ngati Raukawa, Ngati Koroki, and Ngati Whakaue,2. Tamehana Te Rauparaha,Ngati Toa RangatiraWho both conceived the idea of making themselves King, but not approved
4 Hei Kiingi he Whakaaro 3. Te Kani Takirau of Te Tai Rawhiti 4. Tupaea of Tauranga moanaWere offered the position but both declinedSeveral hui were held throughout the motu with the final being at Pukawa.
5 Hei Kiingi he WhakaaroThe chiefs of Ngati haua and other chiefs of the runanga (council) thought about how they might have laws like the pakeha,and so they thought we ought to have a runanga in Auckland and so they drew up a paper and it was signed by all the chiefs on which Wiremu Tamihana will take to the Native office in Auckland.
6 Hei Kiingi he WhakaaroWiremu went to the Native office in Auckland and waited for (2) days while other pakeha would come in and be attended to even though he was there first. He felt like he was being treated like a dog Wiremu then decided to go to Mangere and talk to Potatau about going back to Waikato remembering it was the pakeha who asked Potatau to come to Auckland
7 Hei Kiingi he WhakaaroWiremu was wanting Potatau to go back to Waikato to consider some tikanga (law) for ourselves and from that time became a firm Kingite and also the installation of Potatau as King. Wiremu visit to Auckland was only one chain of influences leading to his joining the king movement and not an isolated and decisive event.
8 Nga Pou o te KingitangaNga Pou o te Kingitanga were a series of Pataka erected at different places where the King movement had its roots,these are;Taranaki 1853 to mark the formation of the land league which later led to the King movement.Otaki 1854 when Matene Whiwhi and Tamehana decided on an appointment of a King
9 Nga Pou o te Kingitanga3. Whanganui (Pehi Turoa) this Pataka may be at Putiki, 4. Pitoone 1856 (Wi Tako) Pataka (Nuku Tewha Tewha) building supervised by Te Heuheu 5. Wairarapa Pataka possibly Papawai 6. Waiohiki Taradale 1855 by (Tareha to Moanaui)
10 Nga Pou o te Kingitanga7. Hinana ki uta Hinana ki tai Pukawa 1854 opened 1856 Carved Pataka belonging to Te Heuheu the brother of Iwikau,8. Waikato this Pataka completely carved was thrown in the Waikato awa at then called Waikaremoana (Rangiriri) by Hongi Hika and it is lying there still, it has been left and is tapu.
11 Hitori o te timata te Kingitanga This introduction starts….1857 at Pukawa under the mana of IwikauTe Heuheu who proclaimed ‘Hinana ki uta, hinana ki tai’ all of Maoridom came together to place their allegiance to the Kingitanga, and then at Haurua Marae Otorohanga where Tukaroto Matutaera Potatau Te Wherowhero accepted the mantle as King of Maoridom` formalised through the ‘Coronation’ at Ngaruawaahia in the beginning of Kotahitanga a new era for all Maori.
12 Whakawahinga Hei Kiingi Nga Kupu Rarangi mo te whakawahinga“Ka whakawahi a koe e au ki teenei paipera tapu ki to ingoa “Potatau Te Wherowhero Tawhiao Mahuta Te Rata Koroki Te Ataiirangikaahu Tuheitia
13 Raarangi Kiingi Hei Kiingi Kai Whakawaahi Kiingi, (Kingmaker) Est May 2nd 1858 to 1860Tukaroto MatutaeraPotatauTe WherowheroNgaruawahiaKai Whakawaahi Kiingi, (Kingmaker)Born 1802/05Est 1858Wiremu TamihanaTarapipipiTe Waharoa
14 Raarangi KiingiKai Whakawaahi King, (Title change to Tumuaki o te Kingitanga)Died 27th Dec 1866Wiremu TamihanaTarapipipiTe WaharoaHei kiingi5th July 1860to 1894Potatau Te Wherowhero MatutaeraTawhiaoNgaruawahia
15 KingitangaWhen King Potatau Te Wherowhero Matutaera Tawhiao became King he created a change of title from Kingmaker to Tumuaki making Tuputaingakawa Premier of Te Kauwhanganui (Maori Parliament) at Maungakawa, in pakeha terms it means Prime Minister of all Maoridom.The Tumuaki was a ‘taha kikokiko’ role established to administer the business affairs of the kingdom.
16 Raarangi Kiingi Hei Kiingi 14th Sept 1894 to 1912 Potatau Te Wherowhero Matutaera TawhiaoMahutaMaungakawaKai Whakawaahi Kiingi (Tumuaki o te Kingitanga)Born 1844/1845Atanatiu Tupu TaingakawaTe WaharoaSucceeded 27th Dec 1866
17 Raarangi Kiingi Kai Whakawaahi King, (Tumuaki) Died 24th June 1929 Hei Kiingi14 Nov 1912to 1933PotatauTe WherowheroMatutaeraTawhiao MahutaTe RataWaahi PaKai Whakawaahi King, (Tumuaki)Died 24th June 1929Atanatiu Tupu TaingakawaTe Waharoa
18 Raarangi Kiingi Hei Kiingi 8th Oct 1933 to 1966 Potatau Te Wherowhero MatutaeraTawhiao MahutaTe Rata KorokiTurangawaewaeKai Whakawaahi King, (Tumuaki) (Noho puku)24th June 1929Tarapipipi TuputaingakawaTarapipipiSuccessorWiremu Tamihana Tarapipipi (Tawhi)
19 KingitangaWhen Tarapipipi became the Tumuaki as it was named then that Princess Tupuea advised King Te Rata to remove the speaking rights of the Tumuaki hence the placing of “noho puku”, and so the role of the Tumuaki became only a ceremonial role.
20 Raarangi Kiingi Te Arikinui 23rd May 1966 to 2006 Potatau Te WherowheroMatutaeraTawhiao MahutaTe Rata KorokiTe AtaiirangikaahuTurangawaewaeKai Whakawaahi King (Tumuaki o te Kingitanga)Successor’sTe Waharoa TarapipipiTamihanato 1972Tahiwaru Tarapipipi
21 Raarangi Kiingi Te Arikinui Te Ataiirangikaahu Kai Whakawaahi King (Tumuaki)1972 to 1976Ranginui WiripoaiTarapipipi Tamihana1976 to 2000Wiripoai TarapipipiTamihana
22 Raarangi Kiingi Te Arikinui Te Ataiirangikaahu Kai Whakawaahi King, (Tumuaki o te Kingitanga)2000Anaru Tarapipipi WiripoaiTe Awaitaia Tamihana
23 Raarangi Kiingi Kai Whakawahi Kiingi Hei Kingi 21st August 2006Potatau Te Wherowhero Tawhiao Mahuta Te Rata Koroki Te Ataiirangikaahu TuheitiaKai Whakawahi Kiingi(Tumuaki o te Kingitanga)Anaru Tarapipipi Wiripoai Te Awaitaia Tamihana
24 TuwheratangaTravelled to Pukawa Marae ki Taupo to open their Whare Kai “Waiparemo” and Tupuna Whare “Manunui a Ruakapanga”The significance of this day was the union of Rangatira bloodlines and the consolidation of whakapapa for Tuwharetoa and also comemoration of the beginning of the Kingitanga
25 Nga Rangatira o Pukawa King Potatau Te Wherowhero Iwikau Tukino Te HeuheuWiremu Tamihana Tarapipipi1858 installation of the KingitangaKing TuheitiaTumu Iwikau Tukino Te Heuheu 3rdAnaru TarapipipiVisit Nov 16th (148yrs of Kingitanga)